The American Pageant A History of the Republic

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  • Edition: 12th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-07-16
  • Publisher: Cengage High School
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Supported by colorful anecdotes, first-person quotations, and its trademark wit, The American Pageant is one of the most readable, popular, and effective American history textbooks available. Pedagogy includes chapter-ending chronologies, numerous interesting quotes from historical figures, and incisive part openers that contextualize six major periods in American history. The Appendix includes "Suggested Readings" for every chapter, an annotated Constitution of the United States, and an extensive statistical profile of the United States.

Table of Contents

Preface xxii
Part One Founding the New Nation c. 33,000 B.C.---A.D. 1783 2(162)
New World Beginnings 33,000 B.C.---A.D. 1769
The geology of the New World
Native Americans before Columbus
Europeans and Africans
The search for a water route to Asia
Columbus and the early explorers
The ecological consequences of Columbus's discovery
Spain builds a New World empire
Examining the Evidence Making Sense of the New World
Makers of America The Spanish Conquistadores
The Planting of English America 1500-1733
England on the eve of colonization
The expansion of Elizabethan England
The planting of Jamestown, 1607
English settlers and Native Americans
The growth of Virginia and Maryland
England in the Caribbean
Settling the Carolinas and Georgia
Makers of America the Iroquois
Settling the Northern Colonies 1619-1700
The Puritan faith
Plymouth Colony, 1620
The Puritan commonwealth of Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1630
Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire
Puritans and Indians
The Dominion of New England, 1686-1689
New Netherland becomes New York
Pennysylvania, the Quaker colony
New Jersey and Delaware
Makers of America the English
Examining the Evidence A Seventeenth-century Valuables Cabinet
Varying Viewpoints Europeanizing America or Americanizing Europe?
American Life in the Seventeenth Century 1607-1692
Life and labor in the Chesapeake tobacco region
Indentured servants and Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia, 1676
The spread of slavery
African-American culture
Southern Society
Families in New England
Declining Puritan piety
The Salem withchcraft trials, 1692
Daily life in the colonies
Examining the Evidence
An Indentured Servant's Contract
Makers of America From African to African-American
Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution 1700-1775
Immigration and population growth
Colonial social structure
Earning a living
The Atlantic economy
The role of religion
The Great Awakening of the 1730s
Education and culture
Political patterns
Makers of America the Scots-Orish
Varying Viewpoints Colonial America: Communities of Conflict or Consensus?
The Duel for North America 1608-1763
New France
Fur-traders and Indians
Anglo-French colonial rivalries
Europe, America, and the first world wars
The French and Indian War, 1754-1763
The ousting of France from North America, 1763
Pointiac's Uprising and the Proclamation of 1763
Makers of America The French
The Road to Revolution 1763-1775
The merits and menace of mercantilism
The Stamp Act crisis, 1765
The Townshend Acts, 1767
The Boston Tea Party, 1773
The Intolerable Acts and the Continental Congress, 1774
Lexington, Concord, and the gathering clouds of war, 1775
Varying Viewpoints Whose Revolution?
America Secedes from the Empire 1775-1783
Early skirmishes, 1775
American ``republicanism''
The Declaration of Independence, 1776
Patriots and Loyalists
The fighting fronts
The French alliance, 1778
Yorktown, 1781
The Peace of Paris, 1783
Examining the Evidence A Revolution for Women? Abigail Adams Chides Her Husband, 1776
Makers of America The Loyalists
Part Two Building the New Nation 1776-1860 164(184)
The Confederation and the Constitution 1776-1790
Changing political sentiments
The new state constitutions
Economic troubles
The Articles of Confederation, 1781-1788
The Northwest Ordinance, 1787
Shays's Rebellion, 1786
The Constitutional Convention, 1787
Ratifying the Constitution, 1787-1790
Examining the Evidence Copley Family Portrait, c. 1776-1777
Varying Viewpoints The Constitution: Revolutionary or Counterrevolutionary?
Launching the New Ship of State 1789-1800
Problems of the young Republic
The first presidency, 1789-1793
The Bill of Rights, 1791
Hamilton's economic policies
The Whiskey Rebellion, 1794
The emergence of political parties
The impact of the French Revolution
Jay's Treaty, 1794, and Washington's farewell, 1797
President Adams keeps the peace
The Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, 1798-1799
Federalists versus Republicans
The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic 1800-1812
The ``Revolution of 1800''
The Jefferson presidency
John Marshall and the Supreme Court
Barbary pirates
The Louisiana Purchase, 1803
The Anglo-French War
The Embargo, 1807-1809
Napoleon manipulates Madison
Battle with the Shawnees
A Declaration of War
Examining the Evidence Sorting out the Thomas Jefferson-Sally Hemmings Relationship
The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism 1812-1824
Invasion of Canada, 1812
The war on land and sea
The Treaty of Ghent, 1814
The Hartford Convention, 1814-1815
A new national identity
``The American System''
James Monroe and the Era of Good Feelings
Westward expansion
The Missouri Compromise, 1820
The Supreme Court under John Marshall
Canada and Florida
The Monroe Doctrine, 1823
Makers of America Settlers of the Old Northwest
The Rise of a Mass Democracy 1824-1840
The ``corrupt bargain'' of 1824
President John Quincy Adams, 1825-1829
The triumph of Andrew Jackson, 1828
The ``Tariff of Abominations,'' 1828
The spoils system
The South Carolina nullification crisis, 1832-1833
The removal of the Indians from the Southeast
Jackson's war on the Bank of the United States
The emergence of the Whig party, 1836
Martin Van Buren in the White House, 1837-1841
The depression of 1837
Revolution in Texas
William Henry Harrison's ``log cabin'' campaign, 1840
The establishment of the two-party system
Examining the Evidence Satric Bank Note, 1837
Makers of America Mexican or Texican?
Varying Viewpoints What Was Jacksonian Democracy?
Forging the National Economy 1790-1860
The westward movement
European immigration
The Irish and the Germans
Nativism and assimilation
The coming of the factory system
Women and the economy
The ripening of commercial agriculture
The transportation revolution
Makers of America The Irish
Makers of America The Germans
Examining the Evidence The Invention of the Sewing Machine
The Ferment of Reform and Culture 1790-1860
Religious revivals
The Mormons
Educational advances
The roots of reform
Women's roles and women's rights
Utopian experiments
Art and architecture
A national literature
Makers of America The Oneida Community
Varying Viewpoints Reform: Who? What? How? and Why?
Part Three Testing the New Nation 1820-1877 348(152)
The South and the Slavery Controversy 1793-1860
The economy of the Cotton Kingdom
Poor whites and free blacks
The plantation system
The human face of the ``peculiar institution''
The abolitionist crusade
The white Southern response
Abolition and the Northern conscience
Examining the Evidence Bellegrove Plantation, Donaldsville, Louisiana, Built 1857
Varying Viewpoints What Was the True Nature of Slavery?
Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy 1841-1848
``Tyler Too'' becomes president, 1841
Fixing the Maine boundary, 1842
The annexation of Texas, 1845
Oregon Fever
James K. Polk, the ``dark horse'' of 1844
War with Mexico, 1846-1848
Makers of America The Californios
Renewing the Sectional Struggle 1848-1854
``Popular sovereignty''
Zachary Taylor and California statehood
The Compromise of 1850
The inflammatory Fugitive Slave Law
President Pierce and expansion, 1853-1857
Senator Douglas and the Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854
Drifting Toward Disunion 1854-1861
Uncle Tom's Cabin and the spread of abolitionist sentiment in the North
The contest for Kansas
The election of James Buchanan, 1856
The Dred Scott case, 1857
The financial panic of 1857
The Lincoln-Douglas debates, 185
John Brown's rapid on Harpers Ferry, 1859
Lincoln and Republican victory, 1860
Examining the Evidence Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin
Varying Viewpoints The Civil War: Repressible or Irrepressible?
Girding for War: The North and the South 1861-1865
The attack on Fort Sumter, April 1861
The crucial border states
The balance of forces
The threat of European intervention
The importance of diplomacy
Lincoln and civil liberties
Men in uniform
Financing the Blue and the Gray
The economic impact of the war
Women and the war
The fate of the South
The Furnace of Civil War 1861-1865
Bull Run ends the ``ninety-day war''
The Peninsula Campaign
The Union wages total war
The battle of Antietam
The Emancipation Proclamation, 1863
Black soldiers
Confederate high tide at Gettysburg
The war in the West
Sherman marches through Georgia
Politics in wartime
Appomattox, 1865
The assassination of Lincoln, April 1865
The legacy of war
Examining the Evidence Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
Varying Viewpoints What Were the Consequences of the Civil War?
The Ordeal of Reconstruction 1865-1877
The defeated South
The freed slaves
President Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction policies
Moderate and radical Republicans
Congressional Reconstruction policies
Johnson clashes with Congress
Military Reconstruction, 1867-1877
Freed people enter politics
``Black Reconstruction'' and the Ku Klux Klan
The impeachment of Andrew Johnson
The legacy of Reconstruction
Varying Viewpoints How Radical Was Reconstruction?
Part Four Forging an Industrial Society 1865-1899 500(144)
Political Paralysis in the Gilded Age 1869-1896
Ulysses S. Grant, soldier-president
Corruption and reform in the post-Civil War era
The depression of the 1870s
Political parties and partisans
The Compromise of 1877 and the end of Reconstruction
Class conflict and ethnic clashes
Civil-service reform
Grover Cleveland and the tariff
President Harrison and the ``Billion Dollar Congess''
Cleveland Regains the White House
Makers of America The Chinese
Varying Viewpoints The Populists: Radicals or Reactionaries?
Industry Comes of Age 1865-1900
The railroad boom
Speculators and financiers
Early efforts at government regulation
Lords of industry
Industry in the South
The laboring class
The rise of trade unions
Examining the Evidence The Photography of Lewis W. Hine
Makers of America The Knights of Labor
Varying Viewpoints Industrialization: Boon or Blight?
America Moves to the City 1865-1900
The rise of the city
Skycrapers, tenements, and suburbs
The ``New Immigrants''
Settlement houses and social workers
New jobs for women
Nativists and immigration restriction
Churches in the city
Black leaders: Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois
Literary achievements
The ``New Woman'' and the new morality
Art, music, and entertainment in urban America
Examining the Evidence Manuscript Census Data, 1900
Makers of America The Italians
The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution 1865-1896
The conquest of the Indians
The mining and cattle frontiers
Free lands and fraud
The industrialization of agriculture
Farmers protest
Challenge from the People's Party
The Pullman Strike, 1894
Bryan versus McKinley, 1896
Makers of America The Plains Indians
Examining the Evidence Robert Louis Stevenson's Transcontinental Journey, 1879
Varying Viewpoints Was the West Really ``Won''?
The Path of Empire 1890-1899
The sources of American expansionism
Cleveland and the Venezuelan boundary dispute, 1895-1896
The Hawaii Question
The explosion of the Maine, February 15, 1898
The Spanish-American War, 1898
The invasion of Cuba
Acquiring Puerto Rico (1898) and the Philippines (1899)
Makers of America The Puerto Ricans
Part Five Struggling for Justice at Home and Abroad 1899-1945 644(212)
America on the World Stage 1899-1909
Crushing the Filipino insurrection
The Open Door notes, 1899 and 1900
TR becomes president, 1901
The Panama Canal
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, 1904
Roosevelt and the Far East
Makers of America The Filipinos
Varying Viewpoints Why Did America Become a World Power?
Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt 1901-1912
Campaigning against social injustice
The muckrakers
The politics of progressivism
Women battle for the vote and against the saloon
Roosevelt, labor, and the trusts
Consumer protection
Roosevelt's legacy
The troubled presidency of William Howard Taft
Taft's ``dollar diplomacy''
Roosevelt breaks with Taft
Examining the Evidence Muller v. Oregon, 1908
Makers of America The Environmentalists
Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad 1912-1916
The election of 1912: The New Freedom versus the New Nationalism
Wilson, the tariff, the banks, and the trusts
Wilson's diplomacy in Mexico
War in Europe and American neutrality
The reelection of Wilson, 1916
Varying Viewpoints Who Were the Progressives?
The War to End War 1917-1918
German submarines push America into war, 1917
Wilsonian idealism and the Fourteen Points
Propaganda and civil liberties
Workers, blacks, and women on the home front
Drafting soldiers
The American Expeditionary Force fights in France
Wilsonian peacemaking at Paris
The Senate rejects the Versailles Treaty
Varying Viewpoints Woodrow Wilson: Realist or Idealist?
American Life in the Roaring Twenties 1919-1920
The ``red scare,'' 1919-1920
Immigration restriction, 1921-1924
Prohibition and gangsterism
The Scopes trial
The emergence of a mass-consumption economy
The automobile age
Radio and the movies
Music and literature in the ``delirious decade''
The economic boom
Makers of America The Poles
Examining the Evidence The Jazz Singer, 1927
The Politics of Boom and Bust 1920-1932
The Republicans return to power, 1921
Disarmament and isolation
The Harding scandals
Calvin Coolidge's foreign policies
The international debt snarl
Herbert Hoover, cautious progressive
The great crash, 1929
Hoover and the Great Depression
Aggression in Asia
``Good Neighbors'' in Latin America
Examining the Evidence Lampooning Hoover, 1932
The Great Depression and the New Deal 1933-1939
Franklin D. Roosevelt as president
The Hundred Days Congress, 1933
The National Recovery Administration, 1933-1935
The Agricultural Adjustment Administration, 1933-1936
The Tennessee Valley Authority
The Social Security Act, 1935
Gains for organized labor
The election of 1936 and the ``Roosevelt coalition''
The Supreme Court fight, 1937
The New Deal assessed
Makers of America The Dust Bowl Migrants
Varying Viewpoints How Radical Was the New Deal?
Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Shadow of War 1933-1941
Roosevelt's early foreign policies
German and Japanese aggression
The Neutrality Acts, 1935-1939
The destroyer-bases deal with Britain, 1940
The Lend-Lease Act, 1941
The Atlantic Charter, 1941
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941
Makers of America Refugees from the Holocaust
America in World War II 1941-1945
The internment of Japanese-Americans
The war ends the New Deal
Mobilizing the economy
Women in wartime
The war's effect on African-Americans, Native Americans, and Mexican-Americans
The economic and social impact of war
Turning the Japanese tide in the Pacific
Campaigns in North Africa (1942) and Italy (1943)
``D-Day'' in Normandy (France), June 6, 1944
Germany surrenders, May 1945
The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, August 1945
Makers of America The Japanese
Examining the Evidence Franklin Roosevelt at Teheran, 1943
Varying Viewpoints World War II: Triumph or Tragedy?
Part Six Creating Modern America 1945 to the Present 856(2)
The Cold War Begins 1945-1952
Postwar prosperity
The rise of the ``Sunbelt''
The rush to the suburbs
The postwar baby boom
Harry S Truman as president
The Yalta Conference, February 1945
Origins of the Cold War
The International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the United Nations
The containment doctrine
The Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and NATO
Anti-communism at home
The outbreak of the Korean War, 1950
Examining the Evidence Advertising Prosperity
Makers of America The Suburbanites
Varying Viewpoints Who Was to Blame for the Cold War?
The Eisenhower Era 1952-1960
The election of Dwight D Eisenhower, 1952
The menace of McCarthyism
Desegregating the South
Brown v. Board of Education (1954) and the seeds of the civil rights revolution
The emergence of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Eisenhower Republicanism
The Suez Canal crisis, 1956
The space race and other contests with the Soviet Union
John F. Kennedy defeats Richard Nixon for the presidency, 1960
Changing economic roles for men and women
The flowering of consumer culture in the 1950s
Postwar literature
Makers of America The Great African-American Migration
The Stormy Sixties 1960-1968
The Kennedy spirit
The abortive Bay of Pigs invasion (1961) and the missile crisis (1962) in Cuba
The struggle for civil rights
Kennedy assassinated, November 22, 1963
Lyndon Baines Johnson and the ``Great Society''
The civil rights revolution explodes
The Vietnam disaster
The election of Richard Nixon, 1968
The cultural upheavals of the 1960s
Examining the Evidence Conflicting Press Accounts of the ``March on Washington,'' 1963
Varying Viewpoints The Sixties: Constructive or Destructive?
The Stalemated Seventies 1968-1980
The end of the postwar economic boom
Nixon and the Vietnam War
New policies toward China and the Soviet Union
Nixon and the Supreme Court
Nixon's domestic program
Nixon trounces McGovern, 1972
The Watergate scandal
Israelis, Arabs, and oil
Nixon resigns
The Ford interlude
The election of Jimmy Carter, 1976
Carter's diplomatic successes in Panama and the Middle East
The energy crisis and inflation
The Iranian hostage humiliation
Examining the Evidence The ``Smoking Gun'' Tape, June 23, 1972
Makers of America The Vietnamese
Makers of America The Feminists
The Resurgence of Conservatism 1980-2000
The ``New Right'' and Reagan's election, 1980
Budget battles and tax cuts
Reagan and the Soviets
Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan, and the thawing of the Cold War
The Iran-Contra scandal
Reagan's economic legacy
Reagan and the ``social issues''
The election of George Bush, 1988
The end of the Cold War
The Persian Gulf War, 1991
Bush's battles at home
The election of Bill Clinton, 1992
The Republicans win control of Congress, 1994
The reelection of Clinton, 1996
Clinton's foreign policy
The Clinton impeachment trial
The 2000 election
Varying Viewpoints Where Did Modern Conservatism Come From?
The American People Face a New Century
The past and the future
The emergence of a ``postindustrial'' economy
Widening inequality
The feminist revolution
The transformation of the family
The newest immigrants
Cities and suburbs
Minorities in modern America
American culture at century's end
The American prospect
Makers of America The Latinos
Examining the Evidence A Country Politically Divided Between City and Country
Suggested Readings
Declaration of Independence
Constitution of the United States of America
An American Profile: The United States and Its People
Population, Percentage Change, and Racial Composition for the United States, 1790-2000
Population Density and Distribution, 1790-2000
Changing Characteristics of the U.S. Population
Changing Lifestyles in Modern America
Characteristics of the U.S. Labor Force
Leading Economic Sectors
Per Capita Disposable Personal Income in Constant (1987) Dollars, 1940-1998
Comparative Tax Burdens
Value of Imports and Exports by Selected Place of Origin and Destination
The U.S. Balance of Trade, 1900-1998
Tariff Levies on Dutiable Imports, 1821-1996
Gross Domestic Product in Current and Constant 1995 Dollars
Presidential Elections
Presidents and Vice Presidents
Admission of States
Estimates of Total Costs and Number of Battle Deaths of Major U.S. Wars
Photograph Credits

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