The American Past A Survey of American History

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-03-16
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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America's past is full of politics as well as personal stories. That's why Conlin's THE AMERICAN PAST: A SURVEY OF AMERICAN HISTORY teaches history the way it happened: real people with real stories. Through short narratives from political figures' lives, you'll discover how our nation grew from a colonial project to an international superpower. And along the way, you'll also get an inside look at the influence that women and minority groups have had on our nation's history.

Table of Contents

List of Mapsp. xvii
How They Livedp. xix
Prefacep. xxi
Discoveries: Indians, Europeans, and the Americas About 15,000 B.C. to A.D. 1550p. 1
The First Colonizationp. 2
How They Lived: Locked in a Circle of Timep. 5
Europe: Driven and Expansivep. 8
Portugal and Spain: The Van of Explorationp. 10
The Spanish Empirep. 13
The Columbian Exchangep. 17
Further Readingp. 18
Key Termsp. 19
Online Sources Guidep. 19
Settlements Across the Sea: The Reasons, the Failures, and a Success 1550-1624p. 20
The English Reformationp. 21
Elizabethan England: The Seedbed of English Americap. 23
How They Lived: Common Seamenp. 25
Beginnings of an Empirep. 26
Jamestownp. 30
Other Beginningsp. 35
Further Readingp. 36
Key Termsp. 37
Online Sources Guidep. 37
Thirteen Colonies: England's American Empire 1620-1732p. 38
The New England Coloniesp. 38
Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshirep. 45
How They Lived: Puritan Sundayp. 47
Proprietary Coloniesp. 48
Further Readingp. 53
Key Termsp. 54
Online Sources Guidep. 54
English Intentions, American Facts of Life: Colonial Society in the 1600sp. 55
Tradep. 56
Mercantilism in the Southp. 58
How They Lived: Finding the Wayp. 61
New Englandp. 64
The Middle Coloniesp. 68
Further Readingp. 69
Key Termsp. 70
Online Sources Guidep. 70
Other Americans: Colonial Indians and Africansp. 71
Eastern Woodlands Indiansp. 71
A World Turned Upside Downp. 76
Americans From Africap. 80
The African Slave Tradep. 84
How They Lived: Slave Stationsp. 86
Further Readingp. 88
Key Termsp. 89
Online Sources Guidep. 89
Competition for a Continent: French America and British America 1608-1763p. 90
New France and Louisianap. 91
A Century of Warp. 94
Social Developmentsp. 96
Social Mobilityp. 98
Politics: Imperial and Colonialp. 99
How They Lived: Piracy's Golden Agep. 100
Culture and Religionp. 102
Britain's Glorious Triumphp. 105
Further Readingp. 108
Key Termsp. 109
Online Sources Guidep. 109
Family Quarrels: Dissension in the Colonies 1763-1770p. 110
Imperial Problemsp. 110
The Stamp Act Crisisp. 117
How They Lived: School for Politiciansp. 120
Act Twop. 121
Further Readingp. 123
Key Termsp. 123
Online Sources Guidep. 124
From Riot to Rebellion: The Road to Independence 1770-1776p. 125
Storms Within the Lullp. 125
How They Lived: Redcoatsp. 128
The March Toward Warp. 131
Rebellionp. 134
Cutting the Tiep. 137
Further Readingp. 140
Key Termsp. 140
Online Sources Guidep. 140
The War for Independence: Winning the Revolution 1776-1781p. 141
An Imbalance of Powerp. 141
Boston won, New York Lostp. 144
The Tide Turnsp. 149
How They Lived: Ignoring the Revolutionp. 154
Further Readingp. 156
Key Termsp. 156
Online Sources Guidep. 156
Inventing a Country: American Constitutions 1781-1789p. 157
State Constitutionsp. 157
America Under the Articles of Confederationp. 161
How They Lived: Laying Out the Landp. 164
Difficulties and Failuresp. 166
The Constitutionp. 169
Ratificationp. 173
Further Readingp. 174
Key Termsp. 175
Online Sources Guidep. 175
We the People: Putting the Constitution to Work 1789-1800p. 176
The First Presidencyp. 176
Troubles Abroadp. 182
How They Lived: Turning Forests into Farmsp. 185
The Tumultuous Northwestp. 187
The Presidency of John Adamsp. 189
Further Readingp. 192
Key Termsp. 192
Online Sources Guidep. 193
Jeffersonian America: Expansion and Frustration 1800-1815p. 194
The Election of 1800p. 194
The Sage of Monticellop. 195
The Louisiana Purchasep. 198
Foreign Woesp. 202
Jemmy Applejohn and the War of 1812p. 204
How They Lived: Frontier Societyp. 206
Further Readingp. 210
Key Termsp. 211
Online Sources Guidep. 211
Beyond the Appalachians: The West in the Early Nineteenth Centuryp. 212
The First American Westp. 212
Patterns of Settlementp. 214
Programsp. 218
The Transportation Revolutionp. 222
How They Lived: Digging the Erie Canalp. 223
Further Readingp. 228
Key Termsp. 228
Online Sources Guidep. 228
Nation Awakening: Political and Economic Development 1815-1824p. 229
The Era of Good Feelingsp. 229
Successful Diplomacyp. 232
Industrializationp. 235
A Country Made for Industryp. 238
How They Lived: Roadsp. 239
The South at the Crossroadsp. 241
Further Readingp. 246
Key Termsp. 247
Online Sources Guidep. 247
The People's Hero: Andrew Jackson and a New Era 1824-1830p. 248
The Skewed Election of 1824p. 248
The Age of the Common Manp. 251
The Revolution of 1828p. 254
How They Lived: Dueling the American Wayp. 256
Issues of Jackson's First Termp. 260
Further Readingp. 265
Key Termsp. 265
Online Sources Guidep. 265
In the Shadow of Old Hickory: Personalities and Politics 1830-1842p. 266
Van Buren Versus Calhounp. 266
The War With the Bankp. 269
The Second American Party Systemp. 272
How They Lived: Alma Materp. 274
Further Readingp. 280
Key Termsp. 280
Online Sources Guidep. 280
Religion and Reform: Evangelicals and Enthusiasts 1800-1850p. 282
Age of Reason, Age of Reactionp. 282
Religious Fermentp. 283
Reformersp. 286
How They Lived: European Observersp. 288
Home-Grown Religion; Utopian Reformp. 292
Further Readingp. 297
Key Termsp. 297
Online Sources Guidep. 297
A Different Country: The South and Slaveryp. 299
Southern Antislaveryp. 299
Threats to the Southern Orderp. 303
How They Lived: African Slave Traders: Defying the Lawp. 306
The South Closes Ranksp. 307
Further Readingp. 311
Key Termsp. 312
Online Sources Guidep. 312
The Peculiar Institution: Slavery as It Was Perceived; Slavery as It Wasp. 313
"De Old Plantation"p. 313
The Abolitionistsp. 315
What Slavery Was Likep. 317
How They Lived: Fugitive Slavesp. 318
Life in the Quartersp. 323
Protestp. 323
Further Readingp. 327
Key Termsp. 327
Online Sources Guidep. 327
From Sea to Shining Sea: American Expansion 1820-1848p. 328
The Mexican Borderlandsp. 328
The Oregon Countryp. 333
How They Lived: Zorro and the Californiosp. 334
Further Readingp. 342
Key Termsp. 342
Online Sources Guidep. 342
Apples of Discord: The Poisoned Fruits of Victory 1844-1854p. 343
The Sectional Split Takes Shapep. 343
The Crisis of 1850p. 345
How They Lived: How They Mined the Goldp. 349
The Compromisep. 350
The Kansas-Nebraska Actp. 353
Further Readingp. 355
Key Termsp. 355
Online Sources Guidep. 355
The Collapse of the Union: From Debate to Violence 1854-1861p. 356
Bleeding Kansasp. 356
A Hardening of Linesp. 360
How They Lived: The Irish Famine and the Know-Nothingsp. 365
The Election of 1860p. 366
The Confederacyp. 367
Further Readingp. 372
Key Termsp. 372
Online Sources Guidep. 372
Tidy Plans, Ugly Realities: The Civil War through 1862p. 373
The Art and Science of Warp. 373
The Sobering Campaign of 1861p. 377
How They Lived: Facing Battlep. 381
1862 and Stalematep. 382
Further Readingp. 389
Key Termsp. 390
Online Sources Guidep. 390
Driving Old Dixie Down: General Grant's War of Attrition 1863-1865p. 391
The Campaigns of 1863p. 391
How They Lived: Marching through Georgiap. 396
Total Warp. 398
The American Tragedyp. 402
Consequences of the Civil Warp. 404
Further Readingp. 406
Key Termsp. 407
Online Sources Guidep. 407
Aftermath: Reconstructing the Union; Failing the Freedmen 1865-1877p. 408
The Reconstruction Crisisp. 408
1866: The Critical Yearp. 413
Radical Reconstructionp. 415
How They Lived: Gullahp. 416
Grant's Troubled Administrationp. 420
The Twilight of Reconstructionp. 421
Further Readingp. 423
Key Termsp. 423
Online Sources Guidep. 423
Parties, Patronage, and Pork: Politics in the Late Nineteenth Centuryp. 424
How the System Workedp. 425
Presidents and Personalitiesp. 429
How They Lived: A District Leader's Dayp. 432
Issuesp. 436
Politics in the Citiesp. 437
Further Readingp. 440
Key Termsp. 441
Online Sources Guidep. 441
Technology, Industry, and Business: Economic Revolution in the Late Nineteenth Centuryp. 442
A Land Made for Industryp. 442
Conquering the Wide-Open Spacesp. 448
The Transcontinental Linesp. 452
How They Lived: Building the Transcontinentalp. 452
The Organizersp. 455
Further Readingp. 459
Key Termsp. 460
Online Sources Guidep. 460
Living with Leviathan: Big Business and Great Wealthp. 461
Regulating Railroads and Trustsp. 462
Social Criticsp. 465
Defenders of the Faithp. 467
How They Lived: The Last Dance of the Idle Richp. 468
How the Very Rich Livedp. 470
Further Readingp. 473
Key Termsp. 474
Online Sources Guidep. 474
We Who Built America: Factories and Immigrantsp. 475
A New Way of Lifep. 475
Who Were the Workers?p. 477
Organize!p. 479
Nation of Immigrantsp. 483
Ethnic Americap. 485
How They Lived: Crossing the Atlanticp. 486
Further Readingp. 490
Key Termsp. 490
Online Sources Guidep. 491
Urban America: The Growth of Big Cities and Big City Problemsp. 492
Cities as Alien Enclavesp. 492
Of the Growth of Great Citiesp. 496
How They Lived: Sweatshopsp. 500
The Evils of City Lifep. 501
Further Readingp. 504
Key Termsp. 505
Online Sources Guidep. 505
The Last Frontier: Winning the Last of the West 1865-1900p. 506
The Last Frontierp. 506
The Cattle Kingdomp. 515
How They Lived: Punching Cowsp. 516
The Wild West in American Culturep. 518
The Mining Frontierp. 520
Further Readingp. 522
Key Termsp. 522
Online Sources Guidep. 522
Stressful Times Down Home: American Agriculture 1865-1896p. 523
Farming in a Dry Landp. 524
Southern Farmersp. 527
Protest and Organizationp. 529
The Money Questionp. 530
How They Lived: The Cigarette Kingdomp. 531
The Populistsp. 533
Further Readingp. 536
Key Termsp. 537
Online Sources Guidep. 537
The Days of McKinley: The United States as a World Power 1896-1903p. 538
The Landmark Election of 1896p. 538
Jim Crow Segregationp. 542
An American Empirep. 544
The Spanish-American Warp. 546
How They Lived: Avenging the Mainep. 549
Empire Confirmedp. 550
Further Readingp. 555
Key Termsp. 555
Online Sources Guidep. 556
The World of Teddy Roosevelt: Society and Culture in Transition 1890-1917p. 557
Symbol of an Agep. 558
The New Middle Classp. 560
A Lively Culturep. 563
Americans at Playp. 566
How They Lived: Coney Island: Democratic Amusementp. 566
Sportsp. 570
Further Readingp. 572
Key Termsp. 573
Online Sources Guidep. 573
Age of Reform: The Progressivesp. 574
The Progressivesp. 574
Progressivism Down Homep. 578
Making People Betterp. 581
How They Lived: Bindlestiffs, Tramps, and Bumsp. 582
Left of Progressivismp. 585
Further Readingp. 587
Key Termsp. 588
Online Sources Guidep. 588
The Progressive Presidents: Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson 1901-1916p. 589
T. R. Takes Overp. 589
Roosevelt's Reformsp. 592
A Conservattive President in a Progressive Erap. 594
How They Lived: The Mann Actp. 595
Democratic Party Progressivismp. 598
Further Readingp. 601
Key Termsp. 601
Online Sources Guidep. 601
Over There: The United States and the First World War 1914-1918p. 602
Wilson, the World, and Mexicop. 602
The Great Warp. 605
How They Lived: The Tin Lizziep. 611
America Goes to Warp. 612
Further Readingp. 617
Key Termsp. 618
Online Sources Guidep. 618
Over Here: World War I at Home 1917-1920p. 619
The Progressive Warp. 619
Social Changesp. 622
Conformity and Repressionp. 625
Wilson and the League of Nationsp. 628
How They Lived: "They Dropped Like Flies": The Great Flu Epidemicp. 628
Further Readingp. 634
Key Termsp. 635
Online Sources Guidep. 635
Troubled Years: America after the Great War 1919-1923p. 636
"The Worst President"p. 637
Postwar Tensions: Labor, Reds, Immigrantsp. 639
Racial Tensionsp. 642
How They Lived: The National Pastime Businessp. 645
Prohibition and Fundamentalismp. 646
Further Readingp. 649
Key Termsp. 650
Online Sources Guidep. 650
Calvin Coolidge and the New Era: When America Was Business 1923-1929p. 651
The Collidge Yearsp. 651
Prosperity and Business Culturep. 654
Get Rich Quickp. 659
How They Lived: Fads, Sensations, and Ballyhoop. 660
Further Readingp. 664
Key Termsp. 664
Online Sources Guidep. 664
Hard Times: The Great Depression 1930-1933p. 665
The Face of the Creaturep. 665
The Failure of the Old Orderp. 668
How They Lived: Weeknights at Eightp. 671
Responses to Hard Timesp. 672
The Election of 1932p. 676
Further Readingp. 677
Key Termsp. 678
Online Sources Guidep. 678
Rearranging America: FDR and the New Deal 1933-1938p. 679
The Pleasant Man Who Changed Americap. 679
The Hundred Daysp. 682
New Deal-Failures and Successesp. 685
How They Lived: Not Feeling Sorry for the Richp. 687
Populist Spellbindersp. 688
The Legacy of the New Dealp. 690
Further Readingp. 693
Key Termsp. 693
Online Sources Guidep. 694
The Second Great War: America and the World 1933-1942p. 695
New Deal Foreign Policyp. 695
The World Goes to Warp. 698
The United States and the Warp. 701
America Goes to Warp. 703
How They Lived: Rationing and Scrap Drivesp. 706
Further Readingp. 710
Key Termsp. 710
Online Sources Guidep. 710
World War II: The Pinnacle of Power 1942-1945p. 711
Stopping Japanp. 711
Defeating Germany Firstp. 716
The Twilight of Japan, the Nuclear Dawnp. 721
How They Lived: Amphibious Landingp. 722
Further Readingp. 726
Key Termsp. 727
Online Sources Guidep. 727
Cold War: The United States and the Nuclear Age 1946-1952p. 728
The Shadow of Cold Warp. 728
Domestic Politics Under Trumanp. 733
Success in Japan, Conflict With Chinap. 736
Years of Tensionp. 740
How They Lived: The Negro Leaguesp. 740
Further Readingp. 745
Key Termsp. 745
Online Sources Guidep. 746
"Happy Days": Popular Culture in the Fifties 1947-1963p. 747
Let the Good Times Rollp. 747
Suburbiap. 753
Dissentersp. 758
How They Lived: The World of Fashionp. 759
Further Readingp. 761
Key Termsp. 762
Online Sources Guidep. 762
Cold War and Civil Rights: The Eisenhower and Kennedy Years 1953-1963p. 763
The Middle of the Roadp. 763
How They Lived: Answer the Door, Somebody's Ringing the Bellp. 768
1960: Changing of the Guardp. 769
Kennedy Foreign Policyp. 771
Civil Rights: The Battle in the Courtsp. 773
Civil Rights: From the Courts to the Streetsp. 777
Further Readingp. 780
Key Termsp. 780
Online Sources Guidep. 781
Johnson's Great Society: Reform and Conflict 1961-1968p. 782
LBJp. 782
The Great Societyp. 784
Vietnam! Vietnam!p. 787
Mr. Johnson's Warp. 789
Troubled Yearsp. 790
How They Lived: The Drug Culturep. 792
The Election of 1968p. 795
Further Readingp. 798
Key Termsp. 799
Online Sources Guidep. 799
The Presidency in Crisis: The Nixon, Ford, and Carter Administrations 1968-1980p. 800
The Nixon Presidencyp. 800
Nixon and Vietnamp. 804
Nixon-Kissinger Foreign Policyp. 806
Watergate and Gerald Fordp. 808
How They Lived: Sex: From No-No to Everybody's Doing Itp. 810
Quiet Crisisp. 814
Further Readingp. 816
Key Termsp. 817
Online Sources Guidep. 817
Morning in America: The Age of Reagan 1980-1993p. 818
The Ayatollah and the Actorp. 818
The Reagan Revolutionp. 821
Foreign Policy in the Eightiesp. 824
The Bush Presidencyp. 827
Further Readingp. 832
Key Termsp. 832
Online Sources Guidep. 833
The Millennium Years: Decadence? Renewal? 1993-2006p. 834
Cultural Dissonancep. 835
Clinton and the Worldp. 838
Clintonian Americap. 841
Catastrophe, Renewal, Warp. 847
Further Readingp. 852
Key Termsp. 853
Online Sources Guidep. 853
Appendixp. 1
Key Termsp. 1
Photo Creditsp. 1
Indexp. 1
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