American Penology: A History of Control

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2010-01-30
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The purpose of American Penologyis to provide a story of punishments past, present, and likely future. The story begins in the 1600s, in the setting of colonial America, and ends in the present. As the story evolves through various historical and contemporary settings, Americas efforts to understand and control crime unfold. The context, ideas, practices, and consequences of various reforms in the ways crime is punished are described and examined.Though the books broader scope and purpose can be distinguished from prior efforts, it necessarily incorporates many contributions from this rich literature. While this enlarged second edition incorporates select descriptions and contingencies in relation to particular eras and punishment ideas and practices, it does not limit itself to individual "histories" of these eras. Instead, it uses history to frame and help explain particular punishment ideas and practices in relation to the period and context from which they evolved. The authors focus upon selected demographic, economic, political, religious, and intellectual contingencies that are associated with historical and contemporary eras to show how these contingencies shaped Americas punishment ideals and practices.In offering a new understanding of received notions of crime control in this edition, Blomberg and Lucken not only provide insights into the future of punishment, but also show how the larger culture of control extends beyond the field of criminology to have an impact on declining levels of democracy, freedom, and privacy.

Author Biography

Thomas G. Blomberg is dean and Sheldon L. Messinger Professor of Criminology, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Florida State University. He is the author, of numerous books and articles, including Punishment and Social Control and Juvenile Court and Community Corrections. Karol Lucken is professor at the Department of Criminal Justice, University of Central Florida, and author of numerous scholarly articles.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Conceptual Frameworkp. 1
Overview of Bookp. 4
Public Punishment in Colonial America (1600-1790)p. 11
Life in the Coloniesp. 12
Crime as Sinp. 14
Public and Corporal Punishmentp. 16
Church, Community, and Punishmentp. 22
Penal Code Reform in the Period of Transition (1790-1830)p. 25
Post-Revolutionary Americap. 26
Crime as Reasoned Behaviorp. 29
Punishment and Deterrencep. 32
Enlightenment, Free Will, and Incarcerationp. 40
Age of the Penitentiary in Nineteenth-Century America (1830-1870s)p. 41
Jacksonian America and Beyondp. 42
Crime as Moral Diseasep. 45
Promise of the Penitentiaryp. 48
The Penitentiary in Practicep. 53
Southern Justicep. 57
Urban Disenchantment, Moral Reform, and the Penitentiaryp. 59
Progressivism and Reformatory, Parole, and Probation (1880s-1920s)p. 61
Progressive Americap. 62
Crime and Positivismp. 68
Promise of Progressive Penologyp. 70
Progressive Penology in Practicep. 77
Progressivism and Individual Treatmentp. 83
Progressivism and the Juvenile Court (1900-1960s)p. 85
Juvenile Court as Progressive Ideologyp. 86
Promise of Juvenile Courtsp. 88
Juvenile Court in Practicep. 92
Juvenile Court: Advancing Individual Treatmentp. 99
Twentieth-Century Rehabilitative Ideal and "Correctional" System (1900-1960s)p. 101
Rehabilitative Ideal and Crime Causationp. 102
Growth and Refinement of the Correctional Systemp. 110
Uneven Progress and Correctional System Failurep. 118
Rehabilitative Ideal: Explain, Treat, and Eliminatep. 121
Prison Subcultures (1950s-l960s)p. 123
Prison Communityp. 124
Deprivation Modelp. 126
Importation Modelp. 130
Female Inmate Subculturesp. 133
Total Power and Institutional Controlp. 135
Living in Prisonp. 137
Prisoner Rights in the Age of Discontent (1960s-1970s)p. 141
Radicalism and Social Reformp. 142
Prisoner Rightsp. 147
Abolishing Capital Punishmentp. 159
Discovery of Prisoner Rightsp. 161
Decentralizing Corrections (1960s-1970s)p. 163
Labeling Theory: Justifying Decentralizationp. 164
Development of the Decentralization Movementp. 166
Goals and Practices of Decentralization Reformsp. 169
Decentralization: Not Less-Morep. 177
Conservatism and Law-and-Order Punishment (1980s-1990s)p. 179
Reversing Coursep. 180
Neo-Conservative Criminologyp. 184
Law-and-Order Punishmentp. 185
Consequences of Law-and-Order Punishmentp. 197
Punishment Bingep. 203
Penal System as Surrogate Institution for Special Populationsp. 207
Women and Mothersp. 208
Elderlyp. 216
Mentally Illp. 221
Inmates with AIDS and Tuberculosisp. 227
Prison as Nursery, Hospital, and Asylump. 233
Punishment in the Millennial Agep. 235
Postmodern Societyp. 236
Integrated Theories of Crimep. 237
"Anything Goes" Penal Strategiesp. 238
Blending Soft and Tough Punishmentp. 257
Conclusionp. 259
Past and Present Penal Practicesp. 259
Culture of Controlp. 265
Criminology and Public Policyp. 269
Individualism, Rights, and the Culture of Controlp. 271
Referencesp. 275
Indexp. 295
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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