American Poverty in a New Era of Reform

by Unknown
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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2014-11-21
  • Publisher: Routledge

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This new edition of American Poverty in a New Era of Reform provides a comprehensive examination of the extent, causes, effects, and costs of American poverty nearly ten years after the pasage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. The author includes the most current available demographic, budget, evaluation, and program data to evaluate the impact of this sweeping legislation on federal and state policies, as well as on poverty populations. This revised edition takes into account the economic slowdown that took place in 2001 through 2003. It examines the state decisions about how to implement PRWORA, and how changes have affected the poverty population and overall welfare system. The author identifies the positive implications of welfare reform along with problems that must be addressed. New features for this edition include an appendix of Internet sources and state-by-state tables of poverty rates.

Table of Contents

Tables and Figures vii
Preface xi
Acknowledgments xiii
Acronyms xv
1. Introduction: American Poverty 3(9)
2. How Many Americans Are Poor? 12(15)
3. The American Poor 27(30)
4. Why Are People Poor in America? 57(20)
5. The Evolution of Welfare: Ending Welfare as We Know It 77(30)
6. State Welfare Plans Under PRWORA 107(23)
7. After PRWORA: The American Welfare System 130(37)
8. The Impact of Welfare Reform 167(35)
9. Refining American Social Welfare Policy 202(15)
Appendix A. Internet Sources 217(2)
Appendix B. State Poverty Ranges 219(1)
Appendix C. Percentage of People Without Health Insurance Coverage 220(1)
Appendix D. Marriages and Divorces, 1950-2001 221(2)
References 223(18)
Index 241(12)
About the Author 253

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