The American Presidency: Origins and Development 1776 - 2007

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-07-16
  • Publisher: CQ PRESS
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Now in a new fifth edition, The American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776-2007&BAD:-winner of the Benjamin Franklin Award for History, Politics, and Philosophy&BAD:-examines both the constitutional precepts of the presidency and the social, economic, political, and international conditions that continue to shape it. Authors Sidney Milkis and Michael Nelson analyze the origins of the modern presidency and discuss the patterns of presidential conduct that developed during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and continue into the twenty-first. With careful consideration of every presidential administration, attention is focused more on how individual presidents shaped the institution, and less on the idiosyncrasies of their personalities. Unlike other texts on the presidency that divide executive politics into discrete topical chapters, The American Presidency integrates all aspects of the presidency into a dynamic whole and examines the variation of presidential relationships and roles from administration to administration. Students gain both an understanding of the office as it really exists and a solid historical foundation from which to better appreciate its evolution.Thoroughly updated, the fifth edition provides complete coverage of the George W. Bush administration, up to and including the 2004 and 2006 elections. The authors meticulously take into account new research on the presidency, while continuing to refine the writing and analysis of what has become a classic in the field.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
The Constitutional Conventionp. 1
Antecedentsp. 2
The Constitutional Conventionp. 8
Creating the Presidencyp. 26
The Making of the Presidency: An Overviewp. 26
Number of the Executivep. 29
Selection and Successionp. 31
Term of Officep. 34
Removalp. 35
Institutional Separation from Congressp. 38
Enumerated Powersp. 40
The Vice Presidencyp. 54
Ratifying the Constitutionp. 57
Implementing the Constitutional Presidency: George Washington and John Adamsp. 68
The Election of George Washingtonp. 68
Making the Presidency Safe for Democracyp. 71
Forming the Executive Branchp. 73
Presidential "Supremacy" and the Conduct of the Executive Branchp. 75
Presidential Nonpartisanship and the Beginning of Party Conflictp. 78
Washington's Retirement and the Jay Treaty: The Constitutional Crisis of 1796p. 84
The 1796 Electionp. 87
The Embattled Presidency of John Adamsp. 88
The Alien and Sedition Actsp. 91
The Triumph of Jeffersonianismp. 97
The "Revolution" of 1800p. 98
Jefferson's War with the Judiciaryp. 101
The Democratic-Republican Program and the Adjustment to Powerp. 102
The Limits of "Popular" Leadershipp. 106
The Twelfth Amendmentp. 107
Jefferson's Mixed Legacyp. 108
The Presidency of James Madison and the Rise of the House of Representativesp. 109
The Presidencies of James Monroe and John Quincy Adamsp. 112
The Age of Jacksonp. 121
Jacksonian Democracyp. 122
The Rise of the Party Conventionp. 125
Jackson's Struggle with Congressp. 125
The Aftermath of the Bank Vetop. 127
The Decline of the Cabinetp. 129
The Limits of the Jacksonian Presidencyp. 130
Martin Van Buren and the Panic of 1837p. 133
The Jacksonian Presidency Sustainedp. 134
John Tyler and the Problem of Presidential Successionp. 137
The Presidency of James K. Polkp. 140
The Slavery Controversy and the Twilight of the Jacksonian Presidencyp. 143
The Presidency of Abraham Lincolnp. 151
Lincoln and the Slavery Controversyp. 153
The Election of 1860p. 155
Lincoln and Secessionp. 157
Lincoln's Wartime Measuresp. 158
The Emancipation Proclamationp. 163
The Election of 1864p. 165
Lincoln's Legacyp. 168
The Reaction against Presidential Power: Andrew Johnson to William McKinleyp. 173
Reconstruction and the Assault on Executive Authorityp. 174
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnsonp. 178
Ulysses S. Grant and the Abdication of Executive Powerp. 180
The Fight to Restore Presidential Powerp. 185
Congressional Government and the Prelude to a More Active Presidencyp. 195
Progressive Politics and Executive Power: The Presidencies of Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taftp. 208
Theodore Roosevelt and the Expansion of Executive Powerp. 210
The Troubled Presidency of William Howard Taftp. 226
Woodrow Wilson and the Defense of Popular Leadershipp. 237
Woodrow Wilson's Theory of Executive Leadershipp. 239
Wilson and Party Reformp. 241
The Art of Popular Leadershipp. 242
Wilson's Relations with Congressp. 243
Wilson as World Leaderp. 247
The Triumph of Conservative Republicanismp. 258
The Harding Erap. 260
The "Silent" Politics of Calvin Coolidgep. 267
Herbert C. Hoover and the Great Depressionp. 271
The Twentieth Amendmentp. 275
The Consolidation of the Modern Presidency: Franklin D. Roosevelt to Dwight D. Eisenhowerp. 280
Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Modern Presidencyp. 281
The Modern Presidency Sustained: Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhowerp. 298
Personalizing the Presidency: John F. Kennedy to Jimmy Carterp. 323
John F. Kennedy and the Rise of the "Personal Presidency"p. 324
Lyndon B. Johnson and Presidential Governmentp. 331
The Twenty-fifth Amendmentp. 337
The Presidency of Richard Nixonp. 340
Gerald R. Ford and the Post-Watergate Erap. 352
A President Named Jimmyp. 355
A Restoration of Presidential Power? Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bushp. 366
The Reagan Revolutionp. 366
Reagan's Legacy and the Accession of George Bushp. 379
The Bush Presidencyp. 386
Bill Clinton and the Modern Presidencyp. 398
The Election of 1992p. 399
The First Year of the Clinton Presidencyp. 401
The 1994 Election and the Restoration of Divided Governmentp. 406
The Comeback Presidentp. 408
Balanced Budgets, Impeachment Politics, and the Limits of the "Third Way"p. 413
George W. Bush and Beyondp. 423
The 2000 Electionp. 424
Bush v. Gorep. 426
The Early Days of the Bush Presidencyp. 428
September 11 and the War on Terrorismp. 431
An Expanded Presidencyp. 433
Bush and the Republican Partyp. 437
The Modern Presidency in the Twenty-first Centuryp. 441
The Vice Presidencyp. 451
The Founding Periodp. 452
The Vice Presidency in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 455
Theodore Roosevelt to Harry S. Trumanp. 458
The Modern Vice Presidencyp. 461
Conclusionp. 474
Appendixp. 479
Constitution of the United Statesp. 481
U.S. Presidents and Vice Presidentsp. 500
Summary of Presidential Elections, 1789-2004p. 503
Indexp. 513
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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