The American Promise, Volume B A History of the United States: To 1800-1900

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-01-09
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
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The American Promiseappeals to all types of students and provides the right resources and tools to support any classroom environment. A clear political framework supports a vibrant social and cultural story that embraces the voices of hundreds of Americans from presidents to pipefitters and sharecroppers to suffragettes who help students connect with history and grasp important concepts. Now in its fifth edition, The American Promisedoes even more to increase historical analysis skills and facilitate active learning, and its robust array of multimedia supplements make it the perfect choice for traditional face-to-face classrooms, hybrid courses, and distance learning.

Author Biography

Born in Eunice, Louisiana, and raised in the West, James L. Roark received his B.A. from the University of California, Davis, and his Ph.D. from Stanford University. His dissertation won the Allan Nevins Prize. Since 1983, he has taught at Emory University, where he is Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of American History. In 1993, he received the Emory Williams Distinguished Teaching Award, and in 2001–2002 he was Pitt Professor of American Institutions at Cambridge University. He has written Masters without Slaves: Southern Planters in the Civil War and Reconstruction (1977). With Michael P. Johnson, he is author of Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South (1984) and editor of No Chariot Let Down: Charleston’s Free People of Color on the Eve of the Civil War (1984).
Born and raised in Ponca City, Oklahoma, Michael P. Johnson studied at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois, where he received a B.A., and at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, where he earned  his Ph.D.  He is currently professor of history at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He is the author, co-author, or editor of six books, including Reading the American Past, the documents reader designed to accompany The American Promise.  His research has been honored with fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanties, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavoral Sciences, and the Huntington Library, and with prizes from the Organization of American Historians and the Omohundro Insttute of Early American History and Culture.  He is also the recipient of university prizes for outstanding undergraduate teaching.
Born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and raised in Palo Alto, California, Patricia Cline Cohen earned a B.A. at the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1976, she joined the history faculty at the University of California, Santa Barbara. In 2005–2006 she received the university’s Distinguished Teaching Award. Cohen has written A Calculating People: The Spread of Numeracy in Early America (1982; reissued 1999) and The Murder of Helen Jewett: The Life and Death of a Prostitute in Nineteenth-Century New York (1998). She is coauthor of The Flash Press: Sporting Male Weeklies in 1840s New York (2008). In 2001–2002 she was the Distinguished Senior Mellon Fellow at the American Antiquarian Society.
Sarah Stage was born in Davenport, Iowa, and received a B.A. from the University of Iowa and a Ph.D. in American Studies from Yale University. She has taught U.S. history for more than twenty-five years at Williams College and the University of California, Riverside. Currently she is professor of Women’s Studies at Arizona State University at the West campus in Phoenix. Her books include Female Complaints: Lydia Pinkham and the Business of Women’s Medicine (1979) and Rethinking Home Economics: Women and the History of a Profession (1997). She recently returned from China where she had an appointment as visiting scholar at Peking University and Sichuan University.
Susan M. Hartmann received her B.A. from Washington University and her Ph.D. from the University of Missouri. A specialist in modern U.S. history and women’s history, she has published many articles and four books: Truman and the 80th Congress (1971); The Home Front and Beyond: American Women in the 1940s (1982); From Margin to Mainstream: American Women and Politics since 1960 (1989); and The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment (1998). She is currently Arts and Humanities Distinguished Professor of History at Ohio State University and recently was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Table of Contents

10. Republicans in Power, 1800-1824

Jefferson's Presidency

     Turbulent Times: Election and Rebellion

     The Jeffersonian Vision of Republican Simplicity

     Dangers Overseas: The Barbary Wars

Opportunities and Challenges in the West

     The Louisiana Purchase

     The Lewis and Clark Expedition

     Osage and Comanche Indians

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "Cultural Exchange on the Lewis and Clark Trail"

Jefferson, the Madisons, and the War of 1812

     Impressment and Embargo

     Dolley Madison and Social Politics

     Tecumseh and Tippecanoe

     The War of 1812

     Washington City Burns: The British Offensive

Women's Status in the Early Republic

     Women and the Law

     Women and Church Governance

     Female Education

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "One Woman's Quest to Provide Higher Education for Women"

Monroe and Adams

     From Property to Democracy

     The Missouri Compromise

     The Monroe Doctrine

     The Election of 1824

     The Adams Administration

Conclusion: Republican Simplicity Becomes Complex


11. The Expanding Republic, 1815-1840

The Market Revolution

     Improvements in Transportation

     Factories, Workingwomen, and Wage Labor

     Bankers and Lawyers

     Booms and Busts

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Mill Girls Stand Up to Factory Owners, 1834"

The Spread of Democracy

     Popular Politics and Partisan Identity

     The Election of 1828 and the Character Issue

     Jackson's Democratic Agenda

Jackson Defines the Democratic Party

     Indian Policy and the Trail of Tears

     The Tariff of Abominations and Nullification

     The Bank War and Economic Boom

Cultural Shifts, Religion, and Reform

     The Family and Separate Spheres

     The Education and Training of Youths

     The Second Great Awakening

     The Temperance Movement and the Campaign for Moral Reform

     Organizing against Slavery

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Transatlantic Abolition"

Van Buren's One-Term Presidency

     The Politics of Slavery

     Elections and Panics

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Going Ahead or Gone to Smash: An Entrepreneur Struggles in the 1830s"

Conclusion: The Age of Jackson or the Era of Reform?


12. The New West and the Free North, 1840-1860

Economic and Industrial Evolution

     Agriculture and Land Policy

     Manufacturing and Mechanization

     Railroads: Breaking the Bonds of Nature

Free Labor: Promise and Reality

     The Free-Labor Ideal

     Economic Inequality

     Immigrants and the Free-Labor Ladder

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Path of Progress"

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Global Prosperity in the 1850s"

The Westward Movement

     Manifest Destiny

     Oregon and the Overland Trail

     The Mormon Exodus

     The Mexican Borderlands

Expansion and the Mexican-American War

     The Politics of Expansion

     The Mexican-American War, 1846-1848

     Victory in Mexico

     Golden California

Reforming Self and Society

     The Pursuit of Perfection: Transcendentalists and Utopians

     Woman's Rights Activists

     Abolitionists and the American Ideal

Conclusion: Free Labor, Free Men


13. The Slave South, 1820-1860

The Growing Distinctiveness of the South

     Cotton Kingdom, Slave Empire

     The South in Black and White

     The Plantation Economy


Masters and Mistresses in the Big House

     Paternalism and Male Honor

     The Southern Lady and Feminine Virtues

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "How Often Were Slaves Whipped?"

Slaves in the Quarter


     Family and Religion

     Resistance and Rebellion

The Plain Folk

     Plantation Belt Yeomen

     Upcountry Yeomen

     Poor Whites

     The Culture of the Plain Folk

Black and Free: On the Middle Ground

     Precarious Freedom

     Achievement despite Restrictions

The Politics of Slavery

     The Democratization of the Political Arena

     Planter Power

Conclusion: A Slave Society


14. The House Divided, 1846-1861

The Bitter Fruits of War

     The Wilmot Proviso and the Expansion of Slavery

     The Election of 1848

     Debate and Compromise

The Sectional Balance Undone

     The Fugitive Slave Act

     Uncle Tom's Cabin

     The Kansas-Nebraska Act

Realignment of the Party System

     The Old Parties: Whigs and Democrats

     The New Parties: Know-Nothings and Republicans

     The Election of 1856

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Filibusters: The Underside of Manifest Destiny"

Freedom under Siege

     "Bleeding Kansas"

     The Dred Scott Decision

     Prairie Republican: Abraham Lincoln

     The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "A Purse of Her Own: Petitioning for the Right to Own Propert"

The Union Collapses

     The Aftermath of John Brown's Raid

     Republican Victory in 1860

     Secession Winter

Conclusion: Slavery, Free Labor, and the Failure of Political Compromise


15. The Crucible of War, 1861-1865

"And the War Came"

     Attack on Fort Sumter

     The Upper South Chooses Sides

The Combatants

     How They Expected to Win

     Lincoln and Davis Mobilize

Battling It Out, 1861-1862

     Stalemate in the Eastern Theater

     Union Victories in the Western Theater

     The Atlantic Theater

     International Diplomacy

Union and Freedom

     From Slaves to Contraband

     From Contraband to Free People

     The War of Black Liberation

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Right to Fight: Black Soldiers in the Civil War"

The South at War

     Revolution from Above

     Hardship Below

     The Disintegration of Slavery

The North at War

     The Government and the Economy

     Women and Work at Home and at War

     Politics and Dissent

Grinding Out Victory, 1863-1865

     Vicksburg and Gettysburg

     Grant Takes Command

     The Election of 1864

     The Confederacy Collapses

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Why Did So Many Soldiers Die?"

Conclusion: The Second American Revolution


16. Reconstruction, 1863-1877

Wartime Reconstruction

     "To Bind Up the Nation's Wounds"

     Land and Labor

     The African American Quest for Autonomy


Presidential Reconstruction

     Johnson's Program of Reconciliation

     White Southern Resistance and Black Codes

     Expansion of Federal Authority and Black Rights

Congressional Reconstruction

     The Fourteenth Amendment and Escalating Violence

     Radical Reconstruction and Military Rule

     Impeaching a President

     The Fifteenth Amendment and Women's Demands

The Struggle in the South

     Freedmen, Yankees, and Yeomen

     Republican Rule

     White Landlords, Black Sharecroppers

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "What Did the Ku Klux Klan Really Want?"

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "A Post-Slavery Encounter"

Reconstruction Collapses

     Grant's Troubled Presidency

     Northern Resolve Withers

     White Supremacy Triumphs

     An Election and a Compromise

Conclusion: "A Revolution But Half Accomplished"


17. The Contested West, 1865-1900

Conquest and Empire in the West

     Indian Removal and the Reservation System

     The Decimation of the Great Bison Herds

     Indian Wars and the Collapse of Comancher’a

     The Fight for the Black Hills

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Imperialism, Colonialism, and the Treatment of the Sioux and the Zulu"

Forced Assimilation and Resistance Strategies

     Indian Schools and the War against Indian Culture

     The Dawes Act and Indian Land Allotment

     Indian Resistance and Survival

Gold Fever and the Mining West

     Mining on the Comstock Lode

     The Diverse Peoples of the West

     Territorial Government

Land Fever

     Moving West: Homesteaders and Speculators

     Ranchers and Cowboys

     Tenants, Sharecroppers, and Migrants

     Commercial Farming and Industrial Cowboys

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Young Women Homesteaders and the Promise of the West"

Conclusion: The West in the Gilded Age


18. Business and Politics in the Gilded Age, 1865-1900

Old Industries Transformed, New Industries Born

     Railroads: America's First Big Business

     Andrew Carnegie, Steel, and Vertical Integration

     John D. Rockefeller, Standard Oil, and the Trust

     New Inventions: The Telephone and Electricity

VISUALIZING HISTORY: "The Vanderbilts and the Gilded Age"

From Competition to Consolidation

     J. P. Morgan and Finance Capitalism

     Social Darwinism, Laissez-Faire, and the Supreme Court

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Social Darwinism: Did Wealthy Industrialists Practice What They Preached?"

Politics and Culture

     Political Participation and Party Loyalty

     Sectionalism and the New South

     Gender, Race, and Politics

     Women's Activism

Presidential Politics

     Corruption and Party Strife

     Garfield's Assassination and Civil Service Reform

     Reform and Scandal: The Campaign of 1884

Economic Issues and Party Realignment

     The Tariff and the Politics of Protection

     Railroads, Trusts, and the Federal Government

     The Fight for Free Silver

     Panic and Depression

Conclusion: Business Dominates an Era


19. The City and Its Workers, 1870-1900

The Rise of the City

     The Urban Explosion: A Global Migration

     Racism and the Cry for Immigration Restriction

     The Social Geography of the City

SEEKING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "Seeking Refuge: Russian Jews Escape the Pogroms"

At Work in Industrial America

     America's Diverse Workers

     The Family Economy: Women and Children

     White-Collar Workers: Managers, "Typewriters," and Salesclerks

Workers Organize

     The Great Railroad Strike of 1877

     The Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor

     Haymarket and the Specter of Labor Radicalism

At Home and at Play

     Domesticity and "Domestics"

     Cheap Amusements

City Growth and City Government

     Building Cities of Stone and Steel

     City Government and the "Bosses"

     White City or City of Sin?

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "The World's Columbian Exposition and Nineteenth-Century World's Fairs"

Conclusion: Who Built the Cities?


20. Dissent, Depression, and War, 1890-1900

The Farmers' Revolt

     The Farmers' Alliance

     The Populist Movement

The Labor Wars

     The Homestead Lockout

     The Cripple Creek Miners' Strike of 1894

     Eugene V. Debs and the Pullman Strike

DOCUMENTING THE AMERICAN PROMISE: "The Press and the Pullman Strike: Framing Class Conflict"

Women's Activism

     Frances Willard and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union

     Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and the Movement for Woman Suffrage

Depression Politics

     Coxey's Army

     The People's Party and the Election of 1896

The United States and the World

     Markets and Missionaries

     The Monroe Doctrine and the Open Door Policy

     "A Splendid Little War"

     The Debate over American Imperialism

BEYOND AMERICA'S BORDERS: "Regime Change in Hawai'i"

HISTORICAL QUESTION: "Did Terrorists Sink the Maine?"

Conclusion: Rallying around the Flag

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