The American School: From the Puritans to No Child Left Behind

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-11-01
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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This current, comprehensive history of American education is designed to stimulate critical analysis and critical thinking by offering alternative interpretations of each historical period. The point of view taken by this text emphasizes 1) the role of multiculturalism and cultural domination in shaping U.S. schools, 2) the position of the school as one of many institutions that manage the distribution of ideas in society, 3) racism as a central issue in U.S. history and U.S. educational history, and 4) economic issues as an important factor in understanding the evolution of U.S. schools.

Table of Contents

List of Time Lines
Thinking Critically about History: Ideological Management, Culture Wars, and Consumerismp. 1
Reasons for studying American School Historyp. 1
My Perspective on Educational Historyp. 3
Culture and Religion as a Central Themes in Educational Historyp. 4
Schools as One Form of Ideological Managementp. 5
The Role of Racismp. 6
Economic Goalsp. 7
Consumerism and Environmental Educationp. 8
Religion and Authority in Colonial Educationp. 10
The Role of Education in Colonial Societyp. 11
Authority and Social Status in Colonial New Englandp. 13
Colonialism and Educational Policyp. 20
Language and Cultural Dominationp. 21
Native Americans: Education as Cultural Imperialismp. 23
Enslaved Africans: Atlantic Creolesp. 28
Enslaved Africans: The Plantation Systemp. 28
The Idea of Secular Education: Freedom of Thought and the Establishment of Academiesp. 30
Benjamin Franklin and Education as Social Mobilityp. 34
The Family and the Childp. 37
Conclusionp. 42
Nationalism, Multiculturalism, and Moral Reform in the New Republicp. 46
Noah Webster: Nationalism and the Creation of a Dominant Culturep. 51
Thomas Jefferson: A Natural Aristocracyp. 54
Moral Reform and Faculty Psychologyp. 57
Concepts of Childhood: Protected, Working, Poor, Rural, and Enslavedp. 59
Charity Schools, the Lancasterian System, and Prisonsp. 60
Institutional Change and the American Collegep. 66
Public versus Private Schoolsp. 72
Conclusion: Continuing Issues in American Educationp. 73
The Ideology and Politics of the Common Schoolp. 78
Three Distinctive Features of the Common School Movementp. 79
Workingmen and the Struggle for a Republican Educationp. 89
The Whigs and the Democratsp. 92
The Birth of the High Schoolp. 96
The Continuing Debate about the Common School Idealp. 97
Conclusionp. 102
The Common School and the Threat of Cultural Pluralismp. 106
The Increasing Multicultural Population of the United Statesp. 107
Irish Catholics: A Threat to Anglo-American Schools and Culturep. 110
Slavery and Freedom in the North: African Americans and Schools in the New Republicp. 115
Native Americansp. 122
Conclusionp. 136
Organizing the American School: The Nineteenth-Century Schoolmarmp. 141
The American Teacherp. 143
The Maternal Model of Instructionp. 152
The Evolution of the Bureaucratic Modelp. 157
McGuffey's Readers and the Spirit of Capitalismp. 164
Female Teachers Civilize the Westp. 169
Conclusionp. 172
Multiculturalism and the Failure of the Common School Idealp. 175
Mexican Americans: Race and Citizenshipp. 175
Asian Americans: Exclusion and Segregationp. 182
Native American Citizenshipp. 189
Citizenship for African Americansp. 196
Issues Regarding Puerto Rican Citizenshipp. 203
Puerto Rican American Educational Issuesp. 205
Conclusion: Setting the Stage for the Great Civil Rights Movementp. 209
Growth of the Welfare Function of Schools: School Showers, Kindergarten, Playgrounds, Home Economics, Social Centers, and Cultural Conflictp. 213
Immigration from Southern and Eastern Europep. 214
Integrated Time Linep. 217
The Kindergarten Movementp. 218
Home Economics: Education of the New Consumer Womanp. 220
School Cafeterias, the American Cuisine, and Processed Foodsp. 224
The Play Movementp. 228
Summer Schoolp. 229
Social Centersp. 230
The New Culture Warsp. 232
Resisting Segregation: African Americansp. 234
The Second Crusade for Black Educationp. 236
Resisting Segregation: Mexican Americansp. 237
Native American Boarding Schoolsp. 241
Resisting Discrimination: Asian Americansp. 243
Educational Resistance in Puerto Ricop. 244
Conclusion: Public Schooling As America's Welfare Institutionp. 246
The School and the Workplace: High School, Junior High School, and Vocational Guidance and Educationp. 252
The High Schoolp. 253
Vocational Education, Vocational Guidance, and the Junior High Schoolp. 264
Public Benefit or Corporate Greed?p. 272
Adapting the Classroom to the Workplace: Herbart, Dewey, and Thorndikep. 280
Conclusion: The Meaning of Equality of Opportunityp. 290
Meritocracy: The Experts Take Chargep. 295
Meritocracy and Efficient Managementp. 297
Measurement, Democracy, and the Superiority of Anglo-Americansp. 306
Closing the Door to Immigrants: The 1924 Immigration Actp. 312
"Backward" Children and Special Classroomsp. 313
Eugenics and the Age of Sterilizationp. 315
The University and Meritocracyp. 316
Conclusionp. 324
Integrated Time Linep. 325
The Politics of Knowledge: Teachers' Unions, the American Legion, and the American Wayp. 329
Keep the Schools Out of Politics: The Politics of Educationp. 329
The Politics of Professionalism: Teachers versus Administratorsp. 331
The Rise of the National Education Associationp. 335
The Political Changes of the Depression Yearsp. 338
The Politics of Ideological Management: The American Legionp. 345
Selling the "American Way" in Schools and on Billboardsp. 347
Conclusionp. 354
Schools, Media, and Popular Culture: Influencing the Minds of Children and Teenagersp. 358
Educators and the Moviesp. 360
Should Commercial Radio or Educators Determine National Culture?p. 367
Creating the Super Hero for Children's Radiop. 372
Controlling the Influence of Comic Booksp. 376
Educating Children as Consumersp. 378
The Creation of Teenage Marketsp. 380
Children and Youth from the 1950s to the 21st Centuryp. 382
Conclusionp. 384
Education and National Policyp. 389
The Cold War and National Educational Policyp. 391
Meritocracy and The Big Testp. 396
Ideological Management: Anticommunismp. 398
Back to the Basics: Scholars and Conservatives Take Chargep. 399
The National Defense Education Actp. 402
The War on Povertyp. 404
Children's Television Workshop and Sesame Streetp. 409
Conclusionp. 417
The Great Civil Rights Movement, The New Immigration, and the New Culture Warsp. 421
School Desegregationp. 422
The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.p. 425
Native Americansp. 427
Asian Americans: Educating the "Model Minority"p. 431
Hispanic/Latino Americansp. 435
Bilingual Education: The Culture Wars Continuedp. 437
The Immigration Act of 1965 and the New American Populationp. 440
Multicultural Education, Immigration, and the Culture Warsp. 442
Schools and the Women's Movementp. 446
Children with Special Needsp. 447
The Coloring of Textbook Townp. 449
Liberating the Textbook Town Housewife for More Consumptionp. 453
Conclusion: The Cold War and Civil Rightsp. 454
Education in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 459
The Religious Right and School Prayerp. 459
Environmental Education: The Radical Paradigmp. 460
The Nixon Administration and the Conservative Reactionp. 465
Accountability and the Increasing Power of the Standardized Testp. 468
The Reagan, Bush, and Clinton Years: National Standards, Choice, and Savage Inequalitiesp. 470
The End of the Common School: Choice, Privatization, and Charter Schoolsp. 474
The Commercialization of Schools and Education for Consumptionp. 479
Textbooks: Environmentalism as the New Enemyp. 486
No Child Left Behind: Fulfillment of the American Educational Dream?p. 487
Conclusionp. 490
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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