America's Musical Landscape

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-09-18
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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America's Musical Landscapeaddresses the broad range of music in the United States from early periods to today. This comprehensive yet accessible text offers an elegant and readable introduction to the fundamentals of music, assuming no prior music experience for the student. Frequent connections to other arts, particularly the visual arts, add to the book's appeal and enhance understanding of core musical concepts. The sixth edition emphasizes vernacular over classical music and recent examples over early music, while offering generous coverage of the complete American musical landscape.

Table of Contents

Listening Examples

Online Listening Examples



Prelude: Basic Properties of Musical Sound

The Elements of Music







Music Notation

Elements of an American Sound

How to Improve Your Listening Skills

Listening Example 1. trad.: "John Henry"

Terms to Review

Critical Thinking

Part 1. Music in Early North America

The Early Years: Historical and Cultural Perspective

The Beginnings of Music in America

Native Americans

European Emigrants

Puritan Society

The African Experience in Early America

Revolution, in Classical Style

Painting in Eighteenth-Century America

Chapter 1. North American Indian Music




Listening Example 2. Yeibichai Chant Song (excerpt)

Sioux Grass Dance

Listening Example 3. Sioux Grass Dance (excerpt)

Sound Instruments

Contemporary Indian Song

Professional Musicians

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 2. Early Folk Music

Spanish Traditions



Listening Example 4: Anonymous, "El corrido de Gregorio Cortez"

British Traditions

Folk Ballads

Listening Example 5: Anonymous, "Barbara Allen"

Early American Folk Music

Listening Example 6: Anonymous, "Shenandoah"

African Traditions

Field Hollers

Ring Shouts

Listening Example 7: Field Holler

Listening Example 8: Father's Field Call

Listening Example 9:Jesse Bradley, "Hammer, Ring" (excerpt)

Freedom Songs<4>Musical Instruments

Listening Example 10: "No More Auction Block for Me"

What of African Music Survives Today?

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 3. Religious Music in the Colonial, Revolutionary, and Federal Periods

Music at the Spanish Missions

Psalm Tunes


Listening Example 11. Louis Bourgeois, "Old Hundred" (excerpt)

Other Protestant Music

Listening Example 12. Joseph Brackett, Jr., "'Tis the Gift to Be Simple"

German-Speaking Protestant Sects

The Great Awakening

Early Efforts at Musical Reform

The Singing School Movement

William Billings (1746-1800)

Listening Example 13. William Billings, "Chester"


Listening Example 14. William Billings, "When Jesus Wept"

Fuging Tunes

Listening Example 15. Daniel Read, "Sherburne"

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 4. Secular Music in the Colonial, Revolutionary, and Federal Periods

Music in Everyday Experience

Prestigious Musical Amateurs

Early American Theater

Early Bands

Listening Example 16: Anonymous, "Yankee Doodle" (excerpt)

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Part 1 Summary

Part 2. The Tumultuous Nineteenth Century

Romanticism in America: Historical and Cultural Perspective

The Emergence of Characteristically American Art


The Unknown

Love of Nature

Fusion of the Arts

The Civil War Era


Chapter 5. Religious Music in the Early Nineteenth Century

The Great Revival

Shape-Note Notation

Spiritual Songs

"Amazing Grace"

Black Spirituals

Listening Example 17: James Macdermid. "There'll Be Joy, Joy, Joy" (excerpt)

Listening Example 18: Anonymous, "Amazing Grace"

Listening Example 19: Anonymous, "Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen" (excerpt)

Spirituals As Concert Music

Singing Conventions

Further Movements to Reform Music

Lowell Mason

Listening Example 20: Lowell Mason, "Nearer, My God, to Thee"

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 6. Popular Music of the Civil War Era


Listening Example 21: Daniel Decatur Emmett, "I Wish I Was in Dixie's Land"

James A. Bland (1854-1911)

The Heritage of Minstrelsy

Stephen Foster (1826-1864)

Listening Example 22: Stephen Foster, "I Dream of Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair"

Listening Example 23: Stephen Foster, "Oh! Susanna"

Patriotic Songs

Listening Example 24: John Stafford Smith, "The Anacreontick Song"

Civil War Songs

Singing Families

Listening Example 25: Anonymous, "Get Off the Track"

Concert Bands

Patrick Sarsfield Gilmore (1829-1892)

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 7. Concert Music

Orchestral Music

Theodore Thomas (1835-1905)

Romantic Virtuosos

Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829-1869)

Piano Music

Listening Example 26: Louis Moreau Gottschalk, "Le bananier"

Rise of Nationalism in Music

Second New England School

John Knowles Paine (1839-1906)

Listening Example 27: John Knowles Paine, Fuga giocosa, op. 41, no. 3

Amy Marcy Cheney Beach (1867-1944)

Listening Example 28: Amy Marcy Cheney Beach, Symphony in E minor (Gaelic), 2nd movement

Edward MacDowell (1860-1908)

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

PART 2 Summary

PART 3. The Growth of Vernacular Traditions

Music in the Vernacular: Historical and Cultural Perspective

Vernacular Art and Literature

Vernacular Music

Chapter 8. The Rise of Popular Culture

John Philip Sousa (1854-1932)


Listening Example 29. John Philip Sousa, "The Stars and Stripes Forever"


Scott Joplin (1868-1917)

Listening Example 30. Scott Joplin, "Maple Leaf Rag"

Influence of Ragtime

Tin Pan Alley

The Songs

Barbershop Singing

Listening Example 31. George M. Cohan, "Rose" ("A Ring to the Name of Rose")

Irving 32. Irving Berlin, "Alexander's Ragtime Band"

Jerome Kern (1885-1945)

Cole Porter (1892-1964)

Listening Example 33. Cole Porter, "Night and Day"

George Gershwin (1898-1937)

Decline of Tin Pan Alley

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 9. The Jazz Age


Rural or Country Blues

Listening Example 34. Robert Johnson, "Hellhound on My Trail"

Classic Blues

Listening Example 35. Bessie Smith, "Lost Your Head Blues"

Urban Blues

Listening Example 36. W. C. Handy, St. Louis Blues

New Orleans Jazz

Louis Armstrong (1901-1971)

Listening Example 37. Lillian Hardin Armstrong, "Hotter Than That" (excerpt)

Chicago Jazz

Jazz Piano


Stride Piano

Listening Example 38. James P. Johnson, "Carolina Shout"

Sweet Jazz

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 10. Jazz 1930-1960

Big Band Swing

Art of Arranging

Listening Example 39. Count Basie, Lester Young, arr., "Taxi War Dance" (excerpt)

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (1899-1974)

Listening Example 40. Duke Ellington, Mood Indigo

Women in Jazz

Rise of Big Band Vocalists

Billie Holiday (1915-1959)


Charlie "Bird" Parker (1920-1955)

John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (1917-1993)

Listening Example 42. Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, "KoKo"

Jazz As Concert Music

Jazz Composition

Listening Example 42. Duke Ellington, Concerto for Cootie

Progressive Jazz

Listening Example 43. Paul Desmond, "Take Five" (excerpt)

Cool Jazz

Listening Example 44. Miles Davis, "Boplicity"

Hard Bop

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 11. Country Music

From Country to City

Jimmie Rodgers (1897-1933)

Listening Example 45. Jimmie Rodgers, Blue Yodel No. 9

The Carter Family

Styles of Country Music

American Folk Ballads

Listening Example 46. Anonymous, "The Ballad of Casey Jones"


Listening Example 47. Earl Scruggs, "Earl's Breakdown"

Country Pop and the Nashville Sound

Western Swing


Cowboy Songs

Hawaiian Music

Listening Example 48: Danny Ku, "Mele of My Tutu E"

Cajun Music

Listening Example 49. Anonymous, Cajun Two-Step (excerpt)


Women in Country

Recent Country

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 12. Latin Popular Musics

The Caribbean

Santeria: The Way of the Saints






Listening Example 50. Ruben Blades and Willie Colon, "Ojos" (Eyes)


Samba and Bossa Nova

Listening Example 51. Antonio Carlos Jobim, "Desafinado" ("Off Key")


Tejano and Norteño Music



Latin Music Today

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Part 3 Summary

Part 4. Vernacular Musics Since Rock and Roll

Vernacular Art

Vernacular Music

Chapter 13. Rock and Roll

The Generation Gap

Rhythm and Blues

Country Music Meets R&B

Birth of Rock and Roll

Bill Haley (1925-1981)

Elvis Presley (1935-1977)

Early Characteristics

Listening Example 52. Chuck Berry, "School Days"

End of the First Era

Surfing Music


Listening Example 53. The Supremes, "Stop! In the Name of Love"

The British Invasion

Back to Black Rock


Listening Example 54. Sister Rosetta Tharpe: "Down by the Riverside"


Listening Example 55. James Brown, "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag"


From Rock and Roll to Rock

Psychedelic Rock

Psychedelic Blues

Heavy Metal

A Future Unassured

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 14. Rock Flirts with Country

Urban Folk Music

Woody Guthrie (1914-1967)

The Urban Folk Revival

Bob Dylan (1941- )

Folk Rock

Listening Example 56. Bob Dylan, "Mr. Tambourine Man"

Newport Folk Festival, 1965

Alternative Country

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 15. Jazz Since 1960

Free Jazz

Listening Example 57. John Coltrane, "A Love Supreme," Part I, "Acknowledgement" (excerpt)

The 1970s

Fusion (Jazz-Rock)

Integration of Foreign Sounds

The 1980s and Beyond

Crossover Music


The 1990s and Beyond

Henry Threadgill (b. 1944)

Anthony Braxton (b. 1945)

Wynton Marsalis (b. 1961)

Jazz Today and Tomorrow

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 16. Popular Music since 1970


Art Rock



New Wave


Electronic Dance Music

Pop Music and Politics

Looking Forward, Backward, and Abroad

Hip-Hop and Rap


The Rise of Hip-Hop


Listening Example 58. "Rapper's Delight" (excerpt)

Social Concerns

Back to the Roots

Music Business

Sharing Music

Marketing Music

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Part 4 Summary

Part 5 Music for Theater and Film

Music and Theater: Historical and Cultural Perspective

Musical Theater in America

Broadway Musicals



Chapter 17 Musical Theater

Variety Shows





Gilbert and Sullivan

American Operettas

Musical Comedies

George M. Cohan (1878-1942)

Listening Example 59. George M. Cohan, "Give My Regards to Broadway" (from Little Johnny Jones)

Black Musical Theater

Jerome Kern's Show Boat

Listening Example 60: Jerome Kern, "Ol' Man River" (from Show Boat)

Golden Age of Broadway Musicals (1930-1955)

Rodgers and Hart

Rodgers and Hammerstein

Expansion of the Broadway Musical

Lerner and Loewe

Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990)

Listening Example 61: Leonard Bernstein, "Tonight" (from Westside Story)

Stephen Sondheim (b. 1930)

Listening Example 62. Stephen Sondheim, "Every Day a Little Death" (from A Little Night Music)

More Black Musicals

The Music of Musicals

Current Trends

From Film to Broadway

Effects Other than Music

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 18. Music for Films

Functions of Music in Film

Source Versus Functional Music

History of Music in Films

Silent Films

Early Sound Films

The Hollywood Sound

Bernard Herrmann (1911-1975)

Listening Example 63: Bernard Herrmann, "The Murder" (from Psycho)

John Williams (b. 1932)

Listening Example 64. John Williams, Star Wars Main Title

Pop Scores

Electronic Music

Movie Musicals Revived

Current Trends

The Composer's Perspective


Film Score Performances and Recordings

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 19. American Opera


Solo and Ensemble Singing

Opera in America

Virgil Thomson (1896-1989)

George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess

Listening Example 65: George Gershwin, "Bess, You Is My Woman Now" (from Porgy and Bess)

Gian-Carlo Menotti (1911-2007)

The Trend toward Realism

Listening Example 66: Philip Glass, "Spaceship" (from Einstein on the Beach)

Opera or Musical: Which Is It?

American Opera Today

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Part 5 Summary

Part 6 Tradition and Innovation in Concert Music

Music for the Concert Hall: Historical and Cultural Perspective

Interaction between the Arts

The Value of Chance

American Concert Music

Chapter 20. Experimental Music: Revolution

Charles Ives (1874-1954)

Philosophy of Music

Instrumental Compositions

Listening Example 67. Charles Ives, "General Putnam's Camp" from Three Places in New England


Listening Example 68. Charles Ives, "At the River"

Other Characteristics of Ives's Music

Ives's Place in History

Henry Cowell (1897-1965)

Early Compositions

Piano Experiments

Listening Example 69. Henry Cowell, "The Banshee" (excerpt)

Sources of Inspiration


Concrete Music

John Cage (1912-1992)

Gamelan Music

Listening Example 70: Anonymous, Gamelan Gong Kebjar: "Hudjan Mas" (Golden Rain) (excerpt)

Prepared Piano

Listening Example 71: John Cage, Sonata V (from Sonatas and Interludes for Prepared Piano)

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Online Listening Examples

Critical Thinking

Chapter 21 Early Twentieth-Century Mainstream Concert Music: Evolution

The Parisian Scene

Aaron Copland (1900-1990)

Depression and War Years

Listening Example 72. Aaron Copland, Fanfare for the Common Man

Music for Dance

Listening Example 73. Aaron Copland, "Hoedown" (from Rodeo)

Later Works

Samuel Barber (1910-1981)

Listening Example 74. Samuel Barber, Adagio for Strings

Harlem Renaissance

William Grand Still (1895-1978)

Listening Example 75. William Grant Still, Afro-American Symphony, third movement ("Humor")

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 22. The Avant-Garde, Continued

Rhythm and Timbre

Harry Partch (1901-1974)

Tape Music and the Electronic Synthesizer

Milton Babbitt (b. 1916)

Listening Example 76. Milton Babbitt, "Ensembles for Synthesizer" (excerpt)

John Cage and Chance Music


Other Composers of Chance Music


Pauline Oliveros (b.1932)

Listening Example 77. Pauline Oliveros, "Sound Patterns"

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

Chapter 23. The Recent Mainstream

The Elements of Music

New Concepts of Form

William Schuman (1910-1992)

Listening Example 78. William Schuman, New England Triptych, third movement, "Chester"


Terry Riley (b. 1935)

Philip Glass (b. 1937)

Gwyneth Walker (b. 1947)

Listening Example 79. Gwyneth Walker, "Maggie and Millie and Molly and May" (from Though Love Be a Day)

A Promise of New Sounds

Terms to Review

Key Figures

Critical Thinking

PART 6 Summary

The Charge




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