America's Religions

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-08-29
  • Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr
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In this comprehensive survey, Williams offers concise descriptions of the background, beliefs, practices, and leaders of America's most influential and distinctive religious movements and denominations. Thoroughly revised and updated, this third edition ofAmerica's Religionsincorporates the latest scholarship on religion and considers timely issues such as the status of Muslims in the United States after September 11, 2001; the impact of religion on American politics, especially concerning the emergence of the Religious Right; and the intense battles fought within the Catholic Church and other denominations over the status of gay marriage and accusations of clergy members' sexual abuse. This edition also includes thirty-eight new illustrations of key persons in American religious history and notable places of worship.

Author Biography

Peter W. Williams is Distinguished Professor of Comparative Religion and American Studies at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. He is the author of Popular Religion in America and Houses of God.

Table of Contents

Telling Storiesp. 1
The Traditionsp. 13
Oral Traditionsp. 13
The Varieties of Native American Religious Lifep. 14
The African Background of New World Religionsp. 25
The Mediterranean Matrixp. 30
Judaism and the Emergence of Historical Religionp. 31
The Jewish Traditionp. 31
From the Religion of the Hebrews to the Restoration of Israelp. 39
Christianity East and Westp. 50
The Eastern Orthodox Traditionp. 50
The Roman Catholic Traditionp. 58
Western Catholicism from the Time of Constantinep. 67
The Reformation Era: The Sundering of Western Christendom and the Emergence of the Protestant Traditionsp. 78
The Lutheran Traditionp. 79
The Anglican Traditionp. 88
Calvinism and the Reformed Traditionp. 96
The Radical Reformation and the Anabaptist Traditionp. 102
Early America: Europeans, Colonials, and Traditional Peoples Before the Revolutionp. 105
Colonial Anglicansp. 107
New England Puritansp. 109
Presbyterians and Other Reformed Churchesp. 121
The Society of Friends (Quakers)p. 130
John Wesley and the Rise of Methodismp. 137
The Great Awakening and the Baptist Traditionp. 141
The Origins of Modern Religious Liberalismp. 150
Anabaptists and Pietists in Pennsylvaniap. 155
Jews and Catholics in Early Americap. 160
Christian Missions to the North American Indiansp. 165
Religious Community Formation in the New Republicp. 177
Toward Independencep. 179
The Revolution and the Constitutionp. 179
White Evangelicalismp. 183
The Second Great Awakening(s)p. 183
Moral Reform, Antislavery, and Civil Warp. 192
The Culture of Antebellum Evangelicalismp. 200
Alternative Protestant Patternsp. 209
Liturgical Protestantism: Lutherans and Episcopalians in Changing Worldsp. 209
Religion in the Slave Communityp. 217
"Freedom's Ferment": New Religious Movementsp. 221
Unitarianism, Transcendentalism, and Universalismp. 221
New World Space and Time: Restorationist, Millennial, and Communitarian Movementsp. 227
New World Revelation: Joseph Smith and the Rise of the Mormonsp. 236
The End of the Frontier and the Rise of the Cityp. 243
The Adjustments of Protestantismp. 245
Victorian Evangelicalsp. 245
Protestant Liberalism and the Social Gospelp. 255
Anglican Renaissancep. 264
Reactions to Modernity: Fundamentalism, Holiness. Pentecostalismp. 269
Religion in the Southp. 282
Traditions in Transition: European Immigrantsp. 292
American Catholicism: From Ethnic Pluralism to Institutional Unityp. 292
Eastern Christianity in Americap. 302
Ethnic Diversity and Denominationalism in American Judaismp. 308
Old and New Frontiersp. 316
Native American New Religionsp. 316
Black Nationalism and New Urban Religionsp. 323
Health, Wealth, and Metaphysicsp. 329
The Twentieth Century and Beyond: Further Encounters With Modernity and Pluralismp. 343
Neo-Orthodoxy and Ecumenism: The Foundations of "Mainline" Protestantismp. 345
"Mainline" Protestantism in the Later Twentieth Centuryp. 356
Conservative Protestantism: Culture and Politicsp. 377
Mormons and the "Mainstream"p. 395
Traditions and Structures in the American Jewish Communityp. 404
Jewish Identity and Jewish Culture in Twentieth-Century Americap. 409
Vatican II and the End of the Catholic "Ghetto"p. 420
Roman Catholic Education, Thought, and Culturep. 429
The Religions of Spanish-Speaking Peoplesp. 440
African American Christianity: "Eyes on the Prize"p. 448
Islam in the United Statesp. 456
Asian Traditions and American Transformationsp. 466
Liberalism, Radicalism, and Secularismp. 486
Popular Religion in New Keysp. 496
Conclusion: Culture Wars and Great Awakeningsp. 511
Bibliographyp. 531
Indexp. 627
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

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