9780870815218

Amphibians and Reptiles in Colorado

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780870815218

  • ISBN10:

    0870815210

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 1999-12-01
  • Publisher: Univ Pr of Colorado

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

Amphibians and Reptiles in Colorado, Revised Edition, is an up-to-date, definitive summary of the distribution, conservation status, habitat, behavior, life history, ecology, and taxonomy of all salamanders, frogs, turtles, lizards, and snakes known to inhabit Colorado. It includes a description of the Colorado landscape, color photographs of each species, detailed range maps, identification keys, and tips on how to find, study, and photograph amphibians and reptiles. In addition, the author addresses the impact of human behavior on the region's herpetofauna, as well as the impact of Colorado's amphibians and reptiles upon humans. Covering the western part of the central Great Plains, the southern Rocky Mountains, and the canyons, mesas, and plains of the upper Colorado River basin, Amphibians and Reptiles in Colorado will be a useful resource for adjacent states such as Wyoming and eastern Utah. With more than 200 color photographs to aid the reader in identification, this book is both an ideal reference work for those interested in the herpetofauna of the region and an invaluable field guide for hikers, amateur naturalists, and other outdoor enthusiasts.

Author Biography

Geoffrey A. Hammerson is a Research Zoologist for The Nature Conservancy.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
xiii
Acknowledgments xxiii
Introduction xxv
History of Herpetology in Colorado
1(8)
Environmental Relationships
9(30)
Physiographic Regions
9(7)
Great Plains
10(1)
High Plains
10(1)
Colorado Piedmont
10(1)
Raton Section
11(1)
Southern Rocky Mountains
12(1)
Eastern Granitic Belt
12(1)
Western Granitic Belt
13(1)
Mountains West of the Granitic Belts
13(1)
Intermontane Basins
14(1)
Middle Rocky Mountains
14(1)
Wyoming Basin
15(1)
Colorado Plateau
15(1)
Uinta Basin
15(1)
Canyonlands
15(1)
Navajo Section
15(1)
Drainage Systems
16(2)
Elevation
18(1)
Climate
18(6)
Habitats
24(11)
Terrestrial (Upland) Ecosystems
25(1)
Alpine Tundra
25(1)
Subalpine Forest/Woodland
25(1)
Montane Forest/Woodland
26(2)
Mountain Meadow
28(1)
Mountain Shrubland
28(1)
Pinon-Juniper Woodland
28(1)
Semidesert Shrubland
29(1)
Plains Grassland
29(3)
Sandhills
32(1)
Palustrine (Wetland) Ecosystems
32(1)
Mountain Riparian
32(1)
Lowland Riparian
33(1)
Mountain Marsh
33(1)
Lowland Marsh
33(1)
Temporary Pool
34(1)
Riverine Ecosystems
34(1)
Lacustrine (Lake) Ecosystems
35(1)
Ecological Versatility, Habitat Diversity, and the Distribution and Diversity of Amphibians and Reptiles
35(1)
Spatial Pattern of Amphibian and Reptile Diversity
36(1)
Biogeographic Context
37(2)
Relationship to Humans
39(4)
Impacts of Humans
39(3)
Impacts on Humans
42(1)
Conservation Status Ranks and State Regulations
43(4)
Conservation Status Ranks
43(2)
Regulations Pertaining to Amphibians and Reptiles in Colorado
45(2)
How to Observe and Photograph Amphibians and Reptiles
47(4)
Where and When to Find Amphibians and Reptiles
47(1)
Preparing for Field Studies
48(1)
Salvaging Dead Reptiles and Amphibians
48(1)
Photography
49(2)
Explanation of Species Accounts
51(4)
Amphibians
55(104)
Salamanders
59(12)
Mole Salamanders---Family Ambystomatidae
59(1)
Tiger Salamander---Ambystoma tigrinum
60(11)
Frogs and Toads
71(88)
Spadefoot Toads and Relatives---Family Pelobatidae
73(1)
Couch's Spadefoot---Scaphiopus couchii
74(3)
Plains Spadefoot---Spea bombifrons
77(5)
Great Basin Spadefoot---Spea intermontana
82(3)
New Mexico Spadefoot---Spea multiplicata
85(3)
True Toads---Family Bufonidae
88(2)
Mountain Toad---Bufo boreas complex
90(9)
Great Plains Toad---Bufo cognatus
99(4)
Green Toad---Bufo debilis
103(2)
Red-spotted Toad---Bufo punctatus
105(5)
Woodhouse's Toad---Bufo woodhousii
110(4)
Treefrogs---Family Hylidae
114(1)
Northern Cricket Frog---Acris crepitans
115(4)
Canyon Treefrog---Hyla arenicolor
119(5)
Western Chorus Frog---Pseudacris triseriata
124(6)
Narrowmouth Toads and Relatives---Family Microhylidae
130(1)
Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad---Gastrophryne olivacea
131(2)
True Frogs---Family Ranidae
133(1)
Plains Leopard Frog---Rana blairi
134(5)
Bullfrog---Rana catesbeiana
139(6)
Northern Leopard Frog---Rana pipiens
145(6)
Wood Frog---Rana sylvatica
151(8)
Reptiles
159(232)
Turtles
167(29)
Snapping Turtles---Family Chelydridae
168(1)
Snapping Turtle---Chelydra serpentina
169(6)
Pond Turtles and Box Turtles---Family Emydidae
175(1)
Painted Turtle---Chrysemys picta
175(6)
Ornate Box Turtle---Terrapene ornata
181(6)
Mud and Musk Turtles---Family Kinosternidae
187(1)
Yellow Mud Turtle---Kinosternon flavescens
188(3)
Softshell Turtles---Family Trionychidae
191(1)
Spiny Softshell---Trionyx spiniferus
192(4)
Lizards
196(87)
Collared and Leopard Lizards---Family Crotaphytidae
197(1)
Collared Lizard---Crotaphytus collaris
198(6)
Longnose Leopard Lizard---Gambelia wislizenii
204(4)
Phrynosomatids---Family Phrynosomatidae
208(1)
Lesser Earless Lizard---Holbrookia maculata
209(4)
Texas Horned Lizard---Phrynosoma cornutum
213(5)
Short-horned Lizard---Phrynosoma hernandesi
218(5)
Roundtail Horned Lizard---Phrynosoma modestum
223(3)
Sagebrush Lizard---Sceloporus graciosus
226(4)
Desert Spiny Lizard---Sceloporus magister
230(4)
Prairie and Plateau Lizards---Sceloporus undulatus
234(11)
Tree Lizard---Urosaurus ornatus
245(5)
Side-blotched Lizard---Uta stansburiana
250(4)
Whiptails---Family Teiidae
254(1)
Triploid Checkered Whiptail---Cnemidophorus neotessellatus
255(3)
Six-lined Racerunner---Cnemidophorus sexlineatus
258(3)
Diploid Checkered Whiptail---Cnemidophorus tesselatus
261(3)
Western Whiptail---Cnemidophorus tigris
264(5)
Plateau Striped Whiptail---Cnemidophorus velox
269(2)
Skinks---Family Scincidae
271(1)
Variable Skink---Eumeces gaigeae
272(4)
Many-lined Skink---Eumeces multivirgatus
276(3)
Great Plains Skink---Eumeces obsoletus
279(4)
Snakes
283(108)
Slender Blind Snakes---Family Leptotyphlopidae
285(1)
Texas Blind Snake---Leptotyphlops dulcis
285(3)
Colubrids---Family Colubridae
288(1)
Glossy Snake---Arizona elegans
289(3)
Racer---Coluber constrictor
292(6)
Ringneck Snake---Diadophis punctatus
298(3)
Great Plains Rat Snake---Elaphe guttata
301(4)
Western Hognose Snake---Heterodon nasicus
305(4)
Night Snake---Hypsiglena torquata
309(5)
Common Kingsnake---Lampropeltis getula
314(4)
Milk Snake---Lampropeltis triangulum
318(4)
Smooth Green Snake---Liochlorophis vernalis
322(3)
Coachwhip---Masticophis flagellum
325(4)
Striped Whipsnake---Masticophis taeniatus
329(3)
Northern Water Snake---Nerodia sipedon
332(4)
Bullsnake/Gopher Snake---Pituophis catenifer
336(9)
Longnose Snake---Rhinocheilus lecontei
345(2)
Ground Snake---Sonora semiannulata
347(2)
Southwestern Black-headed Snake---Tantilla hobartsmithi
349(3)
Plains Black-headed Snake---Tantilla nigriceps
352(2)
Blackneck Garter Snake---Thamnophis cyrtopsis
354(2)
Western Terrestrial Garter Snake---Thamnophis elegans
356(6)
Western Ribbon Snake---Thamnophis proximus
362(2)
Plains Garter Snake---Thamnophis radix
364(4)
Common Garter Snake---Thamnophis sirtalis
368(4)
Lined Snake---Tropidoclonion lineatum
372(2)
Vipers---Family Viperidae
374(1)
Western Rattlesnake---Crotalus viridis
375(12)
Massasauga---Sistrurus catenatus
387(4)
Appendix A: Species of Possible Occurrence in Colorado 391(2)
Appendix B: Amphibians and Reptiles in National Parks, National Monuments, and River Canyons of Colorado and Eastern Utah 393(2)
Appendix C: Key to Amphibians and Reptiles of Colorado 395(16)
Appendix D: About Scientific Names 411(6)
Glossary 417(4)
References 421(56)
Index 477

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