Ancient Greece A Political, Social, and Cultural History

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1999-01-21
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Lively, up-to-date, and balanced, Ancient Greece: A Political, Social, andCultural History introduces readers to the history and civilization of ancientGreece in all its complexity and variety, from its first beginnings in theBronze Age (c.3000 BC) through the Hellenistic Era (c.150 BC). Employing a trulybalanced approach to history--integrating political, military, social, andcultural aspects--the authors show how the early Greeks borrowed from theirneighbors but eventually developed a distinctive culture all their own; one thatwas marked by astonishing creativity, versatility, and resilience. The book goeson to trace the complex and surprising evolution of Greek civilization to itseventual dissolution as it merged with a variety of other cultures. Using thephysical evidence of archaeology, the written testimony of literary texts andinscriptions, and anthropological mdoels based on comparative studies, the fourrenowned authors provide a thoughtful, sophisticated account of the Greek worldwhich is accessible even to readers with little or no knowledge ofGreece.

Table of Contents

Maps and Battle Plansp. xii
Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Timelinep. xvii
Introductionp. 1
A Bird's-Eye View of Greek Historyp. 1
Sources: How We Know About the Greeksp. 4
Retrieving the Past: The Material Recordp. 4
Retrieving the Past: The Written Recordp. 5
Periodizationp. 7
Frogs Around a Pondp. 7
City-Statesp. 8
Greek City-Statesp. 8
Early Greece and the Bronze Agep. 11
Domesticationp. 13
Sources for Early Greek Historyp. 13
The Land of Greecep. 14
Greece and the Near East in the "Final Neolithic" Period (c. 4000-3000 BC)p. 18
Greece in the Early and Middle Bronze Ages (c. 3000-1600 BC)p. 19
The Discovery of Aegean Civilization: Troy, Mycenae, Knossosp. 22
Minoan Civilizationp. 24
Greece and the Aegean in the Late Bronze Age (1600-1200 BC)p. 31
The Years of Glory (c. 1400-1200 BC)p. 35
The End of the Mycenaean Civilizationp. 46
The "Dark Age" of Greece and the Eighth-Century "Renaissance" (c. 1200-700 BC)p. 51
Sources for the Dark Agep. 51
Decline and Recovery (c. 1150-900 BC)p. 54
The New Society of the Dark Agep. 59
Revival (c. 900-750 BC)p. 63
Homer and Oral Poetryp. 64
Late Dark Age (Homeric) Societyp. 67
Community, Household, and Economy in the Late Dark Agep. 80
The End of the Dark Age (c. 750-700 BC)p. 84
Archaic Greece (c. 700-480 BC)p. 97
Sources for the Seventh and Sixth Centuriesp. 98
The Formation of the City-State (Polis)p. 99
The Ethnosp. 101
Government in the Early City-Statesp. 102
The Colonizing Movementp. 106
Economic and Social Divisions in the Early Poleisp. 111
Hesiod: The View from Belowp. 116
The Hoplite Armyp. 120
The Archaic Age Tyrantsp. 123
Art and Architecturep. 126
Lyric Poetryp. 133
Philosophy and Sciencep. 138
Relations Between Statesp. 141
Panhellenic Institutionsp. 144
Spartap. 150
Sources for Spartan History and Institutionsp. 150
The Dark Age and the Archaic Periodp. 154
The Spartan Systemp. 158
Demography and the Spartan Economyp. 167
Spartan Governmentp. 170
Sparta and Greecep. 173
Historical Change in Spartap. 175
The Spartan Mirage in Western Thoughtp. 177
The Growth of Athens and the Persian Warsp. 180
Sources for Early Athensp. 180
Athens from the Bronze Age to the Early Archaic Agep. 181
The Reforms of Solonp. 185
Pisistratus and His Sonsp. 190
The Reforms of Cleisthenesp. 199
The Rise of Persiap. 201
The Wars Between Greece and Persiap. 204
The Other War: Carthage and the Greek Cities of Sicilyp. 222
The Rivalries of the Greek City-States and the Growth of Athenian Democracyp. 225
Sources for the Decades After the Persian Warsp. 226
The Aftermath of the Persian Wars and the Foundation of the Delian Leaguep. 227
The "First" (Undeclared) Peloponnesian War (460-445 BC)p. 235
Pericles and the Growth of Athenian Democracyp. 237
Literature and Artp. 242
Oikos and Polisp. 253
The Greek Economyp. 266
Greece on the Eve of the Peloponnesian Warp. 272
Sources for Greece on the Eve of the Warp. 272
Greece After the Thirty Years' Peacep. 274
The Breakdown of the Peacep. 277
Resources for Warp. 282
Intellectual Life in Fifth-Century Greecep. 284
Historical and Dramatic Literature of the Fifth Centuryp. 286
Currents in Greek Thought and Educationp. 293
The Physical Space of the Polis: Athens on the Eve of Warp. 301
The Peloponnesian Warp. 316
Sources for Greece During the Peloponnesian Warp. 316
The Archidamian War (431-421 BC)p. 318
The Rise of Comedyp. 328
Between Peace and Warp. 332
The Invasion of Sicily (415-413 BC)p. 335
The War in the Aegean and the Oligarchic Coup at Athens (413-411 BC)p. 341
Fallout from the Long Warp. 349
The War in Retrospectp. 356
The Crisis of the Polis and the Age of Shifting Hegemoniesp. 361
Sources for Fourth-Century Greecep. 362
Postwar Greece and the Struggle for Hegemonyp. 363
Law and Democracy in Athensp. 374
The Fourth-Century Polisp. 382
Philosophy and the Polisp. 387
Phillip II and the Rise of Macedonp. 404
Sources for Macedonian Historyp. 404
Early Macedoniap. 405
Macedonian Society and Kingshipp. 406
The Reign of Philip IIp. 410
Macedonian Domination of Greecep. 421
Alexander the Greatp. 429
Sources for the Reign of Alexanderp. 430
Consolidating Powerp. 432
From Issus to Egypt: Conquest of the Eastern Mediterranean (332-331 BC)p. 442
From Alexandria to Persepolis: The King of Asia (331-330 BC)p. 445
The High Road to India: Alexander in Central Asiap. 448
India and the End of the Dreamp. 454
Return to the Westp. 456
Alexander's Successors and the Cosmopolisp. 462
A New Worldp. 462
Sources for the Hellenistic Periodp. 464
The Struggle for the Successionp. 466
The Regency of Perdiccasp. 466
The Primacy of Antigonus the One-Eyedp. 468
Birth Pangs of the New Order (301-276 BC)p. 472
The Place of the Polis in the Cosmopolisp. 476
The Macedonian Kingdomsp. 482
Hellenistic Societyp. 486
Alexandria and Hellenistic Culturep. 487
Social Relations in the Hellenistic Worldp. 496
Epiloguep. 505
Glossaryp. 511
Art and Illustration Creditsp. 525
Indexp. 531
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