Anthropology: Taking Sides - Clashing Views in Anthropology

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-02-22
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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This Fourth Edition of TAKING SIDES: ANTHROPOLOGY presents current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to stimulate student interest and develop critical thinking skills. Each issue is thoughtfully framed with an issue summary, an issue introduction, and a postscript. An instructor's manual with testing material is available for each volume. USING TAKING SIDES IN THE CLASSROOM, ISBN 0073343900, is also an excellent instructor resource with practical suggestions on incorporating this effective approach in the classroom. Each TAKING SIDES reader features an annotated listing of selected World Wide Web sites and is supported by our student website, www.mhcls.com/online.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
Introductionp. xxi
Biological Anthropologyp. 1
Is Race a Useful Concept for Anthropologists?p. 2
Yes: George W. Gill, from "Does Race Exist? A Proponent's Perspective," Nova Online (October 12, 2000)p. 4
No: C. Loring Brace, from "Does Race Exist? An Antagonist's Perspective," NOVA Online (October 12, 2000)p. 8
Are Humans Inherently Violent?p. 12
Yes: Richard Wrangham and Dale Peterson, from Demonic Males: Apes and the Origins of Human Violence (Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996)p. 14
No: Robert W. Sussman, from "Exploring Our Basic Human Nature: Are Humans Inherently Violent?," Anthro Notes (Fall 1997)p. 22
Archaeologyp. 35
Was There a Pre-Clovis Migration to the New World from Europe?p. 36
Yes: Bruce Bradley and Dennis Stanford, from "The North Atlantic Ice-Edge Corridor: A Possible Palaeolithic Route to the New World," World Archaeology (December 2004)p. 38
No: Lawrence Guy Straus, from "Solutrean Settlement of North America? A Review of Reality," American Antiquity (April 2000)p. 50
Was the Extinction of Pleistocene Megafauna in North America Caused by Climate Change Rather than Over-Hunting?p. 60
Yes: Donald K. Grayson and David J. Meltzer, from "A Requiem for North American Overkill," Journal of Archaeological Science (May 2003)p. 62
No: Stuart Fiedel and Gary Haynes, from "A Premature Burial: Comments on Grayson and Meltzer's 'Requiem for Overkill,'" Journal of Archaeological Science (January 2004)p. 70
Did Prehistoric Native Americans Practice Cannibalism in the American Southwest?p. 80
Yes: Brian R. Billman, Patricia M. Lambert, and Banks L. Leonard, from "Cannibalism, Warfare, and Drought in the Mesa Verde Region During the Twelfth Century A.D.," American Antiquity (January 2000)p. 82
No: Kurt E. Dongoske, Debra L. Martin, and T. J. Ferguson, from "Critique of the Claim of Cannibalism at Cowboy Wash," American Antiquity (January 2000)p. 92
Linguistic Anthropologyp. 105
Can Apes Learn Language?p. 106
Yes: E. S. Savage-Rumbaugh, from "Language Training of Apes," in Steve Jones, Robert Martin, and David Pilbeam, eds., The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Evolution (Cambridge University Press, 1999)p. 108
No: Joel Wallman, from Aping Language (Cambridge University Press, 1992)p. 114
Should Anthropologists and Linguists Be Concerned About Losing Endangered Languages?p. 122
Yes: Ken Hale, from "Endangered Languages," Language (March 1992)p. 124
No: Peter Ladefoged, from "Another View of Endangered Languages," Language (December 1992)p. 130
Cultural Anthropologyp. 137
Should Cultural Anthropology Stop Trying to Model Itself on Sciences?p. 138
Yes: Clifford Geertz, from The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays (Basic Books, 1973)p. 140
No: Robert L. Carneiro, from "Godzilla Meets New Age Anthropology: Facing the Postmodernist Challenge to a Science of Culture," Europea (1995)p. 150
Was Margaret Mead's Fieldwork on Samoan Adolescents Fundamentally Flawed?p. 161
Yes: Derek Freeman, from Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth (Harvard University Press, 1983)p. 163
No: Lowell D. Holmes and Ellen Rhoads Holmes, from Samoan Village: Then and Now, 2nd ed. (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1992)p. 173
Do Native Peoples Today Invent Their Traditions?p. 183
Yes: Roger M. Keesing, from "Creating the Past: Custom and Identity in the Contemporary Pacific," The Contemporary Pacific (Spring/Fall 1989)p. 185
No: Haunani-Kay Trask, from "Natives and Anthropologists: The Colonial Struggle," The Contemporary Pacific (Spring 1991)p. 194
Do Men Dominate Women in All Societies?p. 201
Yes: Steven Goldberg, from "Is Patriarchy Inevitable?" National Review (November 11, 1996)p. 203
No: Kirk M. Endicott and Karen L. Endicott, from The Headman was a Woman: The Gender Egalitarian Batek of Malaysia (Waveland Press, 2008)p. 208
Is Gay Marriage Natural?p. 216
Yes: Linda S. Stone, from "Gay Marriage and Anthropology," Anthropology News (May 2004)p. 218
No: Peter Wood, from "The Marriage Debate Goes Multicultural: Anthropologists Jump In-And Distort the History of Their Field," National Review Online (April 26, 2005)p. 221
Does the Natural-Supernatural Distinction Exist in All Cultures?p. 227
Yes: Roger Ivar Lohmann, from "The Supernatural Is Everywhere: Defining Qualities of Religion in Melanesia and Beyond," Anthropological Forum (November 2003)p. 229
No: Frederick P. Lampe, from "Creating a Second-Storey Woman: Introduced Delineation Between Natural and Supernatural in Melanesia," Anthropological Forum (November 2003)p. 237
Are San Hunter-Gatherers Basically Pastoralists Who Have Lost Their Herds?p. 246
Yes: James R. Denbow and Edwin N. Wilmsen, from "Advent and Course of Pastoralism in the Kalahari," Science (December 19, 1986)p. 248
No: Richard B. Lee, from The Dobe Ju/'hoansi, 3rd ed. (Wadsworth Thomson Learning, 2003)p. 258
Do Some Illnesses Exist Only Among Members of a Particular Culture?p. 268
Yes: Sangun Suwanlert, from "Phii Pob: Spirit Possession in Rural Thailand," in William Lebra, ed., Culture-Bound Syndromes, Ethnopsychiatry, and Alternate Therapies, Vol. 4 of Mental Health Research in Asia and the Pacific (The University of Hawaii Press, 1976)p. 270
No: Robert A. Hahn, from Sickness and Healing: An Anthropological Perspective (Yale University Press, 1995)p. 280
Is Ethnic Conflict Inevitable?p. 293
Yes: Sudhir Kakar, from "Some Unconscious Aspects of Ethnic Violence in India," in Veena Das, ed., Mirrors of Violence: Communities, Riots, and Survivors in South Asia (Oxford University Press, 1990)p. 295
No: Anthony Oberschall, from "The Manipulation of Ethnicity: From Ethnic Cooperation to Violence and War in Yugoslavia," Ethnic and Racial Studies (November 1, 2000)p. 303
Ethics in Anthropologyp. 317
Should the Remains of Prehistoric Native Americans Be Reburied Rather Than Studied?p. 318
Yes: James Riding In, from "Repatriation: A Pawnee's Perspective," American Indian Quarterly (Spring 1996)p. 320
No: Clement W. Meighan, from "Some Scholars' Views on Reburial," American Antiquity (October 1992)p. 329
Did Napoleon Chagnon's Research Methods and Publications Harm the Yanomami Indians?p. 339
Yes: Terence Turner, from The Yanomami and the Ethics of Anthropological Practice (Cornell University Latin American Studies Program, 2001)p. 341
No: Edward H. Hagen, Michael E. Price, and John Tooby, from Preliminary Report Department of Anthropology, http://www.anth.ucsb.edu/ucsbpreliminaryreport.pdf (University of California Santa Barbara, 2001)p. 351
Do Museums Misrepresent Ethnic Communities Around the World?p. 364
Yes: James Clifford, from The Predicament of Culture (Harvard University Press, 1988)p. 366
No: Denis Dutton, from "Mythologies of Tribal Art," African Arts (Summer 1995)p. 375
Contributorsp. 386
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