Applied Sport Psychology: Personal Growth to Peak Performance

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-06-05
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
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Drawing upon the expertise of more than twenty leaders of their fields, this is a comprehensive and practical guide to psychological concepts and theories as well as to strategies and techniques designed to help future coaches and sport psychologists cultivate peak performance and personal growth through recent advances in sport psychology. The text's four-part organization focuses on motivation and leadership, social interactions, mental training, program implementation, and issues that go beyond performance enhancement. Contributing authors are experts in their topic, and each chapter has been written specifically for this collection..

Table of Contents

Sport Psychology: Past, Present, Futurep. 1
History of Sport Psychologyp. 2
History of Sport Psychology in Eastern Europep. 10
Future Directions in North American Applied Sport Psychologyp. 11
Learning, Motivation, and Social Interactionp. 19
Motor Skill Learning for Effective Coaching and Performancep. 21
Motor Learning Definedp. 21
Phases of Motor Skill Learningp. 22
Practice Considerationsp. 26
Teaching Several Skills: Blocked versus Random Practicep. 27
Teaching Several Variations of a Skill: Variable Practicep. 29
Whole versus Part Practicep. 30
Feedback: Its Functions and Use in Skill Learning and Performancep. 32
Diagnosing and Correcting Errorsp. 35
A Positive Approach to Coaching Effectiveness and Performance Enhancementp. 42
The ABCs of Behavior Controlp. 43
Positive and Aversive Approaches to Influencing Behaviorp. 45
Positive Reinforcement: Getting Good Things to Happenp. 47
Performance Feedbackp. 52
Motivational Processes and the Facilitation of Quality Engagement in Sportp. 59
Believing That One Can: The Construct of Self-Efficacyp. 60
Achievement Goals: The Importance of How We Judge Our Competencep. 63
Doing It for the Joy: The Determinants of Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determinationp. 71
The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Theory: When Coaches' Expectations Become Realityp. 81
The Expectation-Performance Processp. 82
Sport Applicationsp. 90
Behavioral Recommendations for Coachesp. 98
Leadership Effectiveness and Decision Making in Coachesp. 106
What is Leadership?p. 107
Leadership Theories and Implicationsp. 107
Authentic Leadershipp. 115
Multidimensional Models of Leadership in Sportp. 117
Decision Making in Coachesp. 118
Evaluating Leadershipp. 120
Leading Ethicallyp. 121
Developing Leadership within the Teamp. 122
Developing Morale within the Teamp. 123
The Sport Team as an Effective Groupp. 132
The Nature of Sport Groupsp. 133
Group Cohesionp. 134
Developing a Team Concept: Correlates of Cohesionp. 135
Team Buildingp. 141
Communicating Effectivelyp. 149
Communication Definedp. 150
Communication in Sportp. 151
Communication and Groupsp. 153
The Sport Psychologist as a Skilled Helperp. 160
Mental Training for Performance Enhancementp. 167
Psychological Characteristics of Peak Performancep. 169
Overview of Peak Performancep. 170
Psychological Characteristics During Peak Experiences in Sportp. 170
Flow and Peak Performancep. 171
The Individualized Zone of Optimal Functioningp. 173
Psychological Attributes and Skills of Successful and Less Successful Athletesp. 175
A Profile of Mental Toughnessp. 178
Team, Coach, Family, and Organizational Influences on Peak Performancep. 179
Conclusion: What It Takes to "Make It"p. 180
Increasing Awareness for Sport Performancep. 189
The Importance of Awareness in Athleticsp. 190
Awareness as it Relates to Skill Developmentp. 191
Techniques for Developing Awarenessp. 195
Appendix: Guidelines for Keeping a Sport Journalp. 199
Goal Setting for Peak Performancep. 201
Goal-Setting Research and Theoryp. 201
Examining Athletes' and Coaches' Uses of Goal Settingp. 204
Goal-Setting Guidelinesp. 206
A Goal-Setting System for Coachesp. 211
Common Problems in Setting Goalsp. 212
Arousal-Performance Relationshipsp. 221
The Nature of Arousalp. 222
Defining Arousal and Related Constructsp. 222
The Relationship between Arousal and Motor Performancep. 227
Estimating the Relationship between an Athlete's Optimal Arousal and Performancep. 237
Relaxation and Energizing Techniques for Regulation of Arousalp. 247
Muscle-to-Mind Relaxation Skills and Strategiesp. 251
Mind-to-Muscle Relaxation Techniquesp. 257
Skills and Strategies for Learning How to Increase Activation and Energyp. 261
Seeing Is Believing: Understanding and Using Imagery in Sportp. 267
What Is Imagery?p. 268
Does Imagery Work to Enhance Athletes' Performance?p. 271
How Does Imagery Enhance Athletes' Performance?p. 275
How Do You Set Up an Imagery Training Program?p. 278
Imagery Cookbook for Coaches and Practitionersp. 282
Case Studiesp. 292
Appendix A Sample Imagery Script for Competition Preparationp. 300
Appendix B Sport Imagery Evaluationp. 301
Cognitive Techniques for Building Confidence and Enhancing Performancep. 305
Key Definitions: Confidence, Mental Toughness, Optimism, Self-Efficacyp. 306
Common Misconceptions about Confidencep. 307
Prerequisites for Gaining Confidencep. 309
Self-Talkp. 311
Identifying Self-Talkp. 316
Techniques for Controlling Self-Talkp. 318
Concentration and Strategies for Controlling Itp. 336
Attention Control Training Principlesp. 337
Increasing Awareness of Types of Attentionp. 344
External Factors: Strategies to Minimize External Distractionsp. 347
Internal Factors: Strategies to Stay Centeredp. 349
Implementing Training Programsp. 359
Integrating and Implementing a Psychological Skills Training Programp. 361
Are Psychological Interventions Effective in Improving Sport Performance?p. 362
Who Will Benefit from Psychological Skills Training?p. 363
Who Should Conduct the Psychological Skills Training Program?p. 363
When Should You Implement a Psychological Skills Training Program?p. 366
When Should Athletes Practice Psychological Skills?p. 367
How Much Time Should Be Spent in Mental Training?p. 368
Setting Up a Mental Skills Training Programp. 369
Determining What Skills to Includep. 375
Evaluation of Program Effectivenessp. 377
Practical Pointers for Teaching Mental Skillsp. 379
Ethical Considerations for the Coach and Sport Psychology Consultantp. 385
Potential Problem Areasp. 385
Conducting Psychologically Oriented Coach-Training Programs: A Social-Cognitive Approachp. 392
Developing Coach-Training Programsp. 393
Implementing Sport Psychology Workshops for Coachesp. 400
A Final Wordp. 406
Summary of Coaching Guidelinesp. 414
Coach Self-Report Formp. 416
Gender and Cultural Considerationsp. 417
Overview and Frameworkp. 417
The Cultural Context of Sportp. 419
Gender and Sexualityp. 422
Race, Ethnicity, and Social Classp. 426
Cultural Competence in Sport Psychologyp. 429
Enhancing Health and Well-Beingp. 441
When to Refer Athletes for Counseling or Psychotherapyp. 443
Counseling and Sport Psychologyp. 444
Differentiating Performance Enhancement From More Problematic Personal Issuesp. 445
How to start the Referral Processp. 446
When Referrals Don't Go Smoothlyp. 448
More Specific Athlete-Related Issuesp. 449
Professional Development Tasks for Practitioners and Studentsp. 454
Drug Abuse in Sport: Causes and Curesp. 463
Review of Drugs Banned in Sportp. 465
Rationale for an Antidrug Policy in Sportp. 469
How Widespread Is Drug Abuse in Sport?p. 469
Likely Causes of Drug Abuse in Sportp. 472
Strategies for Controlling Drug Abusep. 474
Burnout in Sport: Understanding the Process-From Early Warning Signs to Individualized Interventionp. 492
Introductionp. 492
Burnout, Dropout, Overtraining, and Stalenessp. 494
Signs, Symptoms, and Consequences of Burnoutp. 495
Theories and Models of Burnout in Sportp. 496
Examining Burnout in Sportp. 499
Monitoring Burnoutp. 502
Interventionsp. 504
Case Studyp. 506
Injury Risk and Rehabilitation: Psychological Considerationsp. 512
Factors That Predispose Athletes to Injuryp. 513
Interventions to Reduce Injury Vulnerabilityp. 517
Athletes' Reactions to Injuryp. 519
Reacting to Injured Athletesp. 526
Teaching Specific Psychological Rehabilitation Strategiesp. 529
Career Transition among Athletes: Is There Life after Sports?p. 542
History and Backgroundp. 542
Theoretical Perspectives on Career Transitionp. 544
Conceptual Model of Career Transitionp. 545
Stage 1: Causes of Career Terminationp. 545
Stage 2: Factors Related to Adaptation to Career Transitionp. 547
Stage 3: Available Resources for Adaptation to Career Transitionp. 550
Stage 4: Quality of Career Transitionp. 552
Stage 5: Intervention for Career Transitionp. 552
Exercise Psychologyp. 563
Exercise and Mental Healthp. 564
Plausible Mediators or Mechanismsp. 568
Physical Activity Behavior Changep. 572
Author Indexp. 596
Subject Indexp. 607
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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