Applied Theories in Occupational Therapy A Practical Approach

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-12-04
  • Publisher: Slack Incorporated
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Applied Theories in Occupational Therapy: A Practical Approachprovides a comprehensive overview of theories and frames of reference in occupational therapy. Unlike other texts, there are no distinctions between specialty areas, as current and developing theories are applied to a continuum of health and wellness for all populations across the lifespan. Practical guidelines are included to assist with evaluation and intervention strategies. Marilyn B. Cole and Roseanna Tufano examine the different levels of theory, the definition of each, and the various ways in which these levels guide occupational therapy practice. This timely text is divided into three sections: foundational theories that underlie occupational therapy practice, occupation-based models, and frames of reference. Students and practitioners are provided with specific guidelines as well as case examples and learning exercises to enhance their understanding of applied theory. The first section summarizes the overarching theories that influence the practice of occupational therapy while incorporating theOccupational Therapy Practice Framework. These theories are discussed in a step-by-step format as they are related to occupational therapy. The second section reviews five currently used occupation-based models, providing readers with a description of each model according to Moseyrs"s organization structure. At the end of this section is an integrative case example intended to assist with the clinical integration of these models. The third section reviews and applies nine frames of reference most commonly used in occupational therapy practice today. Using the structured outline, students and practitioners can easily compare one frame of reference with another as part of the clinical reasoning response. Topics Covered: bull; Evolution and history of occupational therapy theory bull; Proposed taxonomy of occupational therapy models and frames of reference bull; Understanding systems and contexts bull; Using different levels of theory bull; The role of occupational therapy in health and well being Features: bull; Content analysis of 20 years of Slagle Lectures bull; U.S. and International models of health care bull; A review of systems theory as a perspective of occupational therapy practice bull; An organizational structure and template to formulate the components of each model and frame of reference Applied Theories in Occupational Therapyfollows the belief that theory guides practice. This text provides practitioners with an excellent repertoire of theories to apply to occupational therapy practice. It is the ideal resource for students and practicing therapists who are looking to further their understanding of applied theory.

Author Biography

Marilyn B. (Marli) Cole, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA, is an occupational therapy Professor Emerita at Quinnipiac University in Hamden, Connecticut. She is the author of Group Dynamics in Occupational Therapy, now in its third edition (SLACK Incorporated, 2005). A graduate of University of Pennsylvania, she practiced for 16 years in mental health, pediatrics, and geriatrics. She holds an advanced certification in Sensory Integration and has published chapters on theory application, client-centered groups, occupational therapy (OT) interventions in retirement, volunteering, and end-of-life issues, theories of aging, and theory development in OT. As an educator, she has taught courses in therapeutic use of self, group leadership, frames of reference, psychopathology, geriatrics, sensory integration, group dynamics, evaluation, intervention, health conditions, problem-based learning, and research. As a fieldwork I coordinator, she has developed student experiences in hospital and community mental health, geriatrics, wellness, and prevention in the United States, England, Costa Rica, and Australia. Research interests and journal publications include mental health assessment, group size and engagement, time mastery, therapeutic relationships, civic engagement, and OT interventions for the Third Age (retirement). At home in Connecticut or in Freeport, Bahamas, Marli and her husband, Martin Schiraldi, enjoy traveling, cruising, skiing, sailing, and scuba diving. Roseanna Tufano, LMFT, OTR/L, is an Assistant Professor in Occupational Therapy at Quinnipiac University as well as the Academic Coordinator for the department. Her interests and expertise are within the practice of mental health, where she has practiced for over 25 years among varied levels of care. As an educator, she has taught courses in OT theory application, psychopathology, group dynamics, psychosocial adaptation to physical disorders, and mental health interventions. She has published several chapters on related topics and has lectured and consulted to both professional and consumer-oriented audiences. With her advanced clinical degree in Marriage and Family Therapy, Roseanna joins her husband Lou in a private practice called “Enduring Families” aimed to support individuals and families to endure meaningful roles. Likewise, she is very active in serving students within the Quinnipiac University community and was given the “Outstanding Faculty Award” by the Student Government Association in both 1999 and 2003. Among her most memorable endeavors at Quinnipiac, she delivered the “Freshman Address” at the University Convocation where her daughter, Carissa, sat among the incoming class of 2006. She enjoys traveling and spending family time with her husband; children, Carissa and Brett; and dog, Armani.

Table of Contents

About the Authors
Applied Theories Of Health And Wellness
Occupational Therapy's Broadening Horizons
Eight Major Trends
The Evolution of Occupational Therapy
Paradigm Shifts in 20th Century Occupational Therapy
Theoretical History of Occupational Therapy
Learning Activities
Applied Models of Health Care in Occupational Therapy
Medical Model
Client-Centered Model
International Classification of Functioning Model
American Occupational Therapy Practice Framework
Learning Activities
Applied Systems Theory in Occupational Therapy
General Systems Theory
Core Concepts of Systems Theory
Five Components of Systems Thinking: An Illustration
Hierarchy Versus Heterarchy
Impact of General Systems Theory
Contexts as Subjective Systems
Learning Activities
Theory Organization in Occupational Therapy
What Is Theory?
Levels of Theory
Occupation-Based Models
Frames of Reference
How to Evaluate Models and Frames of Reference
Learning Activities
Applied Models of Community Health and Well-Being
Occupational Therapy Practice Comes Full Circle
Occupation, Health, and Well-Being
Public Health and Occupational Therapy
Health Promotion and Occupational Therapy
United States Health Delivery System: A Mini Comparison
Healthy People 2010: Goals and Objectives for the United States
Determinants of Health
Health Promotion Models for Community-Based Practice
Learning Activities
Occupation-Based Models
Occupational Behavior
Model of Human Occupation
Occupational Adaptation
Ecology of Human Performance
Person-Environment-Occupational-Performance Model
Model Integration
Applied Behavioral Frames
Cognitive Behavioral Frames
Biomechanical and Rehabilitative Frames
Toglia's Dynamic Interactional Approach
Allen's Cognitive Levels Frame
Lifespan Development Frames
Sensory Integration and Processing
Motor Control and Motor Learning Frames
Psychodynamic Frame
Frames of Reference Integration
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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