Aquinas on Friendship

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  • Edition: Reprint
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-03-21
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Daniel Schwartz examines the views on friendship of the great medieval philosopher Thomas Aquinas. For Aquinas friendship is the ideal type of relationship that rational beings should cultivate. Schwartz argues that Aquinas fundamentally revises some of the main features of Aristotle's paradigmatic account of friendship so as to accommodate the case of friendship between radically unequal beings: man and God. As a result, Aquinas presents a broader view of friendship thanAristotle's, allowing for a higher extent of disagreement. lack of mutual understanding, and inequality between friends.

Author Biography

Daniel Schwartz is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Political Science and the Department of International Relations at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations and Conventionsp. xv
Larger Themesp. 1
Friendship and Amicitiap. 1
The Importance of Friendsp. 3
Acts of Friendshipp. 6
What Concord Requiresp. 22
'Concord is a Union of Wills, Not of Opinions'p. 22
Disagreement and Friendshipp. 31
Why Conflicting Beliefs Alone Do Not Create Discord: A Look at Heresyp. 34
Conclusionp. 41
Friendship and Conformity of Willsp. 42
Backgroundp. 43
Conformity of Wills and the Friend's Reasonsp. 46
Conformity of Wills and Disparity of Circumstancesp. 57
Ways of Willing the Samep. 61
Political Implications of Aquinas's Position on the Conformity of Wills of Friendshipp. 66
What Prevents Us from Joining Other People's Projects?: Pride as an Impediment to Conformity of Willsp. 69
Nilling What Another Wills: Schism, Sedition, and Discordp. 70
Vainglory and Unwillingness to Agree with Othersp. 72
Pride and Unwillingness to Agree with Othersp. 74
Conformity of Wills Revisitedp. 87
The Law as a Cure for Pridep. 88
Human Institutions and Pridep. 90
Summaryp. 92
Friendship and Uncertainty: Presumptions and Hopep. 94
Present Friendship and the Presumption of Authenticityp. 95
Hope and Future Friendshipp. 107
Conclusionp. 121
Friendship and Recourse to Justicep. 123
Justice between Friendsp. 124
Friendship as a Condition of Just Exchangep. 133
Summaryp. 139
Justice, Satisfaction, and Restoration of Friendshipp. 142
Satisfaction and Friendshipp. 143
Friendship and Quantitative Satisfactionp. 151
Summaryp. 160
Concluding Remarksp. 162
Appendix: The Duality of the Rational Volition in Christ's Human Nature and Friendship with Godp. 165
Bibliographyp. 167
Index Locorump. 175
Index of Subjectsp. 182
Index of Names and Placesp. 187
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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