The Archaeology of Race The Eugenic Ideas of Francis Galton and Flinders Petrie

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  • Edition: Reprint
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2014-09-25
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
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How much was archaeology founded on prejudice? The Archaeology of Race explores the application of racial theory to interpret the past in Britain during the late Victorian and Edwardian period. It investigates how material culture from ancient Egypt and Greece was used to validate the construction of racial hierarchies. Specifically focusing on Francis Galton's ideas around inheritance and race, it explores how the Egyptologist Flinders Petrie applied these in his work in Egypt and in his political beliefs. It examines the professional networks formed by societies, such as the Anthropological Institute, and their widespread use of eugenic ideas in analysing society.

Archaeology of Race draws on archives and objects from the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology and the Galton collection at UCL. These collections are used to explore anti-Semitism, skull collecting, New Race theory and physiognomy. These collections give insight into the relationship between Galton and Petrie and place their ideas in historical context.

Author Biography

Debbie Challis is the Audience Development Officer at the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, UK and the author of From the Harpy Tomb to the Wonders of Ephesus (Bloomsbury Academic, 2008).

Table of Contents

Foreword by Natasha McEnroe, former Curator of the Galton Collection and Director of the Florence Nightingale Museum.
Races and Men Before the 1860s
Galton and Genius
Fitting Aesthetics
Photographing Races from Antiquity
Greek Art, Greek Faces?
Peopling the Old Testament
Akhenaten's Heredity
The New Ancient Race
Flinders Petrie and Edwardian Politics
Memphis Heads
Afterword by Kathleen Sheppard, Missouri University of Science and Technology

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