Art A Brief History Plus NEW MyArtsLab -- Access Card Package

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Package
  • Copyright: 2011-11-28
  • Publisher: Pearson
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The most student-friendly, contextual, and inclusive art history survey text on the market. For single term courses in Art History or Art Appreciation taught from a historical perspective with coverage of non-Western material. Art: A Brief Historyprovides a combination of formal analysis and contextual art history designed to engage a diverse student population. Co-authors Marilyn Stokstad and Michael Cothrenboth scholars as well as teachersshare a common vision that survey courses should be filled with as much enjoyment as erudition and should foster an enthusiastic, as well as an educated, public for the visual arts. The new Fifth Edition includes links to online resources in MyArtsLab to further engage students and enrich their learning experience. Teaching and Learning Experience Personalize Learning- The new MyArtsLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. Improve Critical Thinking-The new Learn About It and Think About It features prompts students to think critically and analyze the chapter material. Engage Students-Updated scholarship, MyArtsLab, and the readability of the text provide a wonderful engaging student experience. Explore Research-The authors constantly strive to deliver the latest research in the field of Art History, and the utilization of the Closer Look integrates this research with specific images and works of art. Support Instructors-Supported by the best instructor resources on the market, including MyArtsLab, ClassPrep for digital images, and Teaching with MyArtsLab PowerPoints make Art: A Brief Historyan attractive choice for instructors. Note:MyArtsLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyArtsLab, please visit:www.MyArtsLab.comor you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MyArtsLab (at no additional cost): VP ISBN-10: 0205237339/ VP ISBN-13: 9780205237333

Author Biography

Marilyn Stokstad, teacher, art historian, and museum curator, has been a leader in her field for decades and has served as president of the College Art Association and the International Center of Medieval Art.  In 2002, she was awarded the lifetime achievement award from the National Women’s Caucus for Art.  In 1997, she was awarded the Governor’s Arts Award as Kansas Art Educator of the Year and an honorary degree of doctor of humane letters by Carleton College.  She is Judith Harris Murphy Distinguished Professor Emerita at the University of Kansas, Lawrence.  She has also served in various leadership capacities at the University’s Spencer Museum of Art and is Consultative Curator of Medieval Art at the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art in Kansas City, Missouri


Michael W. Cothren is Professor of Art History at Swarthmore College, where he has also served as Art Department Chair, Coordinator of Medieval Studies, and Divisional Chair of the Humanities.  Since arriving at Swarthmore in 1978, he has taught specialized courses on Medieval, Roman, and Islamic art and architecture, as well as seminars on theory and method, but he most enjoys teaching the survey to Swarthmore beginners.  His research and publications focus on French Gothic art and architecture, most recently in a book on the stained glass of Beauvais Cathedral entitled Picturing the Celestial City.  Michael is consultative curator of medieval stained glass at the Glencairn Museum in Bryn Athyn, Pennsylvania. He has served on the board of the International Center of Medieval Art and as President both of the American Committee of the International Corpus Vitrearum and of his local school board. When not teaching or engaged in art historical research, you can finding him hiking in the red rocks around Sedona, Arizona.

Table of Contents







Chapter 1: Prehistoric Art in Europe  

Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Near East 

Chapter 3: Art of Ancient Egypt

Chapter 4: Early Ancient Art

Chapter 5: Art of Ancient Greece 

Chapter 6: Etruscan and Roman Art 

Chapter 7: Jewish, Early Christian, and Byzantine Art 

Chapter 8: Islamic Art

Chapter 9: Later Asian Art 

Chapter 10: Early Medieval and Romanesque Art 

Chapter 11: Gothic Art 

Chapter 12: Early Renaissance Art 

Chapter 13: Art of the High Renaissance and Reformation 

Chapter 14: Seventeenth-Century Art in Europe

Chapter 15: Art of the Americas 

Chapter 16: African Art 

Chapter 17: European and American Art, 1715–1840

Chapter 18: European and American Art, 1840–1910

Chapter 19: Modern Art in Europe and the Americas, 1900–1945  

Chapter 20: Art Since 1945 




Preface   ix

What’s New   x

Faculty and Student Resources   xi

Acknowledgments and Gratitude   xii

Starter Kit   xiv

Introduction   1


1 Prehistoric Art in Europe  18

Looking Forward   19

The Upper Paleolithic Art (c. 42,000–8,000 bce)   20

Artifacts or Works of Art?   20

Shelter or Architecture?   22

Cave Painting   22

Cave Sculptures   26

The Neolithic Period (c. 6500–3400/2300 bce)   26

Çatalhöyük   26

Ceramics   27

Megalithic Architecture   28

Looking Back   31

A CLOSER LOOK    A House in Çatalhöyük   27

 Elements of Architecture

         Post-and-Lintel and Corbel Construction   29

  Art and Its Contexts

         The Power of Naming   22

         The Meaning(s) of Prehistoric Paintings   23

         Neolithic Man and Woman   28



2 Art of the Ancient Near East  32

Looking Forward   33

Sumer   35

Akkad, Ur, and Lagash   39

Babylon   40

Assyria   41

Neo-Babylonia   43

Persia   44

Looking Back   47

A CLOSER LOOK    Animal Fables and Epic Themes   38

 Art and Its Contexts

         Art as Spoils of War—Protection or Theft?   35

         The Ishtar Gate and Nebuchadnezzar’s II’s Palace   46



3 Art of Ancient Egypt  48

Looking Forward   49

Early Dynastic and Old Kingdom Egypt (c. 2950–2150 bce)   58

Middle Kingdom (c. 1975–1640 bce)   58

New Kingdom (c. 1539–1075 bce)   67

Late Egyptian Art   66

Looking Back   67

A CLOSER LOOK    The Palette of Narmer   51

 Elements of Architecture

         Mastaba to Pyramid   53


         Mummies   65

  Art and Its Contexts

         Egyptian Symbols   58

         The Tomb of Ramose   63



4 Early Ancient Art  68

Looking Forward   69

The Indian Subcontinent   70

The Indus Valley Civilization   70

The Vedic Period   71

The Rise of Buddhism   71

Gandhara and Mathura Styles   74

Gupta Period   76

Southeast Asia   78

China   79

The Bronze Age   79

Chinese Empires: Qin, Han, and Tang   80

Korea   84

Japan   87

The Kofun Period   87

The Asuka Period   89

Looking Back   91

A CLOSER LOOK    Rubbing of a Stone Relief   83

 Elements of Architecture

         Stupas   73

  Art and Its Contexts

         Buddhism   72

         Buddhist Symbols   75

         Hinduism   77

         Confucianism   81

         The Silk Route and the Making of Silk   82

         Calligraphy   86



5 Art of Ancient Greece  92 

Looking Forward   93

The Cycladic Islands   95

Minoan Crete   95

Mycenaean (Late Bronze Age) Civilization   99

The Emergence of Greek Civilization   102

The Geometric Style   102

The Archaic Period   102

The Early Classical Period   109

The “High” Classical Period   112

The Parthenon   112

Other Buildings of the Athenian Acropolis   117

Late Classical Art of the Fourth Century bce   118

Hellenistic Art   120

Looking Back   127

A CLOSER LOOK    Krater with the Death of Sarpedon   109

 Elements of Architecture

         The Greek Temple   104

         Greek Theaters   122

  Art and Its Contexts

         Mythology and History   99

         Color in Greek Sculpture   106

         Classic and Classical   112

         The Canon of Polykleitos   116

         Women Artists In Ancient Greece   121

         The Celts   125



6 Etruscan and Roman Art  128 

Looking Forward   129

The Etruscans   130

The Romans   133

The Republican Period   134

The Age of Augustus   138

The Roman House and Its Decoration   139

The Empire   143

Imperial Art and Architecture   143

Portraits in Sculpture and Painting   150

The Late Empire   152

Looking Back   157

A CLOSER LOOK    Gemma Augustea   139

  Elements of Architecture

         Arch and Vault   137

         Roman Architectural Orders   145


         Roman Mosaics   142

  Art and Its Contexts

         Roman Portraiture   135



7 Jewish, Early Christian, and Byzantine Art  158 

Looking Forward   159

Early Jewish Art   162

Early Christianity   163

Early Byzantine Art (476–726)   169

The Golden Age of Justinian   169

Icons and Iconoclasm   176

Middle Byzantine Art (843–1204)   179

Late Byzantine Art   180

Looking Back   183

A CLOSER LOOK    The Mosaic Floor of the Beth Alpha Synagogue   161

  Elements of Architecture

         Longitudinal-Plan and Central-Plan Churches   166

         Pendentives and Squinches   174

 Art and Its Contexts

         Dura-Europos   163

         The Life of Jesus   164

         The Good Shepherd   168

         Naming Christian Churches: Designation
                     + Dedication + Location   172

         Iconoclasm   177



8 Islamic Art  184 

Looking Forward   185

Art During the Early Caliphates   186

Architecture   186

Calligraphy   191

Later Islamic Art    193

The Saljuqs in Persia   193

The Nasrids in Spain   194

Luxury Arts   197

Books   206

The Ottoman Empire   200

Modern Islam   202

Looking Back   203

A CLOSER LOOK    A Mamluk Glass Oil Lamp   197


         Carpet Making   198

 Art and Its Context

         Islam and the Prophet Muhammad   188



9 Later Asian Art  204 

Looking Forward   205

The South Asian Subcontinent   206

The Mughal Empire   208

Rajput Painting and the Luxury Arts   210

Cambodia   213

China   214

Korea   220

Japan   222

Looking Back   231

A CLOSER LOOK    Scene from The Tale of Genji   225


         Indian Paintings on Paper   210

         Formats of Chinese Painting   216

  Art and Its Contexts

         Panel from an Ivory Box   212

         Writing, Language, and Culture in Japan   223



10 Early Medieval and Romanesque Art  232 

Looking Forward   233

Early Medieval Art in the British Isles   235

Scandinavian Art   237

Carolingian Art   238

Spanish Art   243

Ottonian Art   244

Romanesque Art   247

Architecture   247

Architectural Sculpture and Painting   250

Manuscripts, Textiles, and Woodcarving   256

Looking Back   259

A CLOSER LOOK    Bishop Odo Blessing the Feast   255

 Elements of Architecture

         The Romanesque Church Portal   251

  Art and Its Contexts

         The Medieval Scriptorium   236

         Hildegard of Bingen   257



11 Gothic Art  260 

Looking Forward   261

Gothic Art in France   263

Gothic Art in England   277

Gothic Art in the Germanic Lands   280

Late Medieval Art in Italy   281

Sculpture   283

Painting in Siena and Florence   284

Looking Back   291

A CLOSER LOOK    Effects of Good Government in the City

                        and in the Country   282

 Elements of Architecture

         Rib Vaulting   266

         The Gothic Church   268


         Stained-Glass Windows   265

         Cennini on Panel Painting   289

         Buon Fresco   290

  Art and Its Contexts

         Notre-Dame de Paris   270



12 Early Renaissance Art  292 

Looking Forward   293

Northern Renaissance Art   294

The Imbourg Brothers   295

Painting in Flanders   297

Second-Generation Painters   301

Tapestries   303

The Graphic Arts   303

Italian Renaissance Art   306

Architecture   306

Sculpture   311

Painting   315

Looking Back   323

A CLOSER LOOK    The Battle of San Romano   319


         Oil Painting   298

         Woodcuts and Engravings   306

         Renaissance Perspective   314

  Art and Its Contexts

         Women Artists in the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance   296

         The Competition Reliefs   290



13 Art of the High Renaissance and Reformation  324 

Looking Forward   325

Italian Art of the High Renaissance   326

Venice and the Veneto   341

Mannerism   348

French Art   353

German Art   354

Painting and Prints   366

The Reformation and the Arts   369

Netherlandish and Spanish Art   361

Looking Back   365

A CLOSER LOOK    The French Ambassadors   360

 Elements of Architecture

         St. Peter’s Basilica   340

  Art and Its Contexts

         The Vitruvian Man   327

         Women Patrons of the Arts   343

         Veronese is Called Before the Inquisition   346



14 Seventeenth-Century Art in Europe  366 

Looking Forward   367

Rome   368

Spain   380

Flanders   383

The Dutch Republic   387

France   396

Looking Back   401

A CLOSER LOOK    Allegory of Sight   386


         Etching and Drypoint   389

  Art and Its Contexts

         Science and the Changing Worldview   395

         Grading the Old Masters   398



15 Art of the Americas  402 

Looking Forward   403

Mesoamerica   405

The Olmecs   405

Teotihuacan   406

The Maya   407

The Aztecs   409

Central America   412

South America: The Central Andes   412

The Moche Culture   413

The Inca Empire   415

The Aftermath of the Spanish Conquest   416

North America   416

Early Cultures of the East   418

The Southwest   420

The Eastern Woodlands and the Great Plains   422

Looking Back   427

A CLOSER LOOK    Aztec Calendar Stone   411

 Elements of Architecture

         Inca Masonry   416


         Basketry   422

  Art and Its Contexts

         Hamatsa Masks   425



16 African Art  428 

Looking Forward   429

Early African Art   430

Nok   431

Ife and Benin   431

Jenné and Great Zimbabwe   454

African Art in the Modern Era: Living Traditions
            and New Trends   436

Art and Domestic Life   436

Art and the Spirit World   437

Art and Power   439

The Art of Imitation   442

Art and Death   444

Looking Back   445

A CLOSER LOOK    A Palace Door   440


         Lost-Wax Casting   432

  Art and Its Contexts

         The Myth of “Primitive” Art   434

         Mande Pots   437

         Kuba Funerary Mask   443



17 European and American Art, 1715–1840  446 

Looking Forward   447

Rococo   448

Moralizing Narrative Painting   450

Portraiture   453

Neoclassicism and Romanticism   457

Neoclassical Painting in France   459

Neoclassical Architecture in England   462

Romantic Painting and Printmaking in France and Spain   464

Romantic Landscape Painting in England, America, and Germany   469

Looking Back   473

A CLOSER LOOK    Georgian Silver   463


         Lithography   466

  Art and Its Contexts

         “Am I Not a Man and a Brother?”   452

         Art Academies in the Eighteenth Century   452



18 European and American Art, 1840–1910  474 

Looking Forward   475

Architecture   477

Enduring Neoclassicism in Academic Art   481

Reactions against the Academy   481

Art Nouveau   484

Photography   485

Realism   488

Early French Realist Painters   488

“The Painter of Modern Life”   490

A Continuing American Tradition   492

Impressionism   495

Post-Impressionism   500

Late Nineteenth-Century French Sculpture   507

Looking Back   509

A CLOSER LOOK    Mahana no atua (Day of the God)   501


         The Photographic Process   486

  Art and Its Contexts

         Orientalism   480

         Japonisme   503



19 Modern Art in Europe and the Americas, 1900–1945   510

Looking Forward   511

Early Modernism in Europe   513

Les Fauves   513

Die Brücke and Expressionism   514

Der Blaue Reiter   515

Cubism   516

Responses to Cubism   519

Dada   522

Modern Art Comes to the United States   525

European Art between the Wars   528

Constructivism   528

de Stijl   529

Architectural Purism   531

The Bauhaus   532

Surrealism   515

Sculpture   538

North American Art between the Wars   539

The United States   539

The Harlem Renaissance   541

Mexico   543

Canada   545

Architecture   545

Looking Back   549

A CLOSER LOOK    Portrait of a German Officer   526

  Elements of Architecture

         The International Style   532

         The Skyscraper   546

  Art and Its Contexts

         Suppression of the Avant-Garde in Germany   534

         Guernica   537



20 Art Since 1945  550 

Looking Forward   551

Abstract Expressionism   552

Assemblage   558

Pop Art   561

Minimalism and Process Art   565

Conceptual and Performance Art   567

Earthworks and Site-Specific Art   568

Feminist Art   569

The Persistence and Global Impact of Modernism   573

Postmodernism   575

Neo-Expressionism   575

Social Commentary and Moral Activism   576

Identity, Race, and Ethnicity   577

Installation: Electronic and Video Art   580

New Ideas in Traditional Materials   584

Postwar Architecture   587

Public Memory and Art: The Memorial   589

Looking Back   591

A CLOSER LOOK    Man’s Love Story   574

  Art and Its Contexts

         Greenberg and the Idea of the Mainstream   554

         Homage to New York   561

         “High” and “Low” Culture in the Myth of Modernism   562

         Appropriation and the “Death of the Author”   565

         Critical Theory   581



Contemporary World Map   604

Glossary   605

Bibliography   612

Index   621

Credits   634

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