Assessment of Student Achievement

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  • Edition: 9th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-03-04
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Provides teachers with assessment strategies that work to improve student learning. Offers a balanced, concise, and practical guide for testing and performance assessment linked to effective classroom instruction and learning. Guides teachers, assessment specialists, and professional development coordinators in preparing and use classroom tests and performance assessments and assigning grades and interpreting standardized test scores to students and parents. Written for teachers, training and development professionals, and education assessment specialists in grades K-12.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. v
Achievement Assessment and Instructionp. 1
Relation Between Instruction and Assessmentp. 3
Assessment in the Instructional Processp. 4
Other Ways Assessments Can Aid Learningp. 10
Teachers' Standards for Student Assessmentp. 12
Summary of Pointsp. 13
References and Additional Readingp. 14
Nature of Student Assessmentp. 15
Major Types of Assessment Methodsp. 16
Guidelines for Effective Student Assessmentp. 19
Norm-Referenced and Criterion-Referenced Assessmentp. 24
Summary of Pointsp. 27
References and Additional Readingp. 27
Planning for Assessmentp. 29
Using Taxonomies as a Guidep. 30
Role of Instructional Objectivesp. 34
Preparing for Assessmentp. 38
Types of Assessment Proceduresp. 38
Validity and Reliability in Assessment Planningp. 40
Summary of Pointsp. 43
References and Additional Readingp. 44
Validity and Reliabilityp. 45
Validityp. 46
Reliabilityp. 58
Summary of Pointsp. 67
References and Additional Readingp. 68
Preparing and Using Achievement Testsp. 69
Specifying the Instructional Objectivesp. 70
Preparing the Test Specificationsp. 72
Considerations in Constructing Relevant Test Itemsp. 75
General Guidelines for Item Writingp. 81
Arranging the Items in the Testp. 83
Preparing Directionsp. 83
Administering and Scoring the Testp. 85
Analyzing the Effectiveness of Test Itemsp. 85
Summary of Pointsp. 89
References and Additional Readingp. 90
Writing Selection Items: Multiple Choicep. 91
Nature of Multiple-Choice Itemsp. 92
Rules for Writing Multiple-Choice Itemsp. 93
Summary of Pointsp. 107
References and Additional Readingp. 108
Writing Selection Items: True-False, Matching, and Interpretive Exercisep. 109
True-False Itemsp. 110
Matching Itemsp. 116
The Interpretive Exercisep. 119
Summary of Pointsp. 124
References and Additional Readingp. 125
Writing Supply Items: Short Answer and Essayp. 126
Short-Answer Itemsp. 127
Essay Questionsp. 131
Summary of Pointsp. 141
References and Additional Readingp. 141
Performance Assessmentsp. 143
Components of Performance Skillsp. 144
Stating Objectives for Performance Assessmentp. 145
Restricted and Extended Performance Tasksp. 146
Steps in Preparing Performance Assessmentsp. 147
Making Performance Assessments More Authenticp. 168
Summary of Pointsp. 169
References and Additional Readingp. 170
Preparing for Performance Assessmentsp. 171
Prepare the Environmentp. 172
Prepare the Studentp. 172
Prepare the Observerp. 174
Diagnostic Performance Assessmentsp. 176
Summary of Pointsp. 176
References and Additional Readingp. 177
Portfolio Assessmentp. 178
Advantages of Using Classroom Portfoliosp. 180
Planning for the Use of Portfoliosp. 180
Evaluating the Portfoliop. 184
Summary of Pointsp. 189
References and Additional Readingp. 190
Grading and Reportingp. 191
Selecting the Basis for Gradingp. 192
Combining Data for Gradingp. 197
Electronic Gradingp. 200
Guidelines for Effective and Fair Gradingp. 201
Reporting to Students and Parentsp. 202
Summary of Pointsp. 204
References and Additional Readingp. 205
Interpreting Standardized Achievement Test Scoresp. 206
Features of Standardized Achievement Testsp. 207
Interpreting Norm-Referenced Scoresp. 208
Criterion-Referenced Interpretationp. 220
Summary of Pointsp. 220
References and Additional Readingp. 222
Revised Edition of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectivesp. 223
Glossaryp. 227
Indexp. 229
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