Asset Building & Community Development

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-08-14
  • Publisher: Sage Pubns
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"This text provides practical insight and examples not available in other texts" - Desna Wallin , University of GeorgiaThe Second Edition of Asset Building and Community Development examines the promise and limits of community development. Authors Gary Paul Green and Anna Haines provide an engaging, thought-provoking, and comprehensive approach to asset building by focusing on the role of different forms of community capital in the development process. Updated throughout, this edition explores how communities are building on their key assets-physical, human, social, financial, environmental, political, and cultural capital.New to the Second Edition Provides a more in-depth discussion of the role of assets in local development: Students are able to make stronger connections between the theory and practice of community development. Presents a broader treatment of the community development field: Community-based organizations are explored, including faith-based organizations, youth-oriented organizations, and neighborhood associations. Traces the history of community development: Chapters on cultural and political capital have been added. Offers updated resources for students and practitioners: In addition to exercises and questions, each chapter concludes with case studies, additional references, Web sites, and videos.Intended AudienceThis is an ideal core textbook for undergraduate courses such as Community Development, Community Planning, and Urban Sociology in departments of sociology, urban and regional planning, political science, economics, urban studies, and geography.Meet the authors!    Gary Green's website www.drs.wisc.edu/green                                  Anna Haines website  www.uwsp.edu/cnr/landcenter/

Table of Contents

The Role of Assets in Community-Based Development
Whither Community?
Growth Versus Development People Versus Place
The Challenge of Regionalism
Asset Building Public Participation
The Role of Community-Based Organizations
Models of Community Development Self-Help
Technical Assistance
Summary and Conclusions
A History of Community Development in America
The Evolution of Community Development
The Progressive Era
The New Deal
Urban Renewal and Area Redevelopment
The War on Poverty
Retrenchment during the Nixon and Reagan Administrations
The Clinton Years
The Bush Administration
Recurring Issues in Community Development
Race Gender
Summary and Conclusions
The Community Development Process Public Participation
Community Organizing
Community Visioning
The Roots of Visioning: Context and History
Comprehensive-Rational Planning
Advocacy Planning
Strategic Planning Visioning
Timing and Momentum Workshops
Goals and Strategy Development
Developing Action Plans
Monitor, Evaluate and Revise
Community-Based Research
When is a Survey Appropriate?
What is the Best Technique for Conducting Surveys?
Evaluation of Visioning Processes
Summary and Conclusions
The Role of Community-Based Organizations
Community Development Corporations
Three Generations of CDCs 1960s Activist Organizations
1970s Specialization 1980s and 1990s
Professionalized Debates Over CDCs
Institutional Support for CDCs
Local Development Corporations Organizational Structure of LDCs
LDC Activities Outcomes and Impacts of LDC Activities
Neighborhood Associations
Community Youth Organizations
Faith-Based Organizations
Summary and Conclusions
Chapter 5
Workforce Development Issues
Key Concepts and Debates
Community-Based Organizations and Workforce Development
Context for Workforce Development
Key Actors and Institutions
Data on Local Labor Markets
Developing Goals and Strategies
Prepare the Future Workforce
Sustaining the Workforce
Upgrading the Workforce
Expanding the Workforce
Promoting Entrepreneurship
Summary and Conclusions
Social Capital: Building Trust, Norms and Networks
Social Capital Definition and Issues
Key Concepts and Debates
Community-Based Organizations and Social Capital
Social Capital and Local Economic Development
Assessing Social Capital
Summary and Conclusions
Physical Capital: The Role of Housing in Community Development Housing Issues
The Problem Key Concepts and Debates
The Debate over Affordable Housing
The Federal Government Role in Housing
Role of Community-Based Organizations in Housing Provision
Models of Community Based Housing Provision
Summary and Conclusions
Financial Capital: Community Credit Institutions
Financial Capital Issues
Key Concepts and Debates
Community Credit Institutions
Context for Community Credit Institutions
Key Actors and Institutions
Community Economic Development Finance
Assessing Local Credit Markets
Strategies for Building Local Credit Markets
Build Community Development Financial Institutions
Pressure Local Credit Institutions to Serve Community
Use Informal Credit Markets
Identify External Sources of Credit
Summary and Conclusions
Environmental Capital: Controlling Land Development
Forms of Environmental Capital
Aesthetic Qualities/Scenic Resources Agricultural Land Resources
Geographic Setting and Soils Human Health/Environmental Hazards
Plant Communities Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat Surface Water Resources/Water Supply
Groundwater/Water Supply
Land Use and Environmental Capital
Smart Growth and New Urbanism Brownfields
The Roles of Government and the Market
The Government
The Market Community-Based Organizations
What is a Community Land Trust?
What Do Land Trusts Do?
Why Do People Choose Land Trusts?
Do Land Trusts Work?
Summary and Conclusions
Political Capital: Organizing for Power Key Concepts and Debates
Methods Community-Based Organizations and Political Capital Power Models
Information Models
Summary and Conclusions
Cultural Capital
Cultural Capital Definition and Is
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