9780415447126

Avoided Deforestation: Prospects for Mitigating Climate Change

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415447126

  • ISBN10:

    0415447127

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-05-11
  • Publisher: Routledge

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Summary

Deforestation and forest degradation account for up to a fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions, including carbon dioxide. It thus contributes substantially to global climate change, which is a threat to people, economies and the environment. Avoided deforestation can be characterized as the use of financial incentives to reduce rates of deforestation, with much of the focus on forests in tropical countries. The idea of 'reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation' (REDD) expands the concept of avoided deforestation to include reductions in forest degradation as well.

Author Biography

Charles Palmer is currently a Senior Researcher at the Institute for Environmental Decisions at the ETH Zurich in Switzerland, specializing in environmental and development economics. Stefanie Engel is Professor of Environmental Policy and Economics at the Institute for Environmental Decisions at the ETH Zurich in Switzerland

Table of Contents

List of contributorsp. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xi
List of abbreviationsp. xii
Introduction: reducing CO2 emissions through avoided deforestation?p. 1
Cost effectiveness of avoided deforestationp. 9
Costs of avoided deforestation as a climate change mitigation optionp. 11
Economics of avoiding deforestationp. 39
Assessing the economic potential for reducing deforestation in developing countriesp. 49
Policy and institutional barriers to avoided deforestationp. 69
International policy and institutional barriers to reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countriesp. 71
Reducing carbon emissions by slowing deforestation: REDD initiatives in Brazilp. 90
Choosing avoided deforestation baselines in the context of government failure: the case of Indonesia's plantations policyp. 110
Will credits from avoided deforestation in developing countries jeopardize the balance of the carbon market?p. 130
Insights for effective and efficient avoided deforestation policyp. 149
Leakage from avoided deforestation compensation policy: concepts, empirical evidence and corrective policy optionsp. 151
A scalable approach for setting avoided deforestation baselinesp. 173
Human choices and policies' impacts on ecosystem services: improving evaluations of payment and park effects on conservation and carbonp. 192
Increasing the efficiency of forest conservation: the case of payments for environmental services in Costa Ricap. 208
Role of risk in targeting payments for environmental servicesp. 217
Prospects for mitigating climate change through avoided deforestation: conclusions and outlookp. 235
Indexp. 251
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