Avoiding Archaeological Disasters: Risk Management for Heritage Professionals

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2009-08-31
  • Publisher: Routledge

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You think it can't happen to you, but it can. One day, months into your construction project, your front end load operator runs into bones and wooden slats. Your county coroner says it is not a crime scene, and refers you to the local archaeology department. The archaeologist tells you that it is a very important discovery. Work stops. Archaeological discoveries happen all the time in the course of projects. Most are manageable, some are less so, and some are mismanaged, wasting time and money. If you are not prepared, the consequences can be disastrous. This book is for project engineers, project managers, construction managers, the staff of affected government agencies, and archaeological consultants. In its pages you receive enough information, enough archaeological perspective, to intelligently work with the various parties involved in your project and avoid an archaeological disaster.

Table of Contents

Illustrationsp. 7
Tablesp. 8
Prefacep. 9
Acknowledgmentsp. 11
Disaster of the Superintendent's Path Markingp. 12
Introductionp. 13
Why Archaeology?p. 15
Governmental Oversightp. 15
Defining Archaeologyp. 17
Avoiding a Problemp. 21
Organization of the Bookp. 23
The Anatomy of Two Archaeological Disastersp. 25
The Blaine Wastewater Treatment Facility Expansion Projectp. 26
The Port Angeles Graving Dockp. 39
Summaryp. 55
Addressing Archaeological Risks during Early Project Planningp. 57
Obtaining Expertisep. 58
Initiating Contacts with Stakeholdersp. 63
Identifying Regulatory and Other Requirementsp. 64
Preparing the Initial Archaeological Assessmentp. 65
Summaryp. 69
Implementing Archaeological Measures to Reduce Risksp. 71
Identifying Important Archaeological Resources in the Project Areap. 72
Mitigating Effectsp. 74
Archaeological Monitoring during Constructionp. 75
Addressing Inadvertent Discoveriesp. 76
Disseminating Findingsp. 77
Summaryp. 77
The Risk Matrix: A Tool for Managing Archaeological Risksp. 79
The Archaeological Risk Assessment Processp. 79
Applying the Matrixp. 87
The Archaeological Risk Assessment Reportp. 90
Summaryp. 92
Case Studiesp. 93
Disaster on Broadway: The African Burial Groundp. 94
Disaster on the Missouri: The Yankton Sioux and Their Beloved White Swanp. 96
Near Disaster on the Columbia: Saving the Manhattan Project Landfillp. 103
Human Burialsp. 107
The Magnitude of the Problemp. 107
Why Are Human Remains Important?p. 108
Issues Surrounding Modern, Historic, and Ancient Cemeteriesp. 108
How to Avoid Burial Groundsp. 113
What to Do If Burials are Discoveredp. 114
Respect for Human Remains: Sound Risk Management for Projects and for Relationshipsp. 116
Guidance from the World Archaeological Congressp. 118
Principles for Avoiding an Archaeological Disasterp. 119
Concluding Commentp. 120
Afterword: Sacramento City Hall Expansion Project: Another Inconvenient Truthp. 121
World Bank Guidance on Issues Surrounding Cultural Propertyp. 123
Professional Archaeological Organizationsp. 127
Selected Ethical Codes from Heritage Management Associationsp. 131
A Global Guide to Heritage Managementp. 137
Glossary: Archaeological, Heritage Resource Management, and Project Management Termsp. 153
Referencesp. 163
Indexp. 167
About the Authorsp. 176
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