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9780472111954

Banished Immortal

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780472111954

  • ISBN10:

    0472111957

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-04-01
  • Publisher: Univ of Michigan Pr

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Summary

In 1737, an obscure painter, poet, and scholar, Shi Zhenlin, published a dreamy rambling memoir in which he described a talented and persecuted peasant woman poet named Shuang-qing. Because of her exquisite beauty, people assumed she was a banished immortal, a divine being who had been expelled from Heaven for one incarnation in the human realm. Shi Zhenlin quoted many of Shuangqing's poems and song lyrics, and in the following two centuries, she became famous as China's only great peasant woman poet. Using Shi Zhenlin's memoir as a window on Chinese literary culture in the eighteenth century, Paul S. Ropp traces the evolution of Shuangqing's place in Chinese culture from the eighteenth century to the present. By way of extensive translations and analysis of Shi Zhelin's memoir and of Shuangqing's poetry, Ropp demonstrates how changing interpretations of Shuangqing and her poetry reflect changing cultural concerns and preoccupations. In the nineteenth century, she was cited and praised to illustrate the accomplishments of women authors and the high cultural level of her region. In the early twentieth century, some Chinese scholars admired Shi Zhenlin's Shuangqing narrative for exemplifying "modern" romantic and aesthetic values, while others dismissed Shi as a fabricator whose peasant woman poet was no more than a fictional reflection of his own narcissism and self pity. Scholars in Mao Zedong's China hailed Shuangqing as a female peasant genius who triumphed against the gender and class persecution of a repressive feudal system. Ropp also takes account of his own journey of discovery, exploring how one historian goes about reconstructing China's past and breathing life into it. Several chapters and many illustrations feature his 1997 investigative trip to Jintan and Danyang, the rural counties in Jiangsu Province where Shuangqing supposedly lived. This highly personal account is designed to introduce a general audience to the pleasures, pitfalls, rigors, and surprises involved in the exploration of China's rich cultural heritage. Readers themselves will become full participants in this most intriguing search for China's peasant woman poet. Paul S. Ropp is Professor of History, Clark University.

Author Biography

Paul S. Ropp is Professor of History, Clark University.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgments xix
Maps
xx
Departure: ``Soft-Sleeper to Nanjing''
1(16)
First Encounters
17(12)
Portraits
29(14)
Biographer
43(22)
Searching for Xiaoshan, Part I
65(16)
Poems
81(13)
Lyrics
94(17)
Searching for Xiaoshan, Part 2
111(15)
Flirtations and Admirers
126(28)
Doubts and Silences
154(22)
Conversations in Jintan
176(16)
Contemporary Scholarship
192(13)
Clues
205(14)
Reincarnations
219(21)
Exploring Danyang
240(18)
Reflections
258(15)
Guide to Sources and Further Reading 273(6)
Bibliography 279(10)
Index 289

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