Basic Construction Materials

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2005-01-01
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


This new edition of a classic presents in-depth coverage of the most important materials used in the construction industry-aggregates, asphalt, asphalt concrete, masonry, Portland cement, Portland cement concrete, ferrous metals, and wood. Metric information is included for those engaged in international work, U.S. government work, or any job requiring metric analysis. The text reflects the latest industry standards and fully prepares students for entry into the construction industry or for further study in construction methods. Some of the key features include: bull; bull;Current industry standards from ASTM and ACI. bull;New illustrations and examples.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
The Construction Processp. 1
Need for Materials with Various Qualitiesp. 4
Selecting Materialsp. 6
Properties of Materialsp. 7
Thermal Expansionp. 7
Thermal Conductivityp. 8
Strength and Stressp. 9
Modulus of Elasticityp. 14
Elastic and Plastic Propertiesp. 16
Sources of Informationp. 17
Inspection and Testingp. 19
Standardsp. 21
Review Questionsp. 22
Aggregatesp. 24
Definitionsp. 25
Sourcesp. 26
Methods of Extraction and Processingp. 29
Underwater Sourcesp. 29
Land Sourcesp. 31
Rock Typesp. 33
Properties and Usesp. 35
Miscellaneous Usesp. 36
Aggregate and Strengthp. 38
Compactionp. 45
Pavement Basep. 48
Stabilizing Aggregatep. 51
Permeability and Filtersp. 52
Testsp. 56
Size and Gradationp. 56
Surface Areap. 64
Weight-Volume Relationshipsp. 65
Specific Gravityp. 69
Deleterious Matterp. 72
Miscellaneous Propertiesp. 75
Samplingp. 77
Special Aggregatesp. 81
Review Questionsp. 82
Asphaltp. 85
Historyp. 85
Natural Asphaltp. 86
Bituminous Materialsp. 86
Tarp. 87
Asphaltp. 87
Asphalt Productionp. 87
Asphalt Cementsp. 87
Liquid Asphaltsp. 89
Asphalt Testingp. 91
Asphalt Cementsp. 91
Liquid Asphaltsp. 96
Asphalt Emulsionsp. 99
Air-Blown Asphaltsp. 102
Effects of Temperature and Viscosityp. 104
Asphalt Pavementsp. 105
Determining Required Pavement Thicknessp. 106
Traffic Analysisp. 107
Subgrade Evaluationp. 107
Asphalt Paving-Mix Designp. 111
Types of Asphalt Pavement Constructionp. 111
Plant Mixp. 111
Mixed-in-Place (Road Mix)p. 112
Slurry Sealp. 112
Recycled Asphalt Concretep. 113
Asphalt Spray Applicationsp. 114
Surface Treatments and Seal Coatsp. 114
Tack Coats and Prime Coatsp. 115
Penetration Macadamp. 115
Asphalt Plantsp. 115
Types of Asphalt Plantsp. 120
Storage of Hot-Mix Asphaltp. 122
Estimating Asphalt Concretep. 124
Preparation of Unpaved Surfacesp. 125
Prepared Subgradep. 126
Untreated Basep. 127
Nonsurfaced Aggregate Roadwaysp. 127
Paved Surfacesp. 127
Flexible-Type Pavementsp. 127
Rigid-Type Pavementsp. 129
Inspection of Mixp. 130
Mix Deficienciesp. 131
The Paving Operationp. 131
The Asphalt Paverp. 132
Hand-Spreading Operationsp. 133
The Roller Operationp. 134
Pavement Densityp. 135
Auxiliary Equipmentp. 139
Asphalt Distributorp. 139
Motor Graderp. 139
Windrowing Equipmentp. 140
Incidental Toolsp. 140
Asphalt Roofing Productsp. 141
Asphalt Pipe Coatingsp. 143
Asphalt Mulch Treatmentsp. 144
Asphalt Joint Materialsp. 144
Review Questionsp. 144
Portland Cement Concretep. 146
Historyp. 148
Manufacture of Portland Cementp. 148
Chemical Composition of Portland Cementp. 149
Physical Properties of Portland Cementp. 154
Water-Cement Reactionp. 155
Types of Portland Cementp. 157
ASTM Type I (Normal)p. 157
ASTM Type II (Moderate Heat or Modified)p. 157
ASTM Type III (High-Early-Strength)p. 159
ASTM Type IV (Low Heat)p. 159
ASTM Type V (Sulfate-Resisting)p. 159
Air-Entraining Portland Cementsp. 159
White Portland Cementp. 159
Portland Blast-Furnace Slag Cementsp. 160
Portland-Pozzolan Cementsp. 160
Masonry Cementsp. 160
Special Portland Cementsp. 160
Mixing Waterp. 160
Aggregatesp. 163
Admixturesp. 168
Proportioning Concrete Ingredientsp. 175
Concrete Estimatingp. 176
Concrete Manufacturingp. 177
Concrete Mixingp. 177
Concrete Mixing Methodsp. 178
Testing Concretep. 180
Compressive Strength Testsp. 183
Nordestructive Test Methodsp. 189
The Rebound Hammerp. 189
The Penetration Probep. 192
Pulloutp. 192
Ultrasonicp. 192
Placement of Concretep. 193
Curing Concretep. 204
Precast Concrete Productsp. 206
Review Questionsp. 214
Iron and Steelp. 219
Structure and Compositionp. 219
Production of Ferrous Metalsp. 221
Ironp. 223
Steelp. 226
Steel Tensile Testp. 232
Steel Protectionp. 234
Structural Steelp. 235
Structural Connectionsp. 241
Rivetingp. 241
Weldingp. 241
Boltsp. 245
High-Strength Boltsp. 246
Reinforcing Steelp. 248
Ferrous Metal Pipep. 251
Review Questionsp. 253
Woodp. 255
Growth of Treesp. 255
Lumber Productionp. 261
Seasoningp. 263
Strengthp. 269
Lumber Classificationp. 280
Organizationsp. 280
Gradingp. 281
Special-Use Woodp. 287
Deterioration of Woodp. 287
Firep. 289
Preservation of Woodp. 291
Typical Treated Wood Productsp. 292
Glued Laminated Woodp. 294
Plywoodp. 298
Softwood Plywoodp. 299
Hardwood Plywoodp. 301
Gluep. 303
Mechanical Fastenersp. 304
Review Questionsp. 306
Masonryp. 309
Clay Masonryp. 309
Brickp. 310
Tilep. 310
Raw Materials for Clay Masonryp. 310
Manufacturing Clay Masonryp. 310
Strength of Clay Masonryp. 315
Absorption of Clay Masonryp. 315
Clay Masonry Colorsp. 316
Masonry Standardsp. 316
Concrete Masonryp. 316
Raw Materials for Concrete Masonry Unitsp. 317
Manufacturing Concrete Masonry Unitsp. 319
Strength of Concrete Masonry Unitsp. 322
Absorption of Concrete Masonry Unitsp. 323
Dimensional Changes in Concrete Masonry Unitsp. 325
Mortarp. 326
Groutp. 331
Fire Ratings of Concrete Masonryp. 331
Thermal Properties of Concrete Masonryp. 332
Acoustical Properties of Concrete Masonryp. 335
Estimating Masonry Materialsp. 335
Quality of Masonry Constructionp. 337
Review Questionsp. 339
Appendixesp. 341
Metricsp. 343
Formulas for Areas and Volumesp. 349
ASTM Standards Relating to Aggregatesp. 350
ASTM Standards Relating to Asphalt Concretep. 393
ASTM Standards Relating to Concretep. 399
ASTM Standards Relating to Masonryp. 453
ACI Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavyweight, and Mass Concretep. 510
APA--The Engineered Wood Association Design Tables for Glulam Garage Door Headers and Substituting Glulam for Steel or Solid-Sawn Lumber Beamsp. 548
Indexp. 560
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.


InBasic Construction Materials,Seventh Edition, I present some of the basic materials used in the construction industry. I introduce these materials to prepare the reader for further academic course work in construction and engineering programs, or for entering the construction industry. The basic materials selected are as follows: Aggregates Asphalt, asphalt concrete Portland cement, Portland cement concrete Masonry Ferrous metals Wood These materials are widely used in construction and represent those over which field people in the industry have the most control. Shaping these materials to final size, protecting them from the elements, and fitting them together are accomplished in the field to a greater extent than with most other materials. The format of this book consists of text material as well as industry standards from the American Concrete Institute (ACI), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and the Engineered Wood Association, to be used as laboratory references. Because the construction industry is undergoing metrication, the appendix to this book also includes valuable metric information. I appreciate the continued assistance of the engineering, construction, and manufacturers' associations that have provided valuable information for this book. Comments and assistance from my teaching and construction industry colleagues, as well as from my students, have been very helpful and are gratefully acknowledged. In addition, particular thanks are due to Kelly Seitter, Ferris State University and Eugene H. Wright, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, for their assistance with the seventh edition text review. I would also like to acknowledge the continued support and assistance afforded me by the editorial staff at Prentice Hall. As with any publication, any errors or omissions are the responsibility of the author. Therefore, I would appreciate notification of-such, as well as suggested improvements, at marotthe@hvcc.edu. T.W.M.

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