Beyond Liberal Democracy : Political Thinking for an East Asian Context

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  • Copyright: 2008-09-02
  • Publisher: Princeton Univ Pr
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Is liberal democracy appropriate for East Asia? In this provocative book, Daniel Bell argues for morally legitimate alternatives to Western-style liberal democracy in the region.Beyond Liberal Democracy, which continues the author's influential earlier work, is divided into three parts that correspond to the three main hallmarks of liberal democracy--human rights, democracy, and capitalism. These features have been modified substantially during their transmission to East Asian societies that have been shaped by nonliberal practices and values. Bell points to the dangers of implementing Western-style models and proposes alternative justifications and practices that may be more appropriate for East Asian societies. If human rights, democracy, and capitalism are to take root and produce beneficial outcomes in East Asia, Bell argues, they must be adjusted to contemporary East Asian political and economic realities and to the values of nonliberal East Asian political traditions such as Confucianism and Legalism. Local knowledge is therefore essential for realistic and morally informed contributions to debates on political reform in the region, as well as for mutual learning and enrichment of political theories. Beyond Liberal Democracyis indispensable reading for students and scholars of political theory, Asian studies, and human rights, as well as anyone concerned about China's political and economic future and how Western governments and organizations should engage with China.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introduction: One Size Doesn't Fit Allp. 1
The Uniquely Parochial Development of Liberal Democracyp. 4
Human Rights for an East Asian Contextp. 9
Democracy for an East Asian Contextp. 11
Capitalism for an East Asian Contextp. 14
A Note on the Culturally Sensitive Approach to Political Theorizingp. 17
Human Rights for an East Asian Context
Just War and Confucianism: Implications for the Contemporary Worldp. 23
The Ideal World versus the Nonideal Worldp. 24
General Confucian Principles of Good Governmentp. 31
Mencius on Just and Unjust Warp. 35
Implications for Contemporary Societiesp. 40
Human Rights and "Values in Asia": Reflections on East-West Dialoguesp. 52
Trade-offs and Prioritiesp. 55
Asian Justifications for Human Rightsp. 62
Values in Asia versus Western Liberalism: Justifiable Moral Differences?p. 72
Cross-Cultural Dialogues on Human Rights: What Is the Point?p. 78
The Ethical Challenges of International Human Rights NGOs: Reflections on Dialogues between Practitioners and Theoristsp. 84
The Challenge of Cultural Conflictp. 87
The Challenge of Dealing with Global Povertyp. 92
The Challenge of Dealing with States That Restrict the Activities of INGOsp. 103
The Challenge of Fund-Raisingp. 107
Implications for INGOs in East Asiap. 111
Democracy for an East Asian Context
What's Wrong with Active Citizenship? A Comparison of Physical Education in Ancient Greece and Ancient Chinap. 121
Two Ancient Civilizationsp. 123
Why Compare State-Sponsored Physical Education in the Two Ancient Civilizations?p. 132
Political Competition and Sports Competitionp. 134
Commercial Societies, Leisure Time, and the Pursuit of Physical Excellencep. 143
Implications for Contemporary East Asian Societiesp. 146
Taking Elitism Seriously: Democracy with Confucian Characteristicsp. 152
Political Elitism and Democracy: Two Important Valuesp. 153
Institutionalizing Confucian Democracyp. 162
Is Democracy the "Least Bad" System for Minority Groups?p. 180
Some Definitionsp. 185
Democracy and Nation Buildingp. 190
Implications for Outside Prodemocracy Forcesp. 202
Democratic Education in a Multicultural Context: Lessons from Singaporep. 206
Singapore's Political Historyp. 207
Racism in the Classroom?p. 211
Inclusive Multiculturalismp. 215
Beyond Singapore?p. 218
Capitalism for an East Asian Context
Culture and Egalitarian Development: Confucian Constraints on Property Rightsp. 231
On the Selection of Feasible and Desirable Confucian Values for Modern Societiesp. 234
The Overriding Value of Material Welfarep. 237
The Value of Care for Needy Family Membersp. 243
Exporting Confucianism?p. 251
East Asian Capitalism for an Age of Globalizationp. 255
East Asian Capitalism and Economic Productivityp. 259
East Asian Capitalism and Social Welfarep. 271
Implications for Public Policyp. 278
Justice for Migrant Workers? The Case of Migrant Domestic Workers in East Asiap. 281
The Political Concerns of Foreign Domestic Workers in Hong Kong and Singaporep. 283
Should Foreign Domestic Workers Be Given Equal Rights?p. 290
The Role of Culturep. 305
Migrant Domestic Workers in Mainland Chinap. 313
Responses to Critics: The Real and the Idealp. 323
Selected Bibliographyp. 343
Indexp. 369
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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