9780195131604

Blood Feuds AIDS, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780195131604

  • ISBN10:

    0195131606

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1999-03-18
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

In the mid-1980s public health officials in North America, Europe, Japan,and Australia discovered that almost half of the hemophiliac population, as wellas tens of thousands of blood transfusion recipients, had been infected withHIV-tainted blood. This book provides a comparative perspective on thepolitical, legal, and social struggles that emerged in response to the HIVcontamination of the industrialized world's blood supply. It describes how eightnations responded to the first signs that AIDS might be transmitted throughblood, and how they falteringly arrived at and finally implemented measures tosecure the blood supply. The authors detail the remarkable saga of themobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the state, the medicalestablishment, and even their own caregivers as they sought recompense andjustice. In the end, the blood establishments in almost every advancedindustrial nation were shaken. In Canada, the Red Cross was forced to withdrawfrom blood collection and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical firms thatmanufactured clotting factor agreed to massive compensation -- $500,000 perhemophiliac infected. In France, blood officials went to prison. Even inDenmark, where the number of infected hemophiliacs was relatively small, thestruggle and litigation surrounding blood has resulted in the most protractedlegal and administrative conflict in modern Danish history. Blood Feuds bringstogether chapters on the experiences of the United States, Japan, France,Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with four comparative essays thatshed light on the cultural, institutional, and economic dimensions of theHIV/blood disaster.

Table of Contents

Contributors xi
Introduction: Understanding the Blood Feuds 1(18)
Ronald Bayer
Eric Feldman
Part I National Encounters with Blood and AIDS
Blood and AIDS in America: Science, Politics, and the Making of an latrogenic Catastrophe
19(40)
Ronald Bayer
HIV and Blood in Japan: Transforming Private Conflict into Public Scandal
59(36)
Eric A. Feldman
The Nation's Blood: Medicine, Justice, and the State in France
95(32)
Monika Steffen
From Trust to Tragedy: HIV/AIDS and the Canadian Blood System
127(34)
Norbert Gilmore
Margaret A. Somerville
The Never-Ending Story? The Political and Legal Controversies over HIV and the Blood Supply in Denmark
161(30)
Erik Albæk
Blood ``Scandal'' and AIDS in Germany
191(22)
Stephan Dressler
Blood, Bureaucracy and Law: Responding to HIV-Tainted Blood in Italy
213(30)
Umberto Izzo
HIV-Contaminated Blood and Australian Policy: The Limits of Success
243(30)
John Ballard
Part II Comparative Perspectives on the Politics of Medical Disaster
Cultural Perspectives on Blood
273(20)
Dorothy Nelkin
The Politics of Blood: Hemophilia Activism in the AIDS Crisis
293(30)
David Kirp
The Circulation of Blood: AIDS, Blood, and the Economics of Information
323(44)
Sherry Glied
Conclusion: The Comparative Politics of Contaminated Blood: From Hesitancy to Scandal
349(18)
Theodore R. Marmor
Patricia A. Dillon
Stephen Scher
Index 367

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