A Brief History of Chinese Civilization

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  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-01-01
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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This compelling text explores the development of China through its art, religion, literature, and thought as well as through their economic, political, and social history.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiv
About the Authorsp. xv
The Classical Civilization of Chinap. 1
"China" in Antiquityp. 2
The Neolithic Agep. 3
The Rise of the Bronze Agep. 6
Erlitou and Xiap. 7
The Shangp. 7
The Origins of Chinese Writingp. 8
Oracle Bonesp. 9
Bronze Vesselsp. 13
Other Bronze Age Civilizationsp. 14
The Western Zhou Dynastyp. 16
The Odesp. 19
Turbulent Times and Classical Thoughtp. 23
The Spring and Autumn Periodp. 24
The Warring States Periodp. 26
"The Hundred Schools"p. 31
The Analectsp. 31
Mozip. 33
Menciusp. 36
Xunzip. 38
Laozi and Zhuangzip. 40
Han Feizip. 43
The Early Imperial Periodp. 46
The Qinp. 47
Sources and Historiographical Problemsp. 47
Reappraisalsp. 50
The Hanp. 52
The Formative Yearsp. 52
The Quality of Han Rulep. 54
The Xiongnu and Other Neighboring Peoplesp. 55
Intellectual Movementsp. 57
Poetryp. 60
Genderp. 61
Changes in Political Economy during the Han Periodp. 65
The Fall of the Hanp. 72
China in a Buddhist Agep. 75
The Fundamentals of Buddhismp. 76
China during the Period of Disunityp. 81
A World in Disarrayp. 82
China Dividedp. 84
The Northern Wei (386-534)p. 84
Buddhism in the Northp. 86
Daoism-The Religionp. 89
The Southp. 91
Poetryp. 92
Calligraphyp. 93
Paintingp. 95
Buddhism in the Southp. 96
China on the Eve of Reunificationp. 97
The Cosmopolitan Civilization of the Sui and Tang: 581-907p. 99
The Sui (581-617)p. 100
The Tang: Establishment and Consolidationp. 101
Gaozong and Empress Wup. 105
High Tangp. 107
City Life in the Capital Chang'anp. 108
The Flourishing of Buddhismp. 111
Institutionallyp. 111
Aestheticallyp. 112
Intellectuallyp. 113
Pure Land and Chanp. 114
The Hungry Ghost Festivalp. 115
Daoismp. 116
The Rebellion of An Lushan (755-763)p. 116
Li Bai and Du Fup. 118
Late Tangp. 121
Late Tang Poetry and Culturep. 122
Collapse of the Dynastyp. 124
Late Imperial/Early Modern Periodp. 127
China during the Song: 960-1279p. 129
The Foundingp. 130
The New Elitep. 130
The Examination Systemp. 132
The Northern Song (960-1127)p. 133
Government and Politicsp. 134
Wang Anship. 136
The Economyp. 138
The Religious Scenep. 141
The Confucian Revivalp. 144
Poetry and Paintingp. 144
The Southern Song (1127-1279)p. 148
Southern Song Cities and Commercep. 148
Literary and Visual Artsp. 150
"Neo-Confucianism"p. 152
Values and Genderp. 155
The Endp. 157
The Mongol Empire and the Yuan Dynastyp. 159
Chinggis Khan: Founding of the Mongol Empirep. 160
China under the Mongols: The Early Years (1211-1260)p. 163
Kublai Khan and the Early Yuanp. 165
The Yuan Continued (1294-1355)p. 167
The Economyp. 168
Societyp. 169
Religionp. 169
Cultural and Intellectual Lifep. 170
"Northern" Dramap. 172
Paintingp. 175
Rebellions and Disintegrationp. 179
The Ming Dynasty: 1368-1644p. 181
The Early Ming (1368-1424)p. 182
Maritime Expeditions (1405-1433)p. 185
The Early Middle Period (1425-1505)p. 186
The Later Middle Period (1506-1590)p. 188
Economy and Societyp. 190
Literacy and Literaturep. 192
The Novelp. 193
Dramap. 194
Paintingp. 195
Ming Thought-Wang Yangmingp. 198
Religionp. 199
Ming Thought after Wang Yangmingp. 200
Dong Qichang and Late Ming Paintingp. 202
Late Ming Government (1590-1644)p. 202
East Asia and Modern Europe: First Encountersp. 208
The Portuguese in East Asiap. 209
The Jesuits in Japanp. 211
The Impact of Other Europeansp. 213
The "Closing" of Japanp. 214
The Jesuits in Chinap. 216
The Rites Controversyp. 218
The Decline of Christianity in Chinap. 219
Trade with the West and the Canton Systemp. 221
The Qing Dynastyp. 223
The Founding of the Qingp. 224
Early Qing Thinkers and Paintersp. 227
The Reign of Kangxip. 230
Yongzhengp. 231
Qianlongp. 232
Eighteenth-Century Governancep. 233
Eighteenth-Century Literati Culturep. 234
Fictionp. 236
A Buoyant Economyp. 239
Social Changep. 240
Ecologyp. 243
Dynastic Declinep. 243
China in the Modern Worldp. 245
Internal Crises and Western Intrusionp. 247
The Opium War and Taiping Rebellionp. 248
The Opium War (1839-1841) and Its Causesp. 248
The Treaty of Nanjing and the Treaty Systemp. 253
Internal Crisisp. 255
The Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864)p. 256
Zeng Guofan and the Defeat of the Taipingsp. 258
China and the World from the Treaty of Nanjing to the End of the Taipingsp. 260
1870-1894p. 261
The Post-Taiping Revivalp. 262
Self-Strengthening-The First Phasep. 262
Self-Strengthening-The Theoryp. 264
The Empress Dowager and the Governmentp. 265
Educationp. 267
Economic Self-Strengtheningp. 268
The Traditional Economic Sectorp. 269
Missionary Efforts and Christian Influencesp. 270
Old and New Wine in Old Bottlesp. 272
Foreign Relationsp. 274
Continued Pressuresp. 274
Vietnam and the Sino-French War of 1884-1885p. 274
China: Endings and Beginnings, 1894-1927p. 277
The Last Years of the Last Dynastyp. 278
The New Reformersp. 278
The Scramble for Concessionsp. 280
The Boxer Risingp. 281
Winds of Changep. 282
Stirrings of Protest and Revolutionp. 283
Eleventh-Hour Reformp. 284
The Revolution of 1911p. 285
From Yuan Shikai to Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi)p. 286
Yuan Shikaip. 286
The Warlord Erap. 288
Intellectual Fermentp. 289
Intellectual Alternativesp. 290
Cultural Alternativesp. 291
Marxism in China: The Early Yearsp. 294
The GMD and Sun Yat-Sen (1913-1923)p. 295
GMD and CCP Cooperation (1923-1927)p. 296
The Breakp. 298
Establishment of the Nationalist Governmentp. 299
Building a New Chinap. 301
China under the Nationalistsp. 302
China: The Nanjing Decade-An Uneasy Peacep. 303
China: The Nanjing Decade-Domestic Policiesp. 303
The Chinese Communists (1927-1934)p. 306
The Long Marchp. 307
United Front and Warp. 309
Expansion of the War into a Pacific Warp. 312
The Course of the Warp. 313
China at Warp. 314
Japan at Warp. 317
The End of World War IIp. 318
Taiwanp. 318
China: Civil War and Communist Triumph (1946-1949)p. 321
China under Mao: 1949-1976p. 325
Consolidation and Construction Soviet Style, 1949-1958p. 326
Government and Politicsp. 326
Foreign Relations and the Korean Warp. 327
Economic Policiesp. 328
Thought Reform and Intellectualsp. 330
The Revolution Continued, 1958-1976p. 332
The Great Leap Forward and the Great Faminep. 333
The Sino-Soviet Splitp. 335
Domestic Politics, 1961-1965p. 338
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution: The Radical Phase, 1966-1969p. 339
The Winding Down, 1969-1976p. 342
The Chinese World since Mao 3p. 47
Deng Xiaoping and the Four Modernizationsp. 348
The Four Cardinal Principlesp. 350
Intellectual Life and the Arts in the 1980sp. 351
Tiananmenp. 353
State, Economy, and Society after 1989p. 354
The Environmentp. 357
The Revival of Religionp. 359
Foreign Relations and Hong Kongp. 360
Intellectuals and Artists after 1989p. 362
Taiwanp. 368
Afterwordp. 373
International Tensionsp. 374
Economic Globalizationp. 375
Contending Trendsp. 376
Cultural Globalizationp. 377
Appendix: Suggestions for Further Studyp. 380
Notesp. 395
Indexp. 411
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