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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-01-01
  • Publisher: Pearson Prentice Hall
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Lester Faigley understands how students learn best.The design and approach ofThe Brief Penguin Handbookstarted with ideas and suggestions from real students, and thus it is uniquely successful when it comes to giving students the information they need in a format they will actually use. This handbook continues to innovate in its design as well as its content to make handbook topics accessible. The third edition does this with enhanced visual examples, a new section on writing across the curriculum, more student samples than ever, and expanded documentation coverage including a new five-step guide to the documentation process. Research coverage has also been augmented to acknowledge that students begin their research online rather than in the library, and new "staying on track" boxes have been added to help students check themselves and avoid getting lost in the writing process.

Table of Contents


1 Think as a Writer

            1a Think about the process of communication

            1b Think about how to persuade others

1c Think about your audience

            1d Think about your credibility

            1e Think about your purpose

2 Plan and Draft

            2a Think about the expectations of college readers

2b Establish your goals

            2c Explore your topic

            2d Write a working thesis

2e Plan a strategy

            2f Compose a draft

            2g Write as a member of a team

3 Compose Paragraphs

            3a Focus your paragraphs

            3b Organize your paragraphs

            3c Make your paragraphs coherent

            3d Consider paragraph length

            3e Link across paragraphs

            3f Write effective beginning and ending paragraphs

4 Rewrite, Edit, and Proofread

            4a Switch from writer to reader

            4b Learn strategies for rewriting

            4c Respond to other writers’ drafts

            4d Edit for particular goals

            4e Proofread carefully

            4f Learn to edit the writing of others



5 Read and View with a Critical Eye

            5a Become a critical reader

            5b Read actively

            5c Recognize verbal fallacies

            5d Become a critical viewer

            5e Recognize visual fallacies

6 Write to Analyze

            6a Understand the goal of a rhetorical analysis

            6b Analyze the context and the text

            6c Organize and write a rhetorical analysis

            6d Sample rhetorical analysis

            6e Analyze images and other visual texts

7 Write to Reflect

            7a Find a reflective topic

            7b Identify a focus

            7c Organize and write a reflection

            7d Sample reflective essay

8 Write to Inform

            8a Find an informative topic

            8b Narrow your topic and write a thesis

            8c Organize and write an informative essay

            8d Sample informative essay

9 Write Arguments

            9a Position arguments and proposal arguments

9b Find an arguable topic

            9c Make an arguable claim

9d Organize and write a position argument

            9e Sample position argument

            9f Organize and write a proposal argument

            9g Sample proposal arguments



10 Learn to Write in Academic Disciplines

            10a Become an academic writer

            10b What counts as evidence in the disciplines?

11 Write in Specific Genres

            11a Write an essay examination

            11b Write an observation

            11c Write a case study

            11d Write a lab report in the sciences

            11e Write a letter of application

            11f Write a résumé

12 Write about Literature

            12a Become a critical reader of literature

            12b Develop an interpretation

            12c Write a literary analysis

            12d Sample literary analysis



13 Communicate with Words, Images, and Graphics

            13a Write in multimedia

            13b Think about verbal and visual relationships

            13c Know where images and graphics work best

            13d Know where words work best

14 Design for Print and the Screen

            14a Start with your readers

            14b Design pages

            14c Choose type

14d Compose images

14e Edit images

14f Create tables, charts, and graphs

14g Design a Web site

15 Design Presentations

            15a Plan a presentation

            15b Design visuals for a presentation

            15c Deliver an effective presentation



16 Plan Your Research

16a Analyze the research task

16b Find a topic

16c Determine what kind of research you need

16d Draft a working thesis

16e Start a working bibliography

17 Find and Evaluate Sources in Databases

17a Know the strengths of database sources

17b Find information in databases

17c Construct effective database searches

17d Evaluate database sources

17e Locate elements of a citation in database sources

18 Find and Evaluate Sources on the Web

18a Know the strengths and weaknesses of Web sources

18b Find reliable Web sources

18c Construct effective Web searches

18d Find visual sources online

18e Evaluate Web sources

18f Locate elements of a citation in Web sources

19 Find and Evaluate Print Sources

19a Know the strengths of print sources

19b Find books

19c Find journal articles

19d Evaluate print sources

19e Locate elements of a citation in print sources

20 Plan Field Research

20a Know what you can obtain from field research

20b Conduct interviews

20c Administer surveys

20d Make observations

21 Incorporate Sources and Avoid Plagiarism

21a Understand the purposes of sources

21b Incorporate sources

21c Avoid plagiarism

21d Quote sources without plagiarizing

21e Summarize and paraphrase sources without plagiarizing

22 Write and Revise the Research Project

22a Revisit your research

22b Plan your organization

22c Write a draft

22d Select and introduce quotations

22e Review your draft

22f Revise, revise, revise



Five Steps for Documenting Sources

            1 Which documentation style do I use?

            2 What kind of source am I using?

            3 When do I cite sources?

            4 How do I cite a source in my paper?

            5 How do I cite sources at the end of my paper?

23 MLA Documentation

            23a In-text citations in MLA style

            23b Books in MLA-style works cited

            23c Journals and magazines

            23d Newspapers

            23e Government documents, pamphlets, dissertations, and letters

            23f Library database publications

            23g Online publications

            23h CD-ROM, software, and unedited online sources

            23i Visual sources

            23j Multimedia sources

            23k Informational notes

23l Sample research paper with MLA documentation

24 APA Documentation

            24a In-text citations in APA style

            24b Books and nonperiodical sources in the APA-style references list

            24c Periodical sources

            24d Online sources

            24e Visual, computer, and multimedia sources

            24f Sample paper with APA documentation

25 CMS Documentation

            25a Books and nonperiodical sources in CMS-style citations

            25b Periodical sources

            25c Online and computer sources

            25d Multimedia sources

            25e Sample pages with CMS documentation

26 CSE Documentation

            26a In-text citations in CSE style

            26b Books and nonperiodical sources in CSE-style references

            26c Periodical sources

            26d Online sources

            26e Sample pages with CSE documentation



27 Write with Power

27a Pay attention to verbs

27b Stay active

27c Find agents

27d Vary your sentences

27e Give your writing personality

28 Write Concisely

28a Eliminate unnecessary words

28b Reduce wordy phrases

28c Simplify tangled sentences

29 Write with Emphasis

29a Manage emphasis in sentences

29b Forge links across sentences

29c Use parallel structure with parallel ideas

29d Use parallel structure with lists

29e Use parallel structure in paragraphs

30 Find the Right Words

30a Be aware of levels of formality

30b Be aware of denotation and connotation

30c Use specific language

30d Use effective figurative language

31 Write to Be Inclusive

31a Be aware of stereotypes

31b Be inclusive about gender

31c Be inclusive about race and ethnicity

31d Be inclusive about other differences

31e Recognize international varieties of English



32 Grammar Basics

            32a Sentence basics

            32b Word classes

            32c Clauses

            32d Phrases

            32e Sentence types

33 Fragments, Run-ons, and Comma Splices

            33a Fragments

            33b Run-on sentences

            33c Comma splices

34 Subject-Verb Agreement

            34a Agreement in the present tense

            34b Singular and plural subjects

            34c Indefinite pronouns as subjects

            34d Collective nouns as subjects

            34e Inverted word order

            34f Amounts, numbers, and pairs

35 Verbs

            35a Basic verb forms

            35b Irregular verbs

            35c Transitive and intransitive verbs

            35d Shifts in tense

            35e Shifts in mood

36 Pronouns

            36a Pronoun case

            36b Pronoun agreement

            36c Problems with pronouns and gender

            36d Vague reference

37 Modifiers

            37a Choose the correct modifier

            37b Place adjectives carefully

            37c Place adverbs carefully

            37d Revise disruptive modifiers

            37e Revise dangling modifiers



38 Commas

            38a Commas with introductory elements

            38b Commas with compound clauses

            38c Commas with nonrestrictive modifiers

            38d Commas with items in a series

            38e Commas with coordinate adjectives

            38f Commas with quotations

            38g Commas with dates, numbers, titles, and addresses

38h Commas to avoid confusion

            38i Unnecessary commas

39 Semicolons and Colons

            39a Semicolons with closely related main clauses

            39b Semicolons together with commas

            39c Colons in sentences

            39d Colons with lists

40 Hyphens

            40a Hyphens with compound modifiers

            40b Hyphens with compound nouns

            40c Hyphens that divide words at the ends of lines

            40d Hyphens for clarity

41 Dashes and Parentheses

            41a Dashes and parentheses versus commas

            41b Dashes and parentheses to set off information

            41c Other punctuation with parentheses

            41d Other punctuation with dashes

42 Apostrophes

            42a Possessives

            42b Contractions and omitted letters

            42c Plurals of letters, symbols, and words referred to as words

43 Quotation Marks

            43a Direct quotations

            43b Titles of short works

            43c Other uses of quotation marks

            43d Misuses of quotation marks

            43e Other punctuation with quotation marks

44 Other Punctuation Marks

            44a Periods

            44b Question marks

            44c Exclamation points

            44d Brackets

            44e Ellipses

            44f Slashes

45 Write with Accurate Spelling

            45a Know the limitations of spelling checkers

            45b Distinguish homonyms

46 Capitalization and Italics

            46a Capital letters

            46b Italics

47 Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Numbers

            47a Abbreviations

            47b Acronyms

            47c Numbers



48 Write in a Second Language

            48a Understand the demands of writing in a second language

            48b Use your native language as a resource

            48c Use dictionaries

            48d Understand English idioms

49 Nouns, Articles, and Prepositions

            49a Kinds of nouns

            49b Count and noncount nouns

            49c Singular and plural forms

            49d Articles

            49e Prepositions

50 Verbs

            50a Types of verbs

            50b Be verbs

            50c Modal auxiliary verbs

            50d Verbs and infinitives

            50e Verbs and -ing verbals

            50f Conditional sentences

            50g Participial adjectives

            50h Phrasal verbs

51 English Sentence Structure

            51a Subjects

            51b English word order

            51c Placement of modifiers

51d Adjectives with prepositions


Glossary of Grammatical Terms and Usage

Index to Exercises



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