The British Press

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-09-01
  • Publisher: Open University Press
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This exciting book offers a practical introduction to the history, theory, politics and potential future of British newspapers. Focussing on the relationship between the press and political history, it examines their social and political impact, assessing the press's contribution to enlarging and informing the public sphere.

Author Biography

Mick Temple is Professor of Politics and Journalism, at Staffordshire University, UK.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgementsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
From Gutenberg to mass mediump. 3
Introduction: early newsp. 3
The birth of printp. 4
The Civil War and Glorious Revolutionp. 6
The beginning of 'the public sphere'p. 9
The development of a national pressp. 11
The slow rise and sharp fall of the radical pressp. 15
The triumph of a free press? The 'fourth estate' mythp. 19
Conclusionp. 20
Further readingp. 20
The shock of the new: the rise of the 'popular press'p. 22
Introduction: the birth of the popular daily pressp. 22
The rise of 'new journalism'p. 24
Political parties and the pressp. 25
A crisis in the public spherep. 27
Alfred Harmsworth, Lord Northcliffep. 28
The press and the First World Warp. 31
The era of the press barons: the interwar yearsp. 33
Politics and the press baronsp. 34
The press and fascismp. 36
A mass readershipp. 37
Conclusionp. 38
Further readingp. 40
The press and the Second World War: the triumph of radiop. 41
Introduction: the press's road to warp. 41
War is declaredp. 43
Wartime media regulationp. 44
The Dunkirk spiritp. 47
A radicalised and mass public spherep. 49
The press and the 1945 general electionp. 51
Conclusionp. 52
Further readingp. 54
The post-war press and the decline of deference...and salesp. 55
Introduction: press freedom in a centralised statep. 55
The party's over: the long fall in circulation and titlesp. 57
The Suez crisis and the pressp. 59
The television age arrivesp. 60
The decline of deferencep. 61
Murdoch arrives: the Sun also risesp. 63
Changes in the public spherep. 68
Conclusionp. 70
Further readingp. 72
New technology: Wapping and beyondp. 73
Introductionp. 73
The lead-up to Wappingp. 73
The battle beginsp. 76
The post-Wapping bonanza-an enhanced public sphere?p. 80
The post-Wapping landscapep. 83
Today's newspapersp. 87
The 'quality' pressp. 87
The mid-market duop. 90
The redtopsp. 91
Conclusionp. 92
Further readingp. 93
The local pressp. 94
Introductionp. 94
A brief historyp. 95
The local press todayp. 98
Control and regulationp. 100
The 'regional' pressp. 101
Challenges for the local pressp. 104
Advertising and the local pressp. 105
Local politicians, the local press and the public spherep. 106
Power in the localp. 108
The digital future for local papers?p. 111
Conclusionp. 112
Further readingp. 112
Theories of news production and news valuesp. 114
Introductionp. 114
A pluralist environment?p. 115
Elitist perspectivep. 116
Marxist perspectivep. 116
Manufacturing consent? The press as propagandap. 116
From control to chaos?p. 119
The nature of media influencep. 120
News valuesp. 122
The pluralistic assumptions of journalistsp. 123
Conclusionp. 127
Further readingp. 128
Censorshipp. 130
Introductionp. 130
What is censorship? And why does it matter?p. 131
Government 'censorship'p. 132
Censorship by ownersp. 135
The role of advertisersp. 137
Censorship by journalistsp. 138
Other controlsp. 140
The abdication crisis: King Edward VIII and 'that woman'p. 140
Modern war and modern media: censorship rulesp. 142
A right to privacy?p. 145
The Net: the end of censorship?p. 147
Conclusionp. 149
Further readingp. 149
Spin, public relations and the pressp. 151
Introductionp. 151
Spin and the art of 'spin doctoring'p. 152
A brief history of political spinp. 154
Spinning a web of deceit? Alastair Campbell and the Iraq Warp. 159
The increasing necessity of spinp. 162
The non-political spin doctors: the rise of public relationsp. 164
A crisis of independent journalism?p. 165
The impact of spin and PR on the public spherep. 168
Conclusionp. 169
Further readingp. 171
Newspapers and 'dumbing down'p. 172
Introductionp. 172
The dumbing down debatep. 173
Newspapers and dumbing down: a new culture of celebrity?p. 175
The dumbing down of the 'quality' pressp. 178
Have quality newspapers really dumbed down?p. 178
In defence of dumbing down: the need for an informed publicp. 180
The local press and dumbing downp. 181
Dumbing down and the public spherep. 184
Conclusionp. 186
Further readingp. 187
The press and democracy: speaking for the public?p. 188
Introductionp. 188
Tribunes of the people?p. 188
Newspapers and the invocation of public opinionp. 193
A well informed public?p. 196
Do newspapers provide a forum - or the illusion of a forum?p. 197
Newspaper influence over the publicp. 200
Conclusion: a new space for public opinion?p. 204
Further readingp. 205
Future imperfect?p. 206
Introductionp. 206
Optimism or pessimism: the future for printp. 207
The press under attack: failing the public spherep. 208
The online future: the importance of trustp. 211
Are we all journalists now?p. 212
The future of political journalismp. 213
Conclusion: put your faith in journalistsp. 214
Bibliographyp. 218
Indexp. 245
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