Buddhist Philosophy Essential Readings

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  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2009-04-21
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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The Buddhist philosophical tradition is vast, internally diverse, and comprises texts written in a variety of canonical languages. It is hence often difficult for those with training in Western philosophy who wish to approach this tradition for the first time to know where to start, anddifficult for those who wish to introduce and teach courses in Buddhist philosophy to find suitable textbooks that adequately represent the diversity of the tradition, expose students to important primary texts in reliable translations, that contextualize those texts, and that foregroundspecifically philosophical issues. Buddhist Philosophy fills that lacuna. It collects important philosophical texts from each major Buddhist tradition. Each text is translated and introduced by a recognized authority in Buddhist studies. Each introduction sets the text in context and introduces the philosophical issues it addressesand arguments it presents, providing a useful and authoritative guide to reading and to teaching the text. The volume is organized into topical sections that reflect the way that Western philosophers think about the structure of the discipline, and each section is introduced by an essay explainingBuddhist approaches to that subject matter, and the place of the texts collected in that section in the enterprise. This volume is an ideal single text for an intermediate or advanced course in Buddhist philosophy, and makes this tradition immediately accessible to the philosopher or student versed in Western philosophy coming to Buddhism for the first time. It is also ideal for the scholar or student ofBuddhist studies who is interested specifically in the philosophical dimensions of the Buddhist tradition.

Author Biography

William Edelglass is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Marlboro College. Previously he taught at the Institute of Buddhist Dialectics, Dharamsala, India. His research focuses on Buddhist philosophy, environmental philosophy, and twentieth century continental philosophy.
Jay Garfield is Doris Silbert Professor in the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy at Smith College. His books include the translations of Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika: The Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way (OUP, 1995); Tsong khapa's Ocean of Reasoning (OUP, 2002), and Empty Words: Buddhist Philosophy and Cross-Cultural Interpretation (OUP, 2006).

Table of Contents

Contributorsp. xv
Introductionp. 3
Metaphysics and Ontologyp. 9
Theravada Metaphysics and Ontology: Kaccanagotta (Samyutta-nikaya) and Abhidhammatthasangahap. 13
Nagarjuna's Mulamadhyamakakarika (Fundamental Verses of the Middle Way): Chapter 24: Examination of the Four Noble Truthsp. 26
Vasubandhu's Trisvabhavanirdesa (Treatise on the Three Natures)p. 35
Santaraksita's "Neither-One-Nor-Many" Argument from Madhyamakalamkara (The Ornament of the Middle Way): A Classical Buddhist Argument on the Ontological Status of Phenomenap. 46
Mipam Namgyel: The Lion's Roar Affirming Extrinsic Emptinessp. 61
Dushun's Huayan Fajie Guan Men (Meditative Approaches to the Huayan Dharmadhatu)p. 73
Dogen's "Mountains and Waters as Sutras" (Sansui-kyo)p. 83
Nishitani Keiji's "The Standpoint of Zen: Directly Pointing to the Mind"p. 93
Philosophy of Language and Hermeneuticsp. 103
Sensation, Inference, and Language: Dignaga's Pramanasamuccayap. 107
Jnanagarbha's Verses on the Distinction between the Two Truthsp. 116
Language and the Ultimate: Do Madhyamikas Make Philosophical Claims? A Selection from Khedrupjey's Stong thun chen mo (Great Digest)p. 126
Zongmi's Yuanren Iun (Inquiry into the Origin of the Human Condition): The Hermeneutics of Doctrinal Classificationp. 138
Dogen's Shobogenzo, Fascicles "Katto" and "Osakusendaba"p. 149
Beyond Awareness: Torei Enji's Understanding of Realization in the Treatise on the Inexhaustible Lamp of Zen, chapter 6p. 159
Epistemologyp. 171
The Approach to Knowledge and Truth in the Theravada Record of the Discourses of the Buddhap. 175
Dharmakirti and Dharmottara on the Intentionality of Perception: Selections from Nyayabindu (An Epitome of Philosophy)p. 186
The Role of Knowledge of Causation in Dharmakirti's Theory of Inference: The Pramana-varttikap. 197
Yogacara Theories of the Components of Perception: The Buddhabhumy-upadesap. 205
Classification of Non-Authoritative Cognitive Processes (tshad min) in the Ngog and Sakya Traditionsp. 218
Understanding the Two Truths: Tsongkhapa's Ocean of Reasoning: A Great Commentary on Nagarjuna's "Mulamadhyamakakarika"p. 224
The Deluded Mind as World and Truth: Epistemological Implications of Tiantai Doctrine and Praxis in Jingxi Zhanran's Jingangpi and Zhiguan yilip. 238
The Presencing of Truth: Dogen's Genjokoanp. 251
Philosophy of Mind and the Personp. 261
Theravada Philosophy of Mind and the Person: Anatta-lakkhana Sutta, Maha-nidana Sutta, and Milindapanhap. 265
Pudgalavada Doctrines of the Personp. 275
Vasubandhu's Abhidharmakosa: The Critique of the Pudgalavadins' Theory of Personsp. 286
Vasubandhu's Abhidharmakosa: The Critique of the Soulp. 297
Candrakirti's Madhyamakavatarabhasya 6.86-97: A Madhyamaka Critique of Vijnanavada Views of Consciousnessp. 309
Santaraksita's Tattvasamgraha: A Buddhist Critique of the Nyaya View of the Selfp. 320
Zhiyi's Great Calming and Contemplation: "Contemplating Mental Activity as the Inconceivable Realm"p. 334
"The Mind Is Buddha": Pojo Chinul's Secrets on Cultivating the Mindp. 348
Nishida's Conception of Personp. 358
Ethicsp. 371
Theravada Texts on Ethicsp. 375
The Bodhisattva Path: Santideva's Bodhicaryavatarap. 388
Asanga's Bodhisattvabhumi: The Morality Chapterp. 400
Essentials on Observing and Violating the Fundamentals of Bodhisattva Precepts: Wonhyo's Non-Substantial Mahayana Ethicsp. 409
Thich Nhat Hanh's Interbeing: Fourteen Guidelines for Engaged Buddhismp. 419
Joanna Macy: The Ecological Selfp. 428
Buddhist Feminist Reflectionsp. 437
Indexp. 449
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