Building a More Resilient Haitian State

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-10-16
  • Publisher: RAND Corporation

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Hope for a prosperous and peaceful future for Haiti lies in building a more effective, resilient state. This report identifies the main challenges to more capable governance, evaluates existing plans for improving the delivery of public services, and proposes a realistic set of critical actions. The proposed state-building priorities merit the greatest degree of Haiti's and international donors' policy attention and financial commitment.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Figuresp. xi
Summaryp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxiii
Abbreviationsp. xxv
Introductionp. 1
Backgroundp. 9
Haiti's Challengesp. 13
Economic Developmentp. 13
Societyp. 15
State Administrationp. 16
Politicsp. 17
Consequences of the Earthquakep. 19
Haiti and Donorsp. 20
Governance and Public Administrationp. 27
The Challengesp. 28
Long-Standing Challengesp. 28
Consequences of the Earthquakep. 33
Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challengesp. 34
Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquakep. 34
Revised Plansp. 36
Recommendationsp. 39
Determine the Applicable Postearthquake Reform Planp. 39
Prioritize and Rationalize the Framework Programp. 39
Focus Attention and Resources on Civil Service Reformp. 40
Initiate Practical Steps Toward Decentralization and Deconcentrationp. 40
Offer Support to Parliament and Political Partiesp. 41
Keep Constitutional Reform Modest for Nowp. 41
Employ Donor Leverage to Secure Key Reformsp. 42
Justicep. 43
The Challengesp. 43
Long-Standing Challengesp. 44
Consequences of the Earthquakep. 47
Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challengesp. 48
Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquakep. 48
Revised Plansp. 51
Recommendationsp. 52
Devote Greater Attention to Justice Reformp. 53
Create a Mechanism for Resolving Real and Other Property Disputes Stemming from the Earthquakep. 53
Establish a Special Ad Hoc Panel for Detainee Reviewp. 54
Expand Prison Capacityp. 55
Build an Information-Management Systemp. 55
Securityp. 57
The Challengesp. 57
Long-Standing Challengesp. 57
Consequences of the Earthquakep. 59
Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challengesp. 59
Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquakep. 59
Revised Plansp. 66
Recommendationsp. 68
Build on the 2006 Reform Plan and Adapt It to the Postearthquake Situationp. 69
Support Building Basic Administrative Structuresp. 70
Create Institutionalized Links Between Police and Justicep. 70
Focus on a Police Force That the Haitians Need and Can Affordp. 71
Economic Policyp. 73
The Challengesp. 73
Impoverishmentp. 73
Inflationp. 74
Poor Business Environmentp. 74
Appraisal of Plans and Policies for Addressing the Challengesp. 75
Monetary Policyp. 75
Exchange-Rate Policyp. 76
Fiscal Policyp. 78
Financial-Sector Policiesp. 82
Policies to Improve the Business Environmentp. 83
Recommendationsp. 84
Assess Whether to Replace the Gourde with the U.S. Dollarp. 84
Streamline the Tax Systemp. 85
Improve the Environment for Businessp. 86
Housing and Infrastructurep. 87
The Challengesp. 87
Housingp. 88
Roadsp. 89
Seaports and Airportsp. 90
Electricityp. 90
Water and Sewagep. 91
Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challengesp. 92
Housingp. 92
Roadsp. 93
Seaports and Airportsp. 95
Electricityp. 96
Water and Sewagep. 97
Recommendationsp. 98
Take Immediate Steps to Accelerate the Removal of Rubblep. 98
Focus on Repairing and Maintaining Existing Roadsp. 99
Remove Remaining Restrictions on the Operations of Private Container Portsp. 99
Immediately Move to Raise Electric-Power Tariffs to Full Cost-Recovery Levelsp. 99
Educationp. 101
The Challengesp. 101
Long-Standing Challengesp. 101
Consequences of the Earthquakep. 105
Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challengesp. 107
Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquakep. 107
Revised Plansp. 109
Recommendationsp. 113
Strengthen Government Oversightp. 114
Expand Accessp. 115
Improve Qualityp. 117
Healthp. 121
The Challengesp. 121
Long-Standing Challengesp. 121
Consequences of the Earthquakep. 125
Appraisal of Plans and Initiatives for Addressing the Challengesp. 127
Plans and Initiatives Before the Earthquakep. 127
Revised Plansp. 129
Recommendationsp. 132
Focus on Strengthening Policymaking, Planning, Regulation, and Oversightp. 132
Establish Performance-Based Contracting Mechanism for Provision of Servicesp. 133
Reorganize Decentralized Health-Care Operationsp. 135
Build Human-Resource Capacityp. 136
Examine Health-Care Financing Optionsp. 137
Donor Cooperation and Building the Haitian Statep. 139
The Challengesp. 141
Appraisal of Donor Cooperation with Haitian State Institutionsp. 146
Recommendationsp. 149
Make the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission an Effective Decisionmaking Bodyp. 149
Strongly Support the Multidonor Trust Fundp. 151
Encourage Nongovernmental Organizations to Support State-Buildingp. 152
Facilitate Community Involvement and Information Flowp. 152
Appoint a Senior Coordinator for U.S. Policy and Assistance Programsp. 153
Exercise Donor Leveragep. 154
Conclusionp. 157
Strategic Frameworkp. 158
Prioritiesp. 158
Political Prerequisitesp. 162
Bibliographyp. 165
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