Cable Supported Bridges : Concept and Design

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  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-01-30
  • Publisher: Wiley

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14 years on from its last edition, Cable Supported Bridges: Concept and Design, 3rd Edition has been significantly updated with corrections and brand new imagery throughout. Since the appearance of the second edition the dynamic response of cable supported bridges has increased in focus, and this development is recognised with a new chapter on dynamic actions. Cable Supported Bridges concentrates on the synthesis of cable supported bridges covering both design and construction aspects. Featuring unique coverage of both suspension bridges and cable-stayed bridges, it presents simple mathematical expressions to give a first estimate on dimensions of the load carrying elements to be used in an initial computer input. The analytical part covers simple methods to quantify the different structural forms and allows a preliminary optimization of the main structure. It provides an invaluable, tried-and-tested resource for academics and engineers alike.

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Editionp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Evolution of Cable Supported Bridgesp. 7
Cablesp. 85
Basic Types of Cablesp. 85
Helical bridge strands (spiral strands)p. 85
Locked-coil strandsp. 87
Parallel-wire strands for suspension bridge main cablesp. 88
New PWS stay cablesp. 90
Parallel-strand stay cablesp. 91
Bar stay cablesp. 93
Multi-strand stay cablesp. 94
Parallel-wire suspension bridge main cablesp. 97
Comparison between different cable typesp. 101
Corrosion Protectionp. 102
Suspension bridge main cablesp. 102
Stay cablesp. 105
Mechanical Propertiesp. 109
Static strengthp. 109
Relaxationp. 111
Fatigue strengthp. 111
Hysteresis of helical strandsp. 113
The Single Cable as a Structural Elementp. 115
Transversally loaded cablep. 115
Axially loaded cablep. 126
Static Analysis of Cablesp. 131
Equation of state for a cable subjected to vertical loadp. 132
Stay cable under varying chord forcep. 135
Limit length and efficiency ratio of a stay cablep. 143
Bending of Cablesp. 148
Dynamic Behaviour of the Single Cablep. 157
Cable Systemp. 165
Introductionp. 165
Pure cable systemsp. 165
Cable steel quantity comparisonp. 170
Stability of the cable systemp. 173
Suspension Systemp. 179
Dead load geometryp. 179
Preliminary cable dimensionsp. 180
Quantity of cable steelp. 182
Quantity in the pylonp. 184
Total cost of cable system and pylonp. 185
Optimum pylon heightp. 185
Size effectp. 187
Structural systemsp. 188
Fan Systemp. 202
Anchor cablep. 202
Preliminary cable dimensionsp. 205
Quantity of cable steelp. 206
Quantity in the pylonp. 208
Simplified expressionsp. 208
Total cost of cable systems and pylonsp. 209
Comparison between suspension and fan systemp. 209
Inclined pylonsp. 210
Deformational characteristicsp. 213
Structural systemsp. 217
Reduction of sag variationsp. 221
Harp Systemp. 222
Dead load geometryp. 225
Intermediate supportsp. 226
Preliminary cable dimensionsp. 227
Quantity of cable steelp. 229
Quantity of the pylonp. 229
Simplified expressionsp. 231
Total costp. 231
Structural systemsp. 231
Hybrid Suspension and Cable Stayed Systemp. 235
Multi-Span Cable Systemp. 239
True multi-span cable supported bridgesp. 241
Non-traditional multi-span suspension bridgesp. 246
Fixing of column-type pylons to piersp. 249
Triangular pylon structuresp. 250
Horizontal tie cable between pylon topsp. 258
Comparison between deflections of different multi-span cable stayed systemsp. 261
Cable Systems under Lateral Loadingp. 265
Spatial Cable Systemsp. 272
Oscillation of Cable Systemsp. 278
Global oscillationsp. 278
Deck (Stiffening Girder)p. 287
Action of the Deckp. 287
Axial stiffnessp. 287
Flexural stiffness in the vertical directionp. 287
Flexural stiffness in the transverse directionp. 289
Torsional stiffnessp. 291
Supporting Conditionsp. 291
Distribution of Dead Load Momentsp. 299
The dead load conditionp. 302
Cross Sectionp. 310
Bridge floorp. 310
Cross section of the deckp. 310
Cross section of stiffening trussesp. 328
Partial Earth Anchoringp. 339
Limit of span length for self-anchored cable stayed bridgesp. 343
Axial compression in the deck of the self anchored cable stayed bridgep. 344
Lateral bending of the deckp. 346
Partial earth anchoring of a cable stayed bridgep. 346
Improving the lateral stabilityp. 348
Construction procedure for partially earth anchored cable stayed bridgesp. 349
Pylonsp. 353
Introductionp. 353
Structural Behaviour of the Pylonp. 353
Pylons Subjected Primarily to Vertical Forces from the Cable Systemp. 367
Pylons Subjected to Longitudinal Forces from the Cable Systemp. 399
Cross Sectionp. 405
Cable Anchorage and Connectionp. 413
Anchoring of the Single Strandp. 413
Connection between Cable and Deckp. 427
Connection between Main Cable and Hangerp. 433
Connection between Cable and Pylonp. 442
Connection between Cable and Anchor Blockp. 452
Erectionp. 463
Introductionp. 463
Construction of Pylonsp. 463
Erection of Suspension Bridge Main Cablesp. 472
Erection of Stay Cablesp. 486
Deck Erection - Earth Anchored Suspension Bridgesp. 489
Deck Erection - Self Anchored Cable Stayed Bridgesp. 501
Aerodynamicsp. 517
Historical Overviewp. 5)7
Nineteenth-century bridge failuresp. 517
Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapsep. 517
The Carmody Boardp. 520
The Fyksesund Bridgep. 520
The Bridge Deck and Pylonp. 520
Torsional divergencep. 520
Coupled flutterp. 524
Buffetingp. 526
Vortex-sheddingp. 531
Wind tunnel testingp. 532
During constructionp. 537
Effects of vehiclesp. 538
Pylon aerodynamicsp. 538
Vibration controlp. 541
Future trendsp. 543
Cablesp. 544
Introductionp. 544
Incidences of wind-induced cable vibrationsp. 544
Rain-wind-induced vibrationsp. 545
Dry gallopingp. 546
Scruton numberp. 549
Wake gallopingp. 550
Aerodynamic countermeasuresp. 551
Mechanical dampingp. 583
Cable aerodynamic dampingp. 557
Cross tiesp. 557
Particular Issuesp. 559
Pedestrian-Induced Vibrationsp. 559
Lateral vibrationsp. 559
Vertical vibrationsp. 562
Serviceability limit statesp. 565
Vibration controlp. 567
Seismic Designp. 568
Earthquake intensityp. 569
Pylon designp. 569
Deck designp. 571
Foundationsp. 571
Seismic analysisp. 573
Structural Health Monitoringp. 573
Equipmentp. 573
Snow and Ice Removal and Prevention Systemsp. 575
Mechanical removalp. 575
Thermal systemsp. 577
Passive protectionp. 577
Referencesp. 579
Indexp. 587
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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