The Call to Write, Brief Edition

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2010-02-19
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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Connecting writing to everyday life, THE CALL TO WRITE, Brief Fifth Edition, continues its long tradition of breaking new ground in composition. Organized by genres, including letters, memoirs, public documents, profiles, reports, commentaries, proposals, and reviews, this innovative rhetoric gives students the practice they need to write both in college and in the public sphere. An emphasis on public writing promotes civic involvement, while relevant, provocative readings help students understand the concept of being "called to write" in response to a personal, community, or societal need.

Table of Contents

Guide to Visual Design
Writing and Reading
Introduction: The Call to Write
Identifying and Responding to the Call to Write
Reflecting on Your Writing
What Is Writing?
Analyzing Literacy Events
Writing in Everyday Life
Keeping a Literacy Log
Writing in the Workplace
FEMA and Katrina
Memo to a Thief
Writing in the Public Sphere
Ethics of Writing: Graffiti
Gallery of Signs
Writing in School
High School Research Paper
College Response Paper
Analyzing a Literacy Event
"Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass"
"One Writer's Beginnings"
"Just Girls: Hidden Literacies and Life in Junior High"
Writing Assignment: Analyzing a Literacy Event
Understanding The Rhetorical Situation: The Choices Writers Make
The Rhetorical Situation Writer's Orientation Audience Genre
ACORN Katrina Survivors Association
Case Study: The Somali Pirates
Strategies for Reading First Questions to Ask of Readings
Doing a Close Reading
"Kill the Pirates"
Sample Summary of "Kill the Pirates" Describing the Writer's Strategy
Sample Description of a Writer's Strategy
Writing Strategies
Exercise: Doing a Close Reading
"You Are Being Lied to About Pirates"
Ethics of Reading: Boredom and Persistence
Analyzing the Rhetorical Situation: The Somali Pirates Writer's Orientation Audience
Checklist: Analyzing the Writer's Language
Figures of Speech
Analysis of a Rhetorical Situation
"My Culture at the Crossroads"
Sample Analysis
Writing Assignment: Analyzing the Rhetorical Situation
Persuasion And Responsibility: Analyzing Arguments
Working Together: Successful Persuasion
Understanding Argument
What Is Argument?
Dealing with Reasonable Differences
Ethics of Writing: The Writer's Responsibility
Exchange of Letters
What Do Readers Expect from Arguments?
Sample Argument
"Roadside Memorials"
Entering a Controversy
Analyzing Issues
Types of Issues
Issues of Substantiation
Issues of Evaluation
Issues of Policy
Sample Exploration of a Controversy
Taking a Position: From Issues to Claims
Developing a Persuasive Position
What Are the Rhetorical Appeals?
Analysis of Persuasive Appeals
"The Ballot or the Bullet" Ethos
Constructing an Appropriate Rhetorical Stance
Sample Letters of Application
Working Together: Rhetorical Stance
Making an Argument
What Are the Parts of an Argument?
Claims, Evidence, and Enabling Assumptions
Sample Evaluations
Questions to Ask About Evidence
Enabling Assumptions
Sample Interviews.
Working Together: Analyzing Claims, Evidence, and Enabling Assumptions
Differing Views 81
Summarize Differing Views Fairly and Accurately
Refuting Differing Views
Conceding Differing Views
Negotiating Differing Views
Negotiating Differences
Beyond Pro and Con
Dialogue with Others
An Electronic Exchange of Views
Recognizing Ambiguities and Contradictions
"Abortion Is Too Complex To Feel All One Way About"
Locating Common Ground
Call for a Moratorium on Executions
Rhetorical Analysis of an Argument
Sample Analysis of the Argument in "Call for a Moratorium on Executions"
Writing Assignment: Analyzing an Argument
Writing Projects
Introduction: Genres of Writing
Writing and Genre Knowledge
Thinking About the Genre
Open Letter
Meth Science Not Stigma: Open Letter to the Media
Letters to the Editor
"Commit a Crime, Suffer the Consequences"
Letter from Kristin Tardiff
Letter from John N. Taylor Text Messages
"The Pleasures of the Text"
Letter of Appeal
Doctors Without Borders/Medecins Sans Fronti?res (MSF)
Report: DRC: Treating Victims of War
Letter as Essay
"My Dungeon Shook: Letter to My Nephew"
Ethics of Writing: Using the Internet
Further Exploration: Letters
Rhetorical Analysis
Genre Awareness
Writing Assignment: Letters
Identifying the Call to Write
Understanding Your Readers
Background Research: Finding Models
Establishing the Occasion
Arranging Your Material
Working Draft
Beginnings and Endings: Using an Echo Effect
Using Topic Sentences
Peer Commentary
Strengthening Topic Sentences for Focus and Transition
Writers' Workshop
Michael Brody, Letter to the Editor
Michael Brody's Commentary
Reflecting on Your Writing
Thinking About the Genre
Writing from Experience
An American Childhood
"Fortunate Son"
"Teenage Angst in Texas"
Audio Memoirs
Story Corps Graphic Memoirs
"In the Shadow of No Towers"
"The Ninth Letter of the Alphabet: First-Person Strategies in Nonfiction"
Ethics of Writing: Bearing Witness
Further Exploration: Memoirs Rhetorical Analysis Genre Awareness
Writing Assignment: Memoirs
Past and Present Perspectives
Background Research: Putting Events in Context
Arranging Your Material
Selecting Details
Working Draft
Beginnings and Endings: Framing Your Memoir
Peer Commentary
From Telling to Showing
Writers' Workshop
Jennifer Plante's Commentary
Jennifer Plante, Sunday Afternoons
Reflecting on Your Writing
Public Documents
Thinking About the Genre
Writing from Experience
Declaration of Independence.
First Things First 2000
Encounters with Public Documents
My Own Country
The Struggle and the Tools
Amnesty International, Call on Kenya to Ease the Suffering of Nairobi's 2 Million Slum Dwellers
"Stimulate the Economy--Forgive Student Loans"
"Tiger Woods--Stand Up for Equality--Augusta National Golf Club"
Mission Statements
NRA Foundation
PEN Center USA
The Hiphop Archive
Advocacy Campaign
Greenpeace, Kleercut Campaign
Further Exploration: Public Documents
Genre Awareness
Writing Assignment: Public Documents
Clarifying Purpose, Audience, and Genre
Background Research: Understanding the Rhetorical Situation
Readability and the Visual Design of Public Documents
Working Draft
Tone and Rhetorical Distance
Peer Commentary
For the Design and Production of a Document
For Analysis of a Document
Locating Common Ground
Writers' Workshop
The Warehouse State Honor Code
Reflecting on Your Writing
Thinking About the Genre
Writing from Experience
"Insurgent Images: Mike Alewitz, Muralist"
Profiles and Publicity
Iwaskai Library, Emerson College
Phonak Ad
Profile of a Community Organization
"An Empire for Poor Working Women, Guided by a Gandhian Approach"
Photo Essay
"Cancer Alley: The Poisoning of the American South" Soundmap
"Folk Songs for the Five Points"
"A Conversation with Pauline Weissner: Where Gifts and Stories Are Crucial to Survival"
Ethics of Writing: Responsibility to the Writer's Subject
Further Exploration: Profiles
Rhetorical Analysis
Genre Awareness
Writing Assignment: Profile
Finding a Subject
Clarifying Your Purpose
Background Research: Deciding What Information You Need
Deciding on the Dominant Impression
Arranging Your Material
Working Draft
Beginnings and Endings: Letting Your Subject Have the Last Word
Peer Commentary
Establishing Perspective from the Beginning
Writers' Workshop
"A Lawyer's Crusade Against Tobacco" [Working Draft]
Richard Quitadamo's Commentary
Reflecting on Your Writing
Thinking About the Genre
Writing from Experience
News Reports
Associated Press, "Mentally Ill People Aren't More Violent, Study Finds"
"Studies of Mental Illness Show Links to Violence"
Fact Sheets
The Sentencing Project, "Facts About Prisons and Prisoners"
National Report
Pew Hispanic Center
Executive Summary
A Portrait of Unauthorized Immigrants
"Warmer, Fuzzier: The Refreshed Logo"
An Informational Web Site Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University, "The Triangle Factory Fire"
Scholarly and Popular Articles
"Uncertainty and the Use of Magic"
"Can a Lucky Charm Get You Through Organic Chemistry?"
Further Exploration: Reports
Rhetorical Analysis
Genre Awareness
Writing Assignment: Report
Clarifying Your Purpose and Your Readers' Need to Know
Background Research: Surveying the Information at Hand
Planning Organizing the Information
Drafting Introducing the Topic
Peer Commentary
Revising Getting the Right Order
Writers' Workshop
"Lost in a Smog"--Draft in Progress
Reflecting on Your Writing
Thinking About the Genre
Writing from Experience
"Remember When Public Spaces Didn't Carry Brand Names?"
"How to Fight the New Epidemics"
Spoof Ads
"Portraits of Thinking: An Account of a Common Laborer"
Art as Social Commentary
"Ethics of Writing: In Whose Interest?"
Further Exploration: Commentary
Rhetorical Analysis
Genre Awareness
Writing Assignment: Commentary
Naming the Topic
Background Research: Assessing Your Knowledge of the Topic
Identifying the Issue
Framing the Issue
Planning the Introduction
Planning the Ending
Working Draft
Emphasizing Your Main Point and Distinguishing Your Perspective
Peer Commentary
Maintaining a Reasonable Tone
Writer's Workshop
Rachel Smith, First Draft
Rachel Smith, Revised Version: Socially Acceptable Discrimination?
Interview with Rachel Smith
Reflecting on Your Writing
Thinking About the Genre
Writing from Experience
"Workers Without Borders"
Visualizing the Debate
About Undocumented Immigrants
Federation for American Immigration
Reform Movement for an Unconditional Amnesty
Community Group Proposal
The Be Green Neighborhood Association, "Proposal for a Neighborhood Street Tree Program"
Research Proposal
"Training Fighters, Making Men: A Study of Amateur Boxers and Their Trainers"
"Beware the Manipulation of the Funk"
Ethics of Writing: Problems and Conflicts
Further Exploration: Proposals
Rhetorical Analysis
Genre Awareness
Writing Assignment: Proposals
Background Research: Formulating the Problem
Assessing Alternatives
Relative Emphasis on the Problem and the Solution
Developing a Working Outline
Working Draft
Matching Problems and Solutions
Peer Commentary
Writers' Workshop
Proposal for a Campus Coffee House
Writers' Commentary
Reflecting on Your Writing
Thinking About the Genre
Writing from Experience
"The Queen: Beyonce, At Last"
Notice Reviews
Christian Hoard
"Beyonce, I Am ? Sasha Fierce"
"Orphan's Life Out of Hell Could Be a Game Show in Mumbai"
Travel Guides
"DK Eyewitness Top 10 Travel Guides: San Francisco"
"Slum Visits: Tourism or Voyeurism?"
Ethics of Writing: Reviewing as a Partisan Activity
Further Exploration: Reviews
Rhetorical Analysis
Genre Awareness
Writing Assignment: Reviews
Exploring Your Topic
Establishing Criteria of Evaluation
Assessing Your Criteria
Considering the Relation Between Description and Evaluation
Using Comparison and Contrast
Working Draft
Distinguishing Your Views
Peer Commentary
Options for Meaningful Endings
Writers' Workshop
"More Than Just Burnouts" [Working Draft]
Reflecting on Your Writing
Introduction: Doing Research and the Need to Know
The Research Process: Critical Essays And Research Projects
Understanding the Genre: Critical Essays and Research Projects
What Are Faculty Looking For?
Understanding Academic Writing
Sample Student Papers for Analysis
Sample Critical Essay in MLA Format
"Jigsaw Falling Into Place?: Radiohead and the Tip-Jar Model"
Sample Research Paper in APA Format
"The Prison Privatization Debate: The Need for a New Focus"
The Research Process: An Overview
Defining a Research Question
Analyzing the Assignment
Preliminary Research
Developing a Research Question
Writing a Proposal
Finding Sources
The Web and the Library: What They Offer Research Projects
What the Web Is Good For
What the Library Is Good For
How to Identify Relevant Sources
Keeping a Working Bibliography
Evaluating Sources
Making an Argument
Planning and Drafting Your Project
A Closing Note
Working With Sources
Working with Sources to Answer Your Research Question
What Is Plagiarism?
Avoiding Plagiarism: How to Cite Properly
What Do I Have to Cite?
Problem 1: Copying and Failing to Cite Properly
Problem 2: Copying Sentence Structure and Failing to Cite Properly
Options for Integrating Sources
Short Quotations
Long Quotations
Fitting Quotations to Your Sentences
Quotations Within Quotations
Checklist for Using Quotes Effectively
Do You Need the Quote?
Is It Clear Where Sources Start and Stop?
Are Sources Used Purposefully or Just Strung Together?
Do You Provide Commentary Where It Is Needed?
Documenting Sources: MLA and APA Style
In-text Citations
Sources with One Author
Sources with Multiple Authors
Sources with No Author Listed
Electronic Sources
Indirect Quotations
Works Cited (MLA) and References (APA)
Two Listings by One Author
Books with Multiple Authors
Books by a Corporate Author or Organization
Books by an Anonymous Author
An Edition of an Original Work
An Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword
Edited Collections
Works in Collections and Anthologies
Books in a Later Edition
Dictionary Entries and Encyclopedia Articles
Government Documents
Unpublished Doctoral Dissertations
Articles in Periodicals
Magazine Articles
Newspaper Articles
Letter to the Editor
Online and Electronic Sources
Web Sites
Web Sites: Secondary Pages
Online Books and Reports
Online Scholarly Articles
Online Magazine or Newspaper Articles
Sources Accessed Through Online Subscription Service
Online Posting to Electronic Forum
Miscellaneous Sources
Films and Videocassettes
Television and Radio Programs
Records, Tapes, and CDs
Lecture or Speech
A Guide To Print, Electronic, And Other Sources
Types of Print Sources
Periodicals The Library The Library Catalog Reference Books Electronic Resources
Electronic Databases
Search Engines
How to Use Keywords
Government Publications
Other Sources
Performances and Events
Fieldwork And The Research Report
Ethics of Research: Informed Consent
Understanding the Genre: Research Reports
"Food Sources in South Providence"
Designing a Field Research Project
Writing a Proposal
The Process of Observation
Three Consideration to Take into Account When You Do Observations
Conducting Observations
Analyzing Your Notes
The Interview Process
Four Types of Interviews
Setting Up the Interview
Conducting an In-person or Telephone Interview
After the Interview
Analyzing the Transcript
A Final Note on Interviews
The Process of Designing and Conducting a Survey
Getting Background Information
Selecting Participants
Ethics of Research
Designing the Questionnaire
Types of Questions
Conducting the Survey
Compiling, Analyzing, and Presenting Results
Writers at Work
Introduction: Understanding the Writing Process
Reflecting on Your Writing
The Writing Process: A Case Study Of A Writing Assignment
Case Study of a Writing Assignment
Understanding the Call to Write
Understanding Readers
Exploring the Topic
Peer Commentary
Describe the Writer's Strategy
Analyze the Organization
Evaluate the Argument
Final Touches
Directions for Editing
Directions for Proofreading
Talking to Teachers
Going to the Writing Center
The Shape Of The Essay: How Form Embodies Purpose
Thinking About Form
Three Patterns of Organization
Top-down Order
"I Shop, Ergo I Am: The Mall as Society's Mirror"
Culminating Order
"Minneapolis Pornography Ordinance"
Open Form
"Los Angeles Notebook"
Seeing Patterns of Organization: How Form Embodies Purpose
Top-down Order
Culminating Order
Open Form
A Note on Mixed Form
Putting the Parts Together
Connecting the Parts: Keeping Your Purposes Visible
Use Reasons to Explain
"Building the Third Wave"
Create Topic Chains
Use Transitions
Common Types of Transitions
Designing Paragraphs
Seeing Paragraphs: The Visual Dimension
Unity and Coherence: The Psychological Dimension
Topic Sentences and Unity
Discussion and Unity and Coherence
A Note on the Placement of Topic Sentences
Working Together: Collaborative Writing Projects
Collaborative Writing
Working Together: Exploring Experience
Guidelines for Collaborating in Groups
Recognize That Group Members Need to Get Acquainted and That Groups Take Time to Form
Clarify Group Purposes and Individual Roles
Recognize That Members Bring Different Styles to the Group
Recognize That You May Not Play the Same Role in Every Group
Monitor Group Progress and Reassess Goals and Procedures
Quickly Address Problems in Group Dynamics
Encourage Differences of Opinion
How to Work Together on Collaborative Writing Projects
Organizing the Group
Group Size
Group Composition
The First Meeting
Division of Labor, or Integrated Team?
Organizing the Project
The Proposal
Productive Meetings
Progress Reports
Confidential Self-Evaluation
Drafting, Revising, and Editing
Giving Credit
Final Presentation
Online Collaboration
Reflecting on Your Writing
Introduction: Delivering the Message
Visual Design
How Visual Design Embodies Purposes
Textual Graphics
Representational Graphics
Numerical Graphics
Ethics of Information Design: Data Distortion
Persuasion A Note on Reading and Seeing
Visual Design: Four Basic Principles
Use the Four Principles to Redesign Documents Redesigning a Resume
Redesigning a Flyer
Working with Type
Serif and Sans serif Typefaces
Display Typefaces
Mixing Typefaces
Visual Design Projects
Preliminary Considerations
Working Sketches
Web Design
The Rhetorical Purposes of Web Design
The Structure of Web Design
The Visual Design of Web Sites
Writing Assignment: Planning a Web Site
Reflecting on Your Writing
Oral And Powerpoint Presentations
Understanding the Differences Between Written and Oral Presentations
Developing an Oral Presentation
Preliminary Considerations
Planning the Oral Presentation
Designing PowerPoint Slides
Designing Visuals
Using Visual Aids in a Presentation
Rehearsing Your Presentation
Guidelines for Evaluating Oral Presentations
Further Thoughts on PowerPoint
"PowerPoint Is Evil"
"PowerPoint Do's and Don'ts"
Essay Exams
Analyzing Essay Exams
Surveying the Format
Analyzing Exam Questions
Identification Items (IDs)
Short-Answer Questions
Essay Questions
Common Essay Exam Questions
Planning Your Answer
Writing a Good Answer
Sample Essay Answers
Writing Portfolios
Some Options for a Writing Portfolio
A Reflective Letter
Jennifer Principe, Sample Reflective Letter
Revised Writing Assignments
A Case Study
Introduction, "Putting the Life Back into Premedical Education" [Working Draft, Peer Commentary, and Final Draft]
Peer Commentary
"Putting the Life Back into Premedical Education" [Final Draft]
Peer Commentary
Margaret King, Sample Introduction to Peer Commentary Commentary on Collaborative Writing
David Sanchez, Sample Introduction to Collaborative Writing
Samples of Exploratory Writing
John Hogan, Sample Introduction to Exploratory Writing
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