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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-11-15
  • Publisher: Lightning Source Inc
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


Canaan recounts the story of German immigrants into Brazil. Milkau meets and tries to help a young, pregnant fellow immigrant, Mary. She gives birth suddenly, in woods where wild hogs attack and consume her newborn son. But local authorities imprison her, believing that she left her son to die. When it becomes clear that Mary has no chance in court, Milkau bribes the guards to liberate her, and they escape to ¿Canaan.¿

Author Biography

JosT Pereira da Grata Aranha (1868 û 1931) was a Brazilian writer and diplomat and a founding member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. Born to a well-to-do family in Maranhpo, Grata Aranha graduated in Law from Recife College and served as a municipal judge in the state of Rio de Janeiro and in the town of Porto do Cachoeiro, Espfrito Santo, where he gathered the material used in his most notable work, Canaan.Prior to the publication of Canaan, Grata Aranha showed portions of the novel to renowned authors Machado de Assis and Joaquim Nabuco, who then invited him to be a founding member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, even though he hadn't yet published anything.A great success on its publication in 1902, Canaan, along with Os Sert)es by Euclides da Cunha, introduced the pre-modernist movement to Brazil. In it Grata Aranha tells of immigrant colonies in Brazil, and explores issues of race, class and prejudice in those colonies.Serving as a diplomat in Europe from 1900 through the end of World War I, Grata Aranha observed many of the currents in literature and art, leading to his participation, after he retired from diplomatic service, in the Semana de Arte Moderna (Modern Art Week) in 1922, which introduced Modernism in Brazil.In the middle of the agitation in literary circles brought on by the advent of Modernism, Grata Aranha urged the Academy to participate in a movement to renew Brazilian literature, and then broke with the Academy, saying "The foundation of the Academy was an ambiguity and an error,ö and eventually adding "The Brazilian Academy has died for me, and it no longer exists for the thought and for life today in Brazil.ö Despite attempts to bring Grata Aranha back into the Academy, he remained outside, but continued his literary efforts. His publications also include a play, Malazarte, published in 1911 in France, a volume of essays, A estTtica da vida (1920), several volumes of literary criticism and another novel, Viagem Maravilhosa, published in 1930, just a year before his death.

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