Cengage Advantage Books - Ethics : Discovering Right and Wrong

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  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2011-01-25
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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The classic ethics text written by one of contemporary philosophy's most skilled, ardent teachers, Louis P. Pojman, is now revised by best-selling author and editor of the INTERNET ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY, James Fieser. ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG, Seventh Edition, offers a concise yet comprehensive overview of the fundamental objectives and outlooks of ethical theory.Written with Pojman's hallmark engaging, conversational manner with strong supporting pedagogy, this book challenges students to develop their own moral theories and to reason through ethical problems for themselves. The text even-handedly raises critical questions and fosters independent thinking within a rigorous presentation that draws numerous examples from both classical and contemporary sources. This edition maintains the text's clarity and strengths with its non-dogmatic style and generous presentation of various positions. This revision includes more feminist and multicultural ethical perspectives.The book clearly and logically guides your students from initial chapters that discuss general concerns about meta-ethics to presentations of major moral theories. Later chapters address special topics in personal and religious ethics as well as the most recent developments in moral theory. Study questions for each chapter and useful bibliographies further assist students delving deeper into philosophy. A companion website offers additional support with material on Divine Command theory and how to write ethics papers (found previously as appendices in the book) as well as essay questions and numerous interactive learning aids. An alternate edition of this text with key readings from Aristotle, Kant, and Mill bound into the back is also available.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
What Is Ethics?p. 1
Ethics and Its Subdivisionsp. 2
Morality as Compared with Other Normative Subjectsp. 3
Traits of Moral Principlesp. 7
Domains of Ethical Assessmentp. 8
Conclusionp. 11
For Further Reflectionp. 12
For Further Readingp. 13
Ethical Relativismp. 14
Subjective Ethical Relativismp. 16
Conventional Ethical Relativismp. 18
Criticisms of Conventional Ethical Relativismp. 21
Conclusionp. 27
For Further Reflectionp. 28
For Further Readingp. 29
Moral Objectivismp. 30
Aquinas's Objectivism and Absolutismp. 32
Moderate Objectivismp. 38
Ethical Situationalismp. 43
Conclusionp. 44
For Further Reflectionp. 45
For Further Readingp. 45
Value and the Quest for the Goodp. 46
Intrinsic and Instrumental Valuep. 47
The Value of Pleasurep. 50
Are Values Objective or Subjective?p. 53
The Relation of Value to Moralityp. 54
The Good Lifep. 57
Conclusionp. 61
For Further Reflectionp. 62
For Further Readingp. 62
Social Contract Theory and the Motive to Be Moralp. 64
Why Does Society Need Moral Rules?p. 66
Why Should I Be Moral?p. 70
Morality, Self-Interest, and Game Theoryp. 72
The Motive to Always Be Moralp. 75
Conclusionp. 78
For Further Reflectionp. 79
For Further Readingp. 79
Egoism, Self-Interest, and Altruismp. 81
Psychological Egoismp. 82
Ethical Egoismp. 87
Arguments against Ethical Egoismp. 91
Evolution and Altruismp. 95
Conclusionp. 97
For Further Reflectionp. 98
For Further Readingp. 99
Utilitarianismp. 100
Classic Utilitarianismp. 102
Act- and Rule-Utilitarianismp. 105
Criticism of Utilitarianismp. 109
Criticism of the Ends Justifying Immoral Meansp. 114
Conclusionp. 118
For Further Reflectionp. 119
For Further Readingp. 119
Kant and Deontological Theoriesp. 121
Kant's Influencesp. 122
The Categorical Imperativep. 126
Counterexamples to the Principle of the Law of Naturep. 132
Other Formulations of the Categorical Imperativep. 135
The Problem of Exceptionless Rulesp. 138
The Problem of Posterityp. 141
Conclusion: A Reconciliation Projectp. 143
For Further Reflectionp. 144
For Further Readingp. 145
Virtue Theoryp. 146
The Nature of Virtue Ethicsp. 147
Criticisms of Action-Based Ethicsp. 151
Connections between Virtue-Based and Action-Based Ethicsp. 157
Conclusionp. 165
For Further Reflectionp. 166
For Further Readingp. 166
Gender and Ethicsp. 167
Classic Viewsp. 169
Female Care Ethicsp. 174
Four Options Regarding Gender and Ethicsp. 179
Conclusionp. 183
For Further Reflectionp. 185
For Further Readingp. 186
Religion and Ethicsp. 187
Does Morality Depend on Religion?p. 188
Is Religion Irrelevant or Even Contrary to Morality?p. 193
Does Religion Enhance the Moral Life?p. 198
Conclusionp. 203
For Further Reflectionp. 204
For Further Readingp. 205
The Fact-Value Problemp. 206
Hume and Moore: The Problem Classically Statedp. 207
Ayer and Emotivismp. 210
Hare and Prescriptivismp. 214
Naturalism and the Fact-Value Problemp. 221
Conclusionp. 224
For Further Reflectionp. 225
For Further Readingp. 226
Moral Realism and the Challenge of Skepticismp. 227
Mackie's Moral Skepticismp. 229
Harman's Moral Nihilismp. 233
A Defense of Moral Realismp. 237
Conclusionp. 240
For Further Reflectionp. 241
For Further Readingp. 242
Appendixp. 243
Glossaryp. 247
Indexp. 251
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