Changing for Good : Sustaining School Improvement

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-11-13
  • Publisher: Corwin Pr
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'This important work identifies the critical elements of sustainability-the necessary goal of systemic reform-which requires a long-term commitment to change for the benefit of students' - Lois Adams-Rogers, Deputy Executive Director, Council of Chief State School OfficersThe recent emphasis on educational reform has lead to many books on initiating school improvement, but relatively few on how to sustain reform efforts so that improvements have a lasting impact.Changing for Good offers a detailed examination of current schoolwide reform efforts and identifies strategies for introducing, managing, and sustaining successful school renewal programs. Based on a six-year study of 74 schools, the book provides a model for generating the necessary district support, schoolwide leadership, teacher commitment, and performance outcomes to cultivate improvement that lasts. Applicable at all levels, this model helps readers:- Align reform efforts with educational standards and accountability guidelines- Create a research-based improvement plan- Support change by developing a shared vision- Promote distributed leadership- Celebrate gains to encourage cooperationThe most beneficial school improvements are the ones that endure. With this exceptional resource, educational administrators and leaders can create a school environment that embraces meaningful change, sustains positive reform, and ensures successful learning outcomes.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figuresp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
About the Authorp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Comprehensive School Reformp. 2
Purpose and Focus of the Bookp. 3
Researching Reform Sustainability in Schoolsp. 5
Organization of the Bookp. 6
Sustaining Change in Schoolsp. 9
Two Decades of Reform Policiesp. 10
Comprehensive School Reformp. 12
No Child Left Behindp. 13
Effectiveness of Comprehensive School Reformp. 14
Sustaining Reformp. 16
Organizational Capacity and Sustaining Change in Schoolsp. 17
Toward a Model of Sustainabilityp. 19
State Infrastructurep. 19
District Supportp. 19
School Leadershipp. 20
Faculty Commitmentp. 20
Gains-Perceived and Realp. 21
Setting the Stage for School Reformp. 23
School Reform and State Infrastructurep. 25
High-Stakes Testingp. 26
Low-Performing Schoolsp. 27
Opportunity for Improvement Through Comprehensive School Reformp. 28
Opting Out of Reformp. 28
Poising for Reformp. 30
Establishing Goals for Changep. 30
Shopping for Modelsp. 31
Buying Inp. 32
Funding Announcementsp. 33
Implementing Modelsp. 35
Core Knowledge (CK)p. 37
Success for All (SFA)p. 38
America's Choice (AC)p. 39
National Writing Project (NWP)p. 40
Community for Learning (CFL)p. 41
Issues Related to Model Selectionp. 42
Discussion of the State Context for School Reformp. 43
Supporting Change in Schoolsp. 47
Waterton Countyp. 49
Reforming Schoolsp. 50
District Staffing and Support Through Shared Visionp. 51
CSR and School Autonomyp. 53
Advocacy and Networkingp. 54
Preparing to Sustain Reformp. 55
Burkett Countyp. 56
Reforming Schoolsp. 57
Support Through District Staffingp. 57
District Strategies for School Improvementp. 57
Support for School Reformp. 59
Preparing to Sustain Reform Through Financial and Instructional Expertisep. 59
District Support for Sustaining Change in Other Schoolsp. 60
Discussion of District Support for Sustaining Reformp. 62
Promoting Distributed Leadershipp. 65
Leadership for Changep. 66
Distributed Leadership in Tipton Middle Schoolp. 68
The Principalp. 68
The Instructional Teamp. 69
Developing Distributed Leadership in Greely Elementary Schoolp. 70
The Principalp. 71
The Program Facilitatorp. 72
Principal Leadership for Reformp. 72
Reform Facilitationp. 74
Reform Facilitation and Administrationp. 74
Reform Facilitation and Teachingp. 74
Boundary Maintenance and Work Overloadp. 76
Negotiation of Tasks and Responsibilitiesp. 79
Managerial Tasksp. 79
Collaborative Dutiesp. 80
Supervisory Responsibilitiesp. 80
Networkingp. 81
Addressing Broader Changesp. 82
Preparing to Sustain School Reformp. 83
Leadership and the Challenge of Change in Other Schoolsp. 84
Discussion of Distributed Leadership and Sustaining Reformp. 86
Gaining Teacher Commitmentp. 89
Control of Teachers Versus Workplace Autonomyp. 90
Forestview Middle Schoolp. 92
Professional Development in Forestviewp. 93
Poising for Sustainability in Forestviewp. 95
Littleton Middle Schoolp. 96
Gaining Teacher Cooperation in Littletonp. 96
Commitment for School Improvement in Littletonp. 98
Teacher Commitment to Reformp. 98
Common Planningp. 99
Faculty Voicep. 99
Model Modificationp. 100
Teacher Commitment in Other Schoolsp. 101
Professional Development, Instructional Strategies, and Rapportp. 102
Lack of Commitment Among Individual Teachersp. 103
Lack of Teacher Commitment to Reform in Other Schoolsp. 105
Dissatisfaction With Programs and Providersp. 105
Organizational Conditions Undermining Commitmentp. 108
Discussion of Teacher Commitment and Sustaining Reformp. 110
Celebrating Gainsp. 113
Comprehensive School Reform and School Performancep. 114
Reform and Test Scoresp. 116
Perception of Gains and Commitment to Reformp. 118
Tangible Resources and Suppliesp. 121
Contributions to School Culturep. 122
School Climatep. 123
Student Engagementp. 125
Spillover Effects From the Grant Experiencep. 127
Grant Savvyp. 127
Professional Growthp. 127
Catalyst for School Improvementp. 127
Community and Parental Involvementp. 128
Discussion of the Effects of Reform and Sustainabilityp. 129
Changing for Goodp. 131
Sustaining Comprehensive School Reformp. 132
Sustainability With Fundingp. 134
Commitment to Sustainability Without Fundingp. 138
Forestview Middle Schoolp. 138
Tipton Middle Schoolp. 139
Greely Elementary Schoolp. 141
Sustained Momentum for Improvement and Innovationp. 143
No Sustainabilityp. 144
Discussion of Patterns of Reform Sustainabilityp. 145
Reforming Reformp. 149
Patterns of Sustainabilityp. 154
A Model for Sustaining Changep. 156
State Infrastructurep. 156
District Supportp. 157
Leadershipp. 157
Teacher Commitmentp. 158
School Improvementp. 158
What Happened to CSR?p. 159
Recommendations for Educatorsp. 161
At the State Levelp. 161
At the District Levelp. 163
At the School Levelp. 164
External Reform Providersp. 165
Resource: Methodologyp. 167
Design of the Studyp. 167
Research Questionsp. 168
Selection of Schoolsp. 168
Data Collection Methodsp. 169
Gaining Access to Schoolsp. 169
Establishing Rapportp. 172
Observationp. 174
Interviewingp. 175
Documentsp. 175
Exiting the Fieldp. 176
Flexibilityp. 176
Reliability and Verificationp. 176
Data Analysisp. 177
Ethical Considerationsp. 178
Referencesp. 179
Indexp. 189
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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