9780833038050

Chasing the Dragon Assessing China's System of Export controls for WMD-related Goods and Technologies

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780833038050

  • ISBN10:

    0833038052

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2005-08-10
  • Publisher: RAND Corporation
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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

Examines the structure and operation of the chinese goverment's controls on exports of items that could be used in the production of weapons of mass destruction.

Table of Contents

Preface iii
Figures ix
Summary xi
Acknowledgments xix
Acronyms xxi
CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1(4)
Objective
1(1)
Study Approach
2(1)
Organization of This Report
3(2)
CHAPTER TWO History of Chinese Export Controls 5(16)
Historical Evolution of China's Export Controls
6(3)
Reform Era Creates New Challenges
9(4)
Transition from Administrative to Legally Based Controls on Sensitive Exports
13(8)
CHAPTER THREE Key Organizations in China's Export Control System 21(22)
Ministry of Commerce
21(6)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
27(1)
General Administration of Customs
28(4)
China Atomic Energy Agency
32(2)
Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Office
34(1)
Commission on Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense
35(2)
General Armaments Department of the PLA
37(1)
Ministry of Public Security/Public Security Bureau
37(1)
Secondary Actors
38(5)
CHAPTER FOUR Chinese Export Control Decisionmaking: Registration and Licensing Processes 43(32)
General Overview of China's Export Control System
43(1)
Key Policy Attributes of China's Export Control System
44(1)
Top-Level Legal Basis for Export Controls in China
44(2)
Broad Outline of China's System of Controls on Sensitive Goods and Technologies
46(4)
Nuclear Export Control Licensing Process
50(5)
Major Nuclear Export Licensing Process
55(1)
Dual-Use Nuclear Export Licensing Process
56(3)
Conventional Military Export Control Licensing Process
59(5)
Dual-Use Missile Export Licensing Process
64(4)
Chemical Weapons–Related Export Control Licensing Process
68(1)
Tier One: CWCIO Controls
68(6)
Tier Two: MOFCOM CW Controls
74(1)
CHAPTER FIVE Challenges in Implementation and Enforcement of Export Controls 75(18)
Implementation
77(3)
Additional Measures: Watch Lists and End-Use/End-User Checks
80(2)
Government-Industry Coordination
82(4)
Enterprise-Level Controls
86(1)
Implementation Weaknesses and Limitations
87(2)
Enforcement
89(4)
CHAPTER SIX Future Challenges for China's Export Control System 93(4)
APPENDIX
A. Application for Registration as an Authorized Exporter of Sensitive Goods and Technology
97(2)
B. Application for a License to Export Sensitive Goods and Technology
99(4)
C. End-User and End-Use Certificates
103(4)
D. End-User Certificate for Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao
107(2)
Bibliography 109

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