Chemistry Laboratory Manual : An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry

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  • Edition: 9th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2005-01-01
  • Publisher: PEARSON

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This laboratory manual contains 42 experiments for the standard sequence of topics in general, organic, and biological chemistry. General Chemistry: Measurement and Significant Figures; Conversion Factors in Calculations; Density and Specific Gravity; Atomic Structure; Electronic Configuration and Periodic Properties; Nuclear Radiation; Compounds and Their Formulas; Energy and Specific Heat; Energy and States of Matter; Chemical Reactions and Equations; Reaction Rates and Equilibrium; Moles and Chemical Formulas; Gas Laws; Partial Pressures of Gas Mixtures; Solutions, Electrolytes, and Concentration; Soluble and Insoluble Salts; Testing for Cations and Anions; Solutions, Colloids, and Suspensions; Acids, Bases, pH and Buffers; Acid-Base Titration. Organic and Biological Chemistry: Properties of Organic Compounds; Structures of Alkanes; Reactions of Hydrocarbons; Alcohols and Phenols; Aldehydes and Ketones; Types of Carbohydrates; Tests for Carbohydrates; Carboxylic Acids and Esters; Aspirin and Other Analgesics; Lipids; Glycerophospholipids and Steroids; Saponification and Soaps; Amines and Amides; Synthesis of Acetaminophen; Plastics and Polymerization; Amino Acids; Peptides and Proteins; Enzymes; Vitamins; DNA Components and Extraction; Digestion of Foodstuffs; Analysis of Urine. A comprehensive lab manual for anyone who wants to learn more about general, organic, and biological chemistry.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
General Chemistry
Measurement and Significant Figuresp. 7
Measuring Lengthp. 8
Measuring Volumep. 9
Measuring Massp. 9
Conversion Factors in Calculationsp. 17
Rounding Offp. 17
Significant Figures in Calculationsp. 19
Conversion Factors for Lengthp. 20
Conversion Factors for Volumep. 21
Conversion Factors for Massp. 22
Percent by Massp. 23
Converting Temperaturep. 24
Density and Specific Gravityp. 29
Density of a Solidp. 29
Density of a Liquidp. 30
Specific Gravityp. 30
Graphing Mass and Volumep. 31
Atomic Structurep. 35
Physical Properties of Elementsp. 36
Periodic Tablep. 37
Subatomic Particlesp. 38
Isotopesp. 39
Electronic Configuration and Periodic Propertiesp. 45
Flame Testsp. 46
Electron Configurationp. 47
Graphing A Periodic Property: Atomic Radiusp. 49
Nuclear Radiationp. 55
Background Count56
Radiation from Radioactive Sourcesp. 57
Effect of Shielding, Time, and Distancep. 58
Compounds and Their Formulasp. 67
Electron-Dot Structuresp. 68
Ionic Compounds and Formulasp. 69
Ionic Compounds with Transition Metalsp. 70
Ionic Compounds with Polyatomic Ionsp. 70
Covalent (Molecular) Compoundsp. 71
Electron Dot Structure and Molecular Shapep. 73
Energy and Specific Heatp. 81
Specific Heat of A Metalp. 81
Measuring the Caloric Value of a Foodp. 83
Food Caloriesp. 84
Energy and States of Matterp. 91
A Heating Curve for Waterp. 91
Graphing a Cooling Curvep. 93
Energy in Changes of Statep. 94
Chemical Reactions and Equationsp. 101
Magnesium and Oxygenp. 101
Zinc and Copper (II) Sulfatep. 102
Metals and HClp. 102
Reactions of Ionic Compoundsp. 103
Sodium Carbonate and HClp. 103
Reaction Rates and Equilibriump. 113
Exothermic and Endothermic Reactionsp. 114
Rates of Reactionsp. 114
Reversible Reactionsp. 115
Iron (III)-thiocyanate Equilibriump. 117
Moles and Chemical Formulasp. 125
Finding the Simplest Formulap. 125
Formula of a Hydratep. 128
Gas Lawsp. 133
Boyles Lawp. 133
Charles Lawp. 135
Partial Pressures of Gas Mixturesp. 145
Partial Pressures of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Airp. 145
Carbon Dioxide in the Atmospherep. 146
Carbon Dioxide in Expired Airp. 146
Solutions, Electrolytes, and Concentrationp. 153
Polarity of Solutes and Solventsp. 153
Electrolytes and Conductivityp. 154
Electrolytes in Body Fluidsp. 155
Concentration of a Sodium Chloride Solutionp. 155
Soluble and Insoluble Saltsp. 163
Soluble and Insoluble Saltsp. 163
Solubility of KNO3p. 164
Testing the hardness of Waterp. 165
Purification of Waterp. 166
Testing for Cations and Anionsp. 173
Tests for Positive Ions (Cations)p. 174
Tests for Negative Ions (Anions)p. 174
Writing the Formulas of Your Unknown Saltp. 174
Testing Consumer Products for Some Cations and Anionsp. 175
Solutions, Colloids, and Suspensionsp. 181
Identification Testsp. 181
Osmosis and Dialysisp. 182
Filtrationp. 182
Acids, Bases, pH and Buffersp. 189
pH Color Using Red Cabbage Indicatorp. 189
Measuring pHp. 190
Effect of Buffers on pHp. 192
Acid-Base Titrationp. 199
Acetic Acid in Vinegarp. 200
Titration of an Antacidp. 201
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