Chemistry : The Practical Science

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-01-02
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
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From core concepts to current applications,Chemistry: The Practical Sciencepromotes an interrogative approach that develops effective problem solvers and critical thinkers for today's world. Using the text and its pedagogical features as a model, students learn to appreciate the role of questioning in the process of chemistry and begin to think like chemists. In addition, applications woven throughout the narrative, examples, and exercises present core chemical concepts in the context of everyday life. This integrated approach encourages curiosity and demonstrates the relevance of chemistry and its uses in students' lives, their future careers, and their world. Chemistryintroduces new topics as an instructor would in the classroom. The authors' approach to problem solving prompts students to begin by asking questions about the topic, think critically to arrive at a solution, evaluate their answers, and uncover related information about the concepts being explored. A dynamic art program, comprehensive end-of-chapter materials, and powerful technology resources complete this innovative textbook program. Real-world applications integrated throughout the chapter-opening case studies, examples, and exercises demonstrate why chemistry matters, as well as its uses in industry, the human body, and the environment. Boxed essays explore scientific applications; connections between nano-level interactions and chemistry at the macro level; and current, controversial topics related to chemistry. In addition,Applications IconshighlightChemical Encountersand other real-world applications in the narrative. Sample worked-out exercises complement the authors' problem-solving approach and help students develop critical-thinking skills. Each exercise begins with aQuestion,followed byFirst Thoughtsto capture and maintain student interest. The worked-outSolution,accompanied byFurther Insights,extends the concept. Finally,Practiceproblems and correspondingEnd-of-Chapter Exercisesprovide an opportunity for students to apply this approach independently. Designed for optimal student support,Here's What We Know So Farin-chapter summaries reinforce complex or important chemical concepts, andThe Bottom Lineend-of-chapter reviews highlight the main topics of each chapter and provide key words with definitions and page references for further review. End-of-chapter problems test students' understanding of key concepts and problem-solving skills. Organized by chapter section and in pairs,Skills ReviewandChemical Applications and Practicesare followed by increasingly challengingComprehensive ProblemsandThinking Beyond the Calculationexercises that involve multiple concepts. The dynamic art program promotes visual learning and resonates with students who expect exciting and appealing graphics. Molecular-level illustrations of key concepts help students connect nanoscale activity to macroscale phenomena, while electrostatic potential maps use vibrant colors to demonstrate the distribution of electrons within a molecule. For further visual learning, the HM ClassPresent CD offers scaleable, searchable animations and lab demonstration videos for use in classroom presentations. The innovative technology program reinforces concepts and allows students to practice problem-solving strategies. Interactive teaching and learning tools--from Chemwork interactive homework problems to video lessons from Thinkwell--present content in a variety of formats to meet different learning styles. Accuracy reviewers worked diligently to ensure the integrity of content, exercises, and supplements forChemistry: The Practical Science.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter concludes with "The Bottom Line," Key Words, and "Focus Your Learning."
The World of Chemistry
What Do Chemists do?
The Chemist's Shorthand
The Scientific Method
Units and Measurement
Conversions and Dimensional Analysis
Uncertainty, Precision, Accuracy, and Significant Figures
The Chemical Challenges of the Future
Atoms: A Quest for Understanding
Early Attempts to Explain Matter
Dalton's Atomic Theory and Beyond
The Structure of the Atom
Atoms and Isotopes
Atomic Mass
The Periodic Table
Ionic Compounds
Naming Compounds
Naming Acids
Introducing Quantitative Chemistry
Formula Masses
Counting by Weighing
Working with Moles
Percentages by Mass
Finding the Formula
Chemical Equations
Working with Equations
Solution Stoichiometry and Types of Reactions
Water--A Most Versatile Solvent
The Concentration of Solutions
Stoichiometric Analysis of Solutions
Types of Chemical Reactions
Precipitation Reactions
Acid-Base Reactions
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
Fresh Water--Issues of Quantitative Chemistry
The Concept of Energy
Keeping Track of Energy
Specific Heat Capacity and Heat Capacity
Hess's Law
Energy Choices
Quantum Chemistry: The Strange World of Atoms
Introducing Quantum Chemistry
Electromagnetic Radiation
Atomic Emission and Absorption Spectroscopy, Chemical Analysis and the Quantum Number
The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure
Wave-Particle Duality
Why Treating Things as "Waves" Allows Us to Quantize Their Behavior
The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
More About the Photon--The de Broglie and Heisenberg Discussions
The Mathematical Language of Quantum Chemistry
Atomic Orbitals
Electron Spin and the Pauli Exclusion Principle
Orbitals and Energy Levels in Multielectron Atoms
Electron Configurations and the Aufbau Principle
Periodic Properties of the Elements
The Big Picture--Building the Periodic Table
The First Level of Structure--Metals, Non-Metals and Metalloids
The Next Level of Structure--Groups in the Periodic Table
The Concept of Periodicity
Atomic Size
Ionization Energies
Electron Affinity
The Elements and the Environment
Bonding Basics
Modeling Bonds
Ionic Bonding
Covalent Bonding
VSEPR Theory--A Better Model
Properties of Ionic and Molecular Compounds
Advanced Models of Bonding
Valence Bond Theory
Molecular Orbital Theory
Putting It All Together
Molecular Models in the Chemist's Toolbox
The Behavior and Applications of Gases
The Nature of Gases
Production of Hydrogen and the Meaning of Pressure
Mixtures of Gases--Dalton's Law and Food Packaging
The Gas Laws--Relating the Behavior of Gases to Key Properties
The Ideal Gas Equation
Applications of the Ideal Gas Equation
Kinetic Molecular Theory
Effusion and Diffusion
Industrialization: A Wonderful, Yet Cautionary, Tale
Chemistry of Water and the Nature of Liquids
The Structure of Water: An Introduction to Intermolecular Forces
A Closer Look at Intermolecular Forces
Impact of Intermolecular Forces on the Physical Properties of Water I
Phase Diagrams
Impact of Intermolecular Forces on the Physical Properties of Water II
Water: The Universal Solvent
Measures of Solution Concentration
The Effect of Temperature and Pressure on Solubility
Colligative Properties
Elemental Carbon
Crude Oil--The Basic Resource
Separating the Hydrocarbons by Fractional Distillation
Processing Hydrocarbons
Typical Reactions of the Alkanes
The Functional Group Concept
Ethene, the C=C Bond, and Polymers
From Alcohols to Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
From Alcohols and Carboxylic Acids to Esters
Condensation Polymers
Handedness in Molecules
Organic Chemistry and Modern Drug Discovery
Modern Materials
The Structure of Crystals
Thin Films and Surface Analysis
On the Horizon--What Does the Future Hold?
Thermodynamics: A Look at Why Reactions Happen
Probability as a Predictor of Chemical Behavior
Why Do Chemical Reactions Happen? Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Temperature and Spontaneous Processes
Calculating Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions
Free Energy
When ?G = 0; A Taste of Equilibrium
Chemical Kinetics
Reaction Rates
An Introduction to Rate Laws
Changes in Time--The Integrated Rate Law
Methods of Determining Rate Laws
Looking Back at Rate Laws
Reaction Mechanisms
Applications of Catalysts
Chemical Equilibrium
The Concept of Chemical Equilibrium
Why Is Chemical Equilibrium a Useful Concept?
The Meaning of the Equilibrium Constant
Working With Equilibrium Constants
Solving Equilibrium Problems--A Different Way of Thinking
Le Ch?telier's Principle
Free Energy and the Equilibrium Constant
Acids and Bases
What Are Acids and Bases?
Acid Strength
The pH Scale
Determining the pH of Acid Solutions
Determining the pH of Basic Solutions
Polyprotic Acids
Assessing the Acid-Base Behavior of Salts in Aqueous Solution
Anhydrides in Aqueous Solution
Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
Buffers and the Common-Ion Effect
Acid-Base Titrations
Solubility Equilibria
Complex-Ion Equilibria
What Is Electrochemistry?
Oxidation States--Electronic Bookkeeping
Redox Equations
Electrochemical Cells
Chemical Reactivity Series
Not-So-Standard Conditions: The Nernst Equation
Electrolytic Reactions
Coordination Complexes
Bonding in Coordination Complexes
Coordination Number
Formulas and Names
Color and Coordination Compounds
Chemical Reactions
Nuclear Chemistry
Isotopes and More Isotopes
Types of Radioactive Decay
Interaction of Radiation with Matter
The Kinetics of Radioactive Decay
Mass and Binding Energy
Nuclear Stability and Human-made Radioactive Nuclides
Splitting the Atom: Nuclear Fission
Medical Uses of Radioisotopes
The Chemistry of Life
DNA--The Basic Structure
How Genes Code for Proteins
The Diversity of Protein Functions
The Maelstrom of Metabolism
Biochemistry and Chirality
A Look to the Future
Mathematical Operations
Working with Exponents
Working with Logarithms
Solving the Quadratic Equation
Calculating Uncertainties in Measurements
Thermodynamic Data for Selected Compounds at 298 K
Colligative Property Constants for Selected Compounds
Selected Equilibrium Constants at 298 K
Water Vapor Pressure Table
Standard Reduction Potentials at 298 K
Common Radioactive Nuclei Answers to Practice Exercises and Selected Exercises
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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