Chemistry and Technology of Surfactants

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: eBook
  • Copyright: 2007-11-12
  • Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Surfactants are used throughout industry as components in a huge range of formulated products or as effect chemicals in the production or processing of other materials. A detailed understanding of the basis of their activity is required by all those who use surfactants, yet the new graduate or postgraduate chemist or chemical engineer will generally have little or no experience of how and why surfactants work.

Chemistry & Technology of Surfactants is aimed at new graduate or postgraduate level chemists and chemical engineers at the beginning their industrial careers and those in later life who become involved with surfactants for the first time. The book is a straightforward and practical survey of the chemistry of surfactants and their uses, providing a basic introduction to surfactant theory, information on the various types of surfactant and some application details. This will allow readers to build onto their scientific education the concepts and principles on which the successful use of surfactants, across a wide range of industries, is based.

Author Biography

Richard Farn is a Consultant working on the development of products formulated with surfactants. He was previously Technical Sales Manager at Lankro and Technical Manager at BP Detergents. He recently retired as Director of the British Association for Chemical Specialities and has sat on the Council of the Soap and Detergent Industry Association. He was awarded an MBE in the Millennium Honours for Services to the Chemicals Industry.

Contributors to the book are:

Mr Mike Bernstein
Dr Guido Bognolo
Philip E Clark
Dr Arno Driedger
Dr Richard Farn
Dr J F Gadbury Pr
Professor Hatice Gecol
Mr Yasuyuki Hattori
Mr Paul Hepworth
Mr J Hibbs
Dr. Randal M Hill
Dr Joel Houston
Dr John Issa
Dr D R Karsa
Dr Richard Otterson
Dr Peter Schmiedel
Dr Paul Slater
Dr Richard R Thomas
Dr W Von Rybinski

Table of Contents




1 What Are Surfactants?.

1.1 History and Applications of Surfactants.

1.2Market Overview: Importance in Different Industries.

2 The Basic Theory.

2.1 The Molecular Structure of Surfactants.

2.2 Surface Activity.

2.3 Self Assembled Surfactant Aggregates.

2.4 Adsorption of Surfactants at Surfaces.

3 Applied Theory.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Detergency.

3.3 Phase Behaviour of Surfactants.

3.4 Emulsions.

3.5 Foaming and Defoaming.

3.6 Rheology of Surfactant Solutions.

4 Anionic Surfactants.

4.1 Sulphonates.

4.2 Sulphates.

4.3 Phosphate Esters.

4.4 Carboxylates.

5 Nonionic Surfactants.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 General Alkoxylation Reactions.

5.3 Alkyl Phenol Ethoxylates.

5.4 Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylates.

5.5 Poloxyethylene Esters of Fatty Acids.

5.6 Methyl Ester Ethoxylates.

5.7 Polyalkylene Oxide Block Copolymers.

5.8 Amine Ethoxylaates.

5.9 Fatty Alkanolamides.

5.10 Amine Oxides.

5.11 Esters of Polyhydric Alcohols and Fatty Acids.

5.12 Glycol Esters.

5.13 Glycerol Esters.

5.14 Polyglycerol Esters.

5.15 Anhydrohexitol Esters.

5.16 Polyalkylene Polyol Esters.

5.17 Alkyl Polyglucosides.

5.18 Gemini Surfactants.

6 Other Types of Surfactants.

6.1 Cationic Surfactants.

6.2 Amphoteric Surfactants.

6.3 Silicone Surfactants.

6.4 Polymerisable Surfactants.

6.5 Fluorinated Surfactants.

7 Relevant European Legislation.

7.1 Biodegradability.

7.2 Classification and Labelling of Surfactants.

7.3 European Union New Chemicals Strategy.

7.4 Biocidal Products Directive.

8 Relevant Legislation, Australia, Japan and USA.

8.1 Australia.

8.2 Japan.

8.3 USA.

9 Surfactant Manufacturers.


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