Child Development A Cultural Approach (casebound)

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  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2012-10-08
  • Publisher: Pearson
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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?


Help students understand how culture impacts development- and why it matters. Jeffrey Arnett's Child Developmentintegrates worldwide research to provide a more accurate and practical understanding of how development works in the real world. This program prepares students to think culturally and to live in our diverse world. New U.S. and international videos, shot in several countries, allow students to observe similarities and differences in human development across cultures. A better teaching and learning experience The teaching and learning experience with this program helps to: Understand Culture and Diversity- Extensive Cultural Coverage is woven into the narrative and on vivid display in images. Learning objectives are listed at the start of each chapter as well as within the chapter along every section to help students better organize and understand the material. Personalize Learning- The new MyDevelopmentLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed and provides engaging experiences that personalize learning. Improve Critical Thinking- Students learn to think critically about the influence of cultural on development. Engage Students- Students are fascinated to learn about the different forms development takes in various cultures. Explore Research- Detailed description of research studies and findings are featured throughout the text Support Instructors- All supplements were developed around the textbook's carefully constructed learning objectives. Note: MyDevelopmentLab does not come automatically package with this text. To purchase MyDevelopmentLab, please visit:www.mydevelopmentlab.comor you can purchases a ValuePack of the text + MyDevelopmentLab: ValuePack ISBN-10: 020594972X / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205949724

Author Biography

Jeffrey Jensen Arnett is a Research Professor in the Department of Psychology at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts. He received his Ph.D. in developmental psychology in 1986 from the University of Virginia, and did 3 years of postdoctoral work at the University of Chicago. From 1992—1998 he was Associate Professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies at the University of Missouri where he taught a 300-student life-span development course every semester. From 1998—2005 he was a Visiting Associate Professor in the Department of Human Development at the University of Maryland. In the fall of 2005 he was a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark.

    His primary scholarly interest for the past 10 years has been in emerging adulthood. He coined the term, and has conducted research on emerging adults concerning a wide variety of topics, involving several different ethnic groups in American society. He is the editor of the Journal of Adolescent Research, and is on the Editorial Board of four other journals. He has published many theoretical and research papers on emerging adulthood in peer-reviewed journals, as well as the books Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood: A Cultural Approach (2013, 5th edition, Pearson), and Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from the Late Teens Through the Twenties (2004, Oxford University Press).

    He lives in Worcester, Massachusetts, with his wife Lene Jensen and their twins, Miles and Paris. For more information on Dr. Arnett and his research, see www.jeffreyarnett.com.



Ashley E. Maynard is Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, where she has been on the faculty since 2001.  She received her Ph.D. in Psychology in 1999 from the University of California, Los Angeles and did two years of postdoctoral study in Anthropology and Cultural Psychology in the Department of Neuropsychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at UCLA.

    Her primary research interest since 1995 has been the impacts of cultural change at the macro-level, such as economic and sociodemographic shifts, on socialization and cognition in childhood.  She also studies the development of teaching in childhood and sibling interactions.  She works with her students in Mexico, Costa Rica, Switzerland, and Hawaii.  She has won national awards for her research, including the James McKeen Cattell Award from the New York Academy of Sciences and the APA Division 7 (Developmental Psychology) Dissertation Award.  She has published many articles on culture and human development in peer-reviewed journals, and an edited book Learning in Cultural Context: Family, Peers, and School (2005, Springer). 

    She lives, teaches, and writes in Honolulu, Hawaii.  For more information on Dr. Maynard and her research, please see www.ashleymaynard.com. 


Table of Contents

In this Section:
1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents





Chapter 1: A Cultural Approach to Child Development

Chapter 2: Genetics and Prenatal Development

Chapter 3: Birth and the Newborn Child

Chapter 4: Infancy

Chapter 5: Toddlerhood

Chapter 6: Early Childhood

Chapter 7: Middle Childhood

Chapter 8: Adolescence

Chapter 9: Emerging Adulthood




Chapter 1: A Cultural Approach to Child Development



  Humanity Today: A Demographic Profile

  Variations Across Countries

  Variations Within Countries

  The Origins of Human Diversity

  Evolution and the Birth of Culture

  Human Evolution and Human Development Today


Section 2: theories of Human Development

  Classic Theories

  Psychodynamic Theories

  Behaviorism and Learning Theories

  Constructivist Theories

  Recent Theories

  Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory

  A Stage Model for This Book


Section 3: How We Study Human Development

  The Scientific Study of Human Development

  The Five Steps of the Scientific Method

  Ethics in Human Development Research

  Methods and Designs in Research

  Research Methods

  Research Designs

  Summing Up

CULTURAL FOCUS: Incredible India!      

HISTORICAL FOCUS: Ancient Conceptions of Human Development

RESEARCH FOCUS: Darwin’s Diary 


Chapter 2: Genetics and Prenatal Development



  Genetic Basics

  Genotype and Phenotype

  The Sex Chromosomes

  Genes and Environment in Human Development

  Principles of Behavior Genetics

  Gene—Environment Interactions: Epigenesis and Reaction Ranges

  The Theory of Genotype ® Environment Effects

  Genes and Individual Development

  Sperm and Egg Formation




  Prenatal Development

  The Germinal Period (First 2 Weeks)

  The Embryonic Period (Weeks 3—8)

  The Fetal Period (Week 9—Birth)

  Prenatal Care

  Prenatal Care in Traditional Cultures

  Scientifically Based Prenatal Care




  Risks in the Prenatal Period

  Chromosomal Disorders

  Prenatal Diagnosis

  Infertility and Reproductive Technologies

  Causes of Infertility

  Infertility Treatments

  Infertility Worldwide

  Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Oskar and Jack: A Story of Genes, Environments, and Cultures    

Historical Focus: How Are Babies Made? 

RESEARCH FOCUS: The Human Genome Project     


Chapter 3: Birth and the Newborn Child


Section 1: Birth and its Cultural Context

  The Birth Process

  Stages of the Birth Process

  Birth Complications

  Cultural and Historical Variations in Birth Beliefs and Practices

  Variations in Birth Beliefs

  Variations in Birth Practices

  Variations on Birth in the West

  Cultural Variations in Neonatal and Maternal Mortality


Section 2: The Neonate

  The Neonate’s Health

  Measuring Neonatal Health

  Low Birth Weight

  Physical Functioning of the Neonate

  Neonatal Sleeping Patterns

  Neonatal Reflexes

  Neonatal Senses


Section 3: Caring for the Neonate

  Nutrition: Is Breast Best?

  Evolutionary and Historical Perspectives on Breast Feeding

  Benefits of Breast Feeding

  Social and Emotional Aspects of Neonatal Care

  Crying and Soothing

  Bonding: Myth and Truth

  Postpartum Depression

  Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Easing Birth Among the Cuna Indians

Historical Focus: The Tragic History of Doctor-Assisted Births in the 19th Century 

Research Focus: How Much Does Breast Feeding Matter?  


Chapter 4: Infancy


Section 1: Physical Development

  Growth and Change in Infancy

  Bodily Growth

  Brain Development

  Sleep Changes

  Infant Health

  Nutritional Needs

  Infant Mortality

  Baby on the Move: Motor and Sensory Development

  Motor Development

  Sensory Development


Section 2: Cognitive Development

  Piaget’s Sensorimotor Stage

  The Sensorimotor Substages

  Object Permanence

  Evaluating Piaget’s Sensorimotor Theory

  Information Processing in Infancy



  Assessing Infant Development

  Approaches to Assessing Development

  Can Media Enhance Cognitive Development? The Myth of “Baby Einstein”

  The Beginnings of Language

  First Sounds and Words

  Infant-Directed (ID) Speech


Section 3: Emotional and Social Development


  Conceptualizing Temperament: Three Approaches


  Infants’ Emotions

  Primary Emotions

  Infants’ Emotional Perceptions

  The Social World of the Infant

  Cultural Themes of Infant Social Life

  The Foundation of Social Development: Two Theories

  Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Infant Care in Rural Turkey     

Historical Focus: Protecting Infants the Puritan Way 

Research Focus: Measuring Temperament      


Chapter 5: Toddlerhood


Section 1: physical development

  Growth and Change in Years 2 and 3

  Bodily Growth

  Brain Development

  Sleep and (More) Teething

  Motor Development

  Socializing Physical Functions: Toilet Training and Weaning

  Toilet Training



Section 2: cognitive development

  Cognitive Development Theories

  Cognitive Development in Toddlerhood: Piaget’s Theory

  Vygotsky’s Cultural Theory of Cognitive Development

  Language Development

  The Biological and Evolutionary Bases of Language

  Milestones of Toddler Language: From First Words to Fluency

  Learning Language in a Social and Cultural Context


Section 3: emotional and social development

  Emotional Development in Toddlerhood

  Toddlers’ Emotions

  The Birth of the Self

  Gender Identity and the Biology of Gender Development

  One Special Person: Attachment Theory and Research

  Attachment Theory

  Quality of Attachment

  Critiques of Attachment Theory

  The Social World of the Toddler

  The Role of Fathers

  The Wider Social World: Siblings, Peers, and Friends

  Autistic Spectrum Disorders: A Disruption in Social Development

  Media Use in Toddlerhood

  Summing Up

CULTURAL FOCUS: Toddlerhood in Aboriginal Australia     

Historical Focus: The History of Toilet Training 

RESEARCH FOCUS: Early Child Care and Its Consequences


Chapter 6: Early Childhood



  Growth from Age 3 to 6

  Bodily Growth

  Brain Development and “Infantile” Amnesia

  Health and Safety in Early Childhood

  Motor Development

  Gross and Fine Motor Skills




  Theories of Cognitive Development

  Piaget’s Preoperational Stage of Cognitive Development

  Understanding Thinking: The Development of “Theory of Mind”

  Cultural Learning in Early Childhood

  Early Childhood Education

  The Importance of Preschool Quality

  Cross-National Variations

  Preschool as a Cognitive Intervention

  Language Development

  Advances in Vocabulary and Grammar

Pragmatics: Social and Cultural Rules of Language



  Emotional Regulation and Gender Socialization

  Emotional Regulation

  Moral Development

  Gender Development


  Parenting “Styles”

  Parenting in Other Cultures

  Discipline and Punishment

  The Child’s Expanding Social World

  Siblings and “Only Children”

  Peers and Friends

  Media Use in Early Childhood

Summing Up

Cultural Focus: Shyness in China and Canada  

Historical Focus: Beat a Child, Save a Soul     

Research Focus: The Montessori Preschool Program 


Chapter 7: Middle Childhood


Section 1: physical development

  Growth in Middle Childhood

  Physical Growth and Sensory Development

  Nutrition and Malnutrition

  Illness and Injuries

  Motor Development

  Gross Motor Development Fine

  Motor Development


Section 2: cognitive development

  Theories of Cognitive Development

  Concrete Operations

  Information Processing

  Intelligence and Intelligence Tests

  Learning the Cognitive Skills of School: Reading and Mathematics

  Language Development

  Vocabulary, Grammar, and Pragmatics


  School in Middle Childhood

  Cultural Variations in School Experiences

  Learning the Cognitive Skills of School: Reading and Mathematics


Section 3: emotional and social development

  Emotional and Self-Development

  Smooth Sailing: Advances in Emotional Self-Regulation


  Gender Development

  The Social and Cultural Contexts of Middle Childhood

  Family Relations

  Friends and Peers


  Media Use

Summing Up

Cultural Focus: School Socialization in Guatemala    

Historical Focus: Work Among British Children in the 19th Century      

Research Focus: TV or Not TV      


Chapter 8: Adolescence


Section 1: physical development

  The Metamorphosis: Biological Changes of Puberty

  The Physical Changes of Puberty

  The Timing of Puberty

  Cultural Responses: Puberty Rituals

  Health Issues in Adolescence

  Eating Disorders

  Substance Use


Section 2: cognitive development

  Piaget’s Theory of Formal Operations

  Hypothetical-Deductive Reasoning

  Critiques of Piaget’s Theory of Formal Operations

  Other Changes in Adolescent Thinking

  Information Processing: Selective Attention and Metamemory

  Social Cognition: The Imaginary Audience and the Personal Fable

  Culture and Cognition

  Adolescent Education and Work

  Schools: Secondary Education around the World

  Adolescent Work


Section 3: emotional and social development

  Emotional and Self-Development

  Emotionality in Adolescence: Storm and Stress?

  Self-Development in Adolescence

  Gender Intensification

  Cultural Beliefs: Morality and Religion

  Moral Development

  Religious Beliefs

  The Social and Cultural Contexts of Adolescence

  Family Relationships

  Peers and Friends

  Love and Sexuality

  Media Use

  Problems and Resilience

  Crime and Delinquency


  Resilience in Adolescence

  Summing Up

CULTURAL FOCUS: Apprenticeships in Europe

Historical Focus: From Fasting Saints to Anorexic Girls      

RESEARCH FOCUS: The Daily Rhythms of Adolescents’ Family Lives    


Chapter 9: Emerging Adulthood


Section 1: Physical Development

  The Emergence of Emerging Adulthood

  Five Features

  The Cultural Context of Emerging Adulthood

  Physical Changes of Emerging Adulthood

  The Peak of Physical Functioning

  Sleep Patterns and Deficits

  Risk Behavior and Health Issues

  Injuries and Fatalities: Automobile Accidents

  Substance Use and Abuse


Section 2: Cognitive Development

  Postformal Thinking


  Reflective Judgment

  Tertiary Education: College, University, and Training Programs

  Cultural Variations in Tertiary Education

  The Benefits of Tertiary Education


Section 3: Emotional and Social Development

  Emotional and Self-Development


  Identity Development

  Gender Development: Cultural Beliefs and Stereotypes

  Cultural Beliefs

  Religious Development

  Political Development

  The Social and Cultural Contexts of Emerging Adulthood

  Family Relationships


  Love and Sexuality

  Finding Adult Work

  Social Uses of Media

  Summing Up

Cultural Focus: The Young Men of Truk Island 

Historical Focus: Gender and Cognitive Development in Emerging Adulthood

RESEARCH FOCUS: Graduated Driver Licensing       


Practice Tests Answer Key   




Name Index      

Subject Index

Rewards Program

Reviews for Child Development A Cultural Approach (casebound) (9780205841073)