China Since 1949

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2011-05-26
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Each book in the Seminar Studies in History series provides a concise and reliable introduction to complex events and debates. Written by acknowledged experts and supported by extracts from historical Documents, a Chronology, Glossary, Who's Who of key figures and Guide to Further Reading, Seminar Studies in History are the essential guides to understanding a topic.

Author Biography

Linda Benson is Professor of Chinese History at Oakland University, Michigan, and holds degrees from the University of Hong Kong and the University of Leeds. She is the author of a number of books, including China's Last Nomads: The History and Culture of China's Kazaks (1998) and Across China's Gobi: The Lives of Evangeline French, Mildred Cable and Francesca French (2008).

Table of Contents

Publisher's acknowledgementsp. xi
Author's acknowledgementsp. xiii
A note on romanization and pronunciation of Chinese wordsp. xiv
Chronologyp. xv
Who's whop. xxiv
Glossaryp. xxx
Mapp. xliv
Chinas Pastp. 1
General Introductionp. 3
Themes in recent Chinese historyp. 6
Terms and conceptsp. 9
Geographical and Historical Backgroundp. 12
Geographyp. 12
Historical overviewp. 13
China Under the Communist Partyp. 19
China's New Revolutionary Road, 1949-57p. 21
The CCP leadershipp. 22
The Party, the government and the militaryp. 24
International relations and the Korean Warp. 26
Domestic policy: first stepsp. 27
The Radical Maoist Phase, 1958-76p. 35
Tibetp. 38
The Sino-Soviet splitp. 39
The seeds of the Cultural Revolutionp. 39
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolutionp. 41
Assessing Mao's impact on Chinap. 47
Building Reform-Era China, 1977-89p. 50
Deng reverses the Maoist directionp. 50
Foreign investment and the SEZsp. 52
Deng and the reorganization of the CCPp. 53
Family planning and the 'one-child' policyp. 54
The 'opening' of Chinese society in the 1980sp. 55
Changes in minority regionsp. 56
The democracy movement and Tiananmen Squarep. 58
Deepening Reform: China in the 1990sp. 64
Economic growth in the 1990sp. 65
Increasing disparity between urban and rural Chinap. 67
China after Deng Xiaopingp. 68
Popular culture in the 1990sp. 69
Challenges in the 1990sp. 71
Pollution and the environmentp. 71
Crime, corruption and vicep. 73
Religious policyp. 74
Equity in educationp. 77
The challenge of employment and the 'floating population'p. 77
China's new nationalismp. 79
Contemporary Chinese Societyp. 82
Population and social changep. 82
Social classesp. 83
Women and the familyp. 85
Minoritiesp. 88
Educationp. 89
Health carep. 91
The environmentp. 92
The arts, entertainment and popular culturep. 96
Technology and communicationsp. 97
Government, Politics and the Economy Since 2000p. 100
Government, Party and militaryp. 100
The economyp. 106
China and the Worldp. 110
China, Europe and the United Statesp. 110
China, Latin America and Africap. 113
China and its Asian neighboursp. 115
China and Taiwanp. 119
China's continuing risep. 120
Assessing China's Risep. 121
Conclusionsp. 123
Documentsp. 129
The 1950 Marriage Lawp. 130
The 17-Point Agreement between Tibet and Chinap. 131
The Tibetan view of the 17-Point Agreementp. 132
'Speak Bitterness' meetingsp. 133
China's regional autonomy systemp. 134
Political campaigns of 1957-8p. 136
Recollections of the Great Leap Forwardp. 137
A letter to Mao on the Great Leap Forwardp. 138
'The Little Red Book'; Quotations from Chairman Maop. 139
The 16-Point directive on the Cultural Revolutionp. 140
Accounts of the Cultural Revolutionp. 142
The 'Ten Lost Years' of the Cultural Revolutionp. 143
Fang Lizhi on modernization and democracy in Chinap. 145
CCP statement on the events of 4 June 1989p. 147
Privatization of State-owned enterprisesp. 149
Underground Christian churchesp. 150
Atheism in Chinap. 151
Measures of China's modernizationp. 152
China's new consumer culturep. 154
Revisions to the 1980 Marriage Lawp. 156
Chinese history textp. 157
China and climate changep. 159
Chinese artistsp. 160
Amendments to the PRC'S 1982 constitutionp. 161
Nationalism and the internetp. 162
The case of Liu Xiaobop. 164
China's economic futurep. 165
China's harmonious world'p. 167
United States-China relationsp. 168
An assessment of President Hup. 169
China and Central Asiap. 171
China and Taiwanp. 172
Further Readingp. 175
Referencesp. 182
Indexp. 185
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