China's International Behavior Activism, Opportunism, and Diversification

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2009-10-16
  • Publisher: RAND Corporation

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China is now a global actor of significant and growing importance. It is active in regions and on issues that were once only peripheral to its interests, and it is effectively using tools previously unavailable. It is no longer appropriate to talk of integrating China into the international system; by and large, it is already there. Its international behavior is clearly altering the dynamics of the current international system, but it is not transforming its structure. China’s global activism is continually changing and has so many dimensions that it immediately raises questions about its current and future intentions and the implications for global stability and prosperity. This study examines how China views its security environment, how it defines its international objectives, how it is pursuing these objectives, and the consequences for U.S. economic and security interests.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Figuresp. xi
Tablesp. xiii
Summaryp. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xxv
Abbreviationsp. xxvii
Introductionp. 1
China's Foreign Policy Outlookp. 7
The Three Lensesp. 7
National Revitalizationp. 7
A Victim Mentalityp. 10
Defensive Security Outlookp. 11
Long-Term Diplomatic Prioritiesp. 13
Sovereignty and Territorial Integrityp. 14
Economic Developmentp. 15
International Statusp. 16
Current Perceptions of the International Security Environmentp. 19
Major Power Conflictp. 21
Globalization and Multipolarityp. 26
Globalizationp. 26
Multipolarityp. 27
U.S. Power and Great Power Relationsp. 30
Nontraditional Security Challengesp. 36
Energy Insecurityp. 39
China's Rise in International Affairsp. 41
China's Foreign Policy Objectivesp. 45
Understanding Official Policyp. 45
All-Around Diplomacyp. 46
Peace and Developmentp. 48
Harmonious Worldp. 48
Core Diplomatic Objectivesp. 50
Economic Developmentp. 50
Reassurancep. 52
Countering Constraintsp. 53
Expanding and Diversifying Access to Natural Resourcesp. 57
Reducing Taiwan's International Spacep. 59
China's Expanding Diplomatic Toolkitp. 61
Economic Diplomacyp. 61
Multiple Toolsp. 62
An Alternative Development Model?p. 70
Leadership Diplomacyp. 72
Multilateral Diplomacyp. 77
Strategic Partnershipsp. 82
Military Diplomacyp. 89
China's Foreign Policy Actionsp. 93
Policy Framework for Foreign Relationsp. 93
Relations with Major Powersp. 95
United Statesp. 96
Russiap. 101
Japanp. 110
Europep. 114
Regional Diplomacy in Asiap. 125
East Asiap. 125
Central Asiap. 133
South Asiap. 142
Diplomacy Beyond Asiap. 147
Africa and Latin Americap. 147
The Middle Eastp. 160
Multilateral Diplomacyp. 169
China in the U.N.p. 170
U.N. Security Council Activitiesp. 173
Challenges Facing Chinese Diplomacyp. 193
Domestic Transition and Foreign Policy Decision makingp. 193
Looming Challengesp. 195
Conclusionsp. 201
Implications for Regional and Global Stabilityp. 203
Diversificationp. 206
China's Diplomacy in Transitionp. 207
Implications for U.S. Security Interestsp. 208
Global Challengesp. 208
Challenges for America's China Policyp. 210
Regional Challengesp. 211
A Counterfactual Approachp. 213
Will China Change in the Future?p. 216
Policy Recommendationsp. 220
Bibliographyp. 225
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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