Citizen Politics : Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2008-05-15
  • Publisher: Cq Pr
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Now, more than ever, people drive the democratic process. What people think of their government and its leaders, how (or whether) they vote, and what they do or say about a host of political issues greatly affect the further strengthening or erosion of democracy and democratic ideals. With helpful restructuring, the new fifth edition of Citizen Politics is even more student-friendly while continuing to offer the only truly comparative study of political attitudes and behavior in the United States, Great Britain, France, and Germany. In addition to its comprehensive, thematic examination of political values, political activity, voting, and public images of government within a cross-national context, Citizen Politics now explores new forms of political activity, such as Internet-based activism, and new forms of political consumerism. All of the chapters have been updated with the latest research and empirical evidence, including new data from the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems project, the World Values Survey, the International Social Survey Program, and the British and German national election studies. Further, Dalton devotes more attention to current academic debates over the decline of participation, the erosion of political support, and the implications for democracy. New Data Supplement! Give your students a firsthand opportunity to understand the process of public opinion research. A data supplement from the International Social Survey Program, along with matching SPSS files, are available online at college.cqpress.com/dalton.

Author Biography

Russell J. Dalton is professor of political science at the University of California, Irvine

Table of Contents

Tables and Figuresp. xi
Prefacep. xv
Introductionp. 1
The Comparative Study of Public Opinionp. 3
Choosing Nations to Comparep. 4
A New Style of Citizen Politicsp. 6
Suggested Readingsp. 10
Notesp. 10
Politics and the Publicp. 11
The Nature of Mass Beliefsp. 13
The Supercitizenp. 13
The Unsophisticated Citizenp. 14
Elitist Theory of Democracyp. 17
Political Sophistication Reconsideredp. 18
Politics and the Publicp. 28
Suggested Readingsp. 30
Notesp. 31
How We Participatep. 32
Modes of Participationp. 33
Votingp. 36
Campaign Activityp. 40
Direct Contactingp. 44
Communal Activityp. 45
Protest and Contentious Actionp. 48
Wired Activismp. 52
Changing Publics and Political Participationp. 53
Suggested Readingsp. 55
Notesp. 55
Who Participates?p. 57
The Civic Voluntarism Modelp. 57
Who Votes?p. 59
Campaign Activityp. 64
Direct Contactingp. 65
Communal Activityp. 66
Who Protests?p. 66
Internet Activismp. 69
Comparing the Correlates of Different Activitiesp. 70
Participation and Contemporary Democraciesp. 72
Suggested Readingsp. 75
Notesp. 75
Political Orientationsp. 77
Values in Changep. 79
The Nature of Value Changep. 80
The Distribution of Valuesp. 84
The Process of Value Changep. 86
The Consequences of Value Changep. 91
Value Change and Value Stabilityp. 93
Suggested Readingsp. 95
Notesp. 95
Issues and Ideological Orientationsp. 97
Domestic Policy Opinionsp. 98
Foreign Policy Opinionsp. 113
Left/Right Orientationsp. 115
Public Opinion and Political Changep. 117
Suggested Readingsp. 119
Notesp. 120
The Electoral Connectionp. 121
Elections and Political Partiesp. 123
An Overview of Four Party Systemsp. 124
The History of Party Systemsp. 128
The Structure of Political Alignmentsp. 132
Contemporary Party Systemsp. 139
Suggested Readingsp. 140
Notesp. 141
The Social Bases of Party Supportp. 143
The Social Group Model of Votingp. 143
Social Class and the Votep. 145
Why Is Class Voting Decreasing?p. 151
Religion and the Votep. 152
Other Social Group Differencesp. 160
New Politics and the Votep. 161
The Transformation of Social Cleavagesp. 166
Suggested Readingsp. 168
Notesp. 169
Partisanship and Votingp. 170
A Sociopsychological Model of Votingp. 170
Partisan Attitudesp. 172
Learning Partisanshipp. 174
The Impact of Partisanshipp. 178
Partisan Dealignmentp. 180
Consequences of Dealignmentp. 183
Causes of Dealignmentp. 185
Politics in a Dealigned Erap. 189
Suggested Readingsp. 190
Notesp. 191
Attitudes and Electoral Behaviorp. 193
Principles of Issue Votingp. 194
Position Issues and the Votep. 198
Performance Issues and the Votep. 205
Candidate Images and the Votep. 207
The End of the Causal Funnelp. 208
One Electorate or Many?p. 211
Citizen Politics and Voting Behaviorp. 213
Suggested Readingsp. 215
Notesp. 215
Political Representationp. 218
Collective Correspondencep. 219
Dyadic Correspondencep. 223
The Party Government Modelp. 226
Patterns of Political Representationp. 231
Suggested Readingsp. 232
Notesp. 233
Democracy and the Futurep. 235
Citizens and the Democratic Processp. 237
Aspects of Political Supportp. 239
Declining Confidence in Authoritiesp. 241
Views of Political Institutionsp. 244
Support for a Democratic Regimep. 248
Community Supportp. 250
Dissatisfied Democratsp. 251
Suggested Readingsp. 258
Notesp. 259
Statistical Primerp. 261
Major Data Sourcesp. 267
2004 International Social Survey Codebookp. 272
Referencesp. 299
Indexp. 323
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