City Politics

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  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2011-02-22
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Updated in its 8th Edition, City Politics argues that the politics of growth, the politics of governance, and enclave politics are the three imperatives that dissolve the past and present into a singular, continuous narrative.  Praised for the clarity of its writing, careful research, and distinctive theme - that urban politics in the United States has evolved as a dynamic interaction among governmental power, private actors, and a politics of identity - City Politics  remains a classic study of urban politics.

Author Biography

Judd and Swanstrom argue that the politics of growth, the politics of governance, and enclave politics are the three imperatives that dissolve the past and present into a singular, continuous narrative. Praised for the clarity of its writing, careful research, and distinctive theme-that urban politics in the United States has evolved as a dynamic interaction among governmental power, private actors, and a politics of identity-City Politics remains a classic study of urban politics.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
The Evolution of City Politics in America: An Introductionp. 1
Three Themesp. 1
Economic Growth and Community Identityp. 2
Racial and Ethnic Politicsp. 5
The Fragmented Metropolisp. 7
The Challenge of Urban Governancep. 9
The Origins of American Urban Politics: The First Centuryp. 13
The Legacy of America's Urban Pastp. 14
National Development and the Citiesp. 14
Outtake: City Building Has Always Required Public Effortsp. 15
A Century of Urban Growthp. 16
Interurban Rivalriesp. 20
Industrialization and Urban Communityp. 25
The Immigrant Tidep. 30
The Capacity to Governp. 35
The Limited Powers of Citiesp. 41
Party Machines and the Immigrantsp. 49
Machines and Machine-Style Politicsp. 49
Outtake: Machines Had Two Sidesp. 51
The Origins of Machine Politicsp. 53
Did Machines ˘Get The Job Done÷?p. 56
Were Machines Vehicles of Upward Mobility?p. 60
Did the Machines Help Immigrants Assimilate?p. 63
The Social Reform Alternativep. 65
Ethnic Politics in Today's Citiesp. 68
The Reform Crusadesp. 76
The Reformers' Aimsp. 76
Outtake: Municipal Reform Was Aimed at Immigrantsp. 78
The Fertile Environment for Reformp. 79
The Campaigns Against Machine Rulep. 82
˘Efficiency and Economy÷ in Municipal Affairsp. 89
The Business Modelp. 94
Commission and Manager Governmentp. 96
Did Reform Kill the Machines?p. 100
The Reform Legacyp. 101
The Battles Continuep. 105
Urban Voters and the Rise of a National Democratic Majorityp. 111
City and Nation in the Twentieth Centuryp. 111
Outtake: Urban Ethnics Became a Mainstay of the Democratic Partyp. 112
A New Political Consciousnessp. 113
The Changing Political Balancep. 116
The Depression and the Citiesp. 119
Cities Gain a Voicep. 124
The Urban Programs of the New Dealp. 128
The New Deal Legacyp. 132
The Urban Crisis of the Twentieth Centuryp. 137
The City/Suburban Dividep. 138
A Century of Demographic Changep. 138
Outtake: Anti-Immigrant Passions Have Reached a Fever Pitchp. 139
Streams of Migrationp. 141
Racial Conflict in the Cities: The Postwar Erap. 147
The Emergence of a New Kind of Povertyp. 149
The Suburban Exodusp. 153
The Romantic Suburban Ideal: 1815-1918p. 153
The Automobile Suburbs: 1918-1945p. 156
The Bedroom Suburbs: 1946-1970sp. 158
The Multiethnic Metropolisp. 161
Has the Urban Crisis Disappeared?p. 167
National Policy and the City/Suburban Dividep. 177
The Unintended Consequences of National Policiesp. 177
Outtake: Highway Programs Contributed to the Decline of the Citiesp. 178
The Politics of Slum Clearancep. 179
How Local Politics Shaped Urban Renewalp. 181
Racial Segregation and ˘The Projects÷p. 186
National Policy and Suburban Developmentp. 189
Suburbs, Highways, and the Automobilep. 196
The Damaging Effects of National Policiesp. 201
Federal Programs and the Divisive Politics of Racep. 207
The Brief Life of Inner-City Programsp. 207
Outtake: Racial Divisions Eventually Doomed Urban Programsp. 208
The Democrats and the Citiesp. 210
The Republicans and the New Federalismp. 216
President Carter and the Democrats' Last Hurrahp. 217
Republicans and the End of Federal Assistancep. 219
Political Reality and Urban Policyp. 224
The Cities' Fall from Gracep. 226
The End of Urban Policyp. 228
The Rise of the Sunbeltp. 234
A Historic Shiftp. 234
Outtake: The Electoral College Favors the Sunbeltp. 235
The Concept of the Sunbeltp. 236
Regional Shiftsp. 239
Why the Sunbelt Prosperedp. 242
The New Politics of Sunbelt Citiesp. 246
Regional Convergence and National Politicsp. 250
The Fractured Metropolisp. 257
The Rise of the Fragmented Metropolisp. 258
Metropolitan Turf Warsp. 258
Outtake: There Is a Debate about Gated Communitiesp. 259
How the Suburbs Became Segregatedp. 261
Selling the American Dreamp. 265
The Imperative of Racial Segregationp. 267
Walling Off the Suburbs: Incorporationp. 271
Walling Off the Suburbs: Zoningp. 274
The Challenge to Exclusionary Zoningp. 278
The New Face of Enclave Politicsp. 281
Governing the Fragmented Metropolisp. 287
The Problem of Regional Governancep. 287
Outtake: The Costs of Sprawl Are Hotly Debatedp. 288
The New Urban Formp. 290
The Concerns about Sprawlp. 292
A History of Metropolitan Reformp. 297
The New Regionalismp. 302
Smart Growthp. 305
The New Urbanismp. 309
The Prospect for Reformp. 314
The Metropolitan Chasep. 320
The Regional Battlegroundp. 320
Outtake: Hundreds of Little Hoovers Make the Economic Crisis Worsep. 321
Cities in the U.S. Federal Systemp. 323
Where the Money Comes Fromp. 325
Where the Money Goesp. 331
The Municipal Bond Marketp. 336
The Rise of Special Authoritiesp. 341
Fiscal Politics and Federalismp. 344
The Renaissance of the Metropolitan Centerp. 350
The Recovery of the Central Citiesp. 350
Outtake: Baltimore's Revival Is Debatedp. 351
The Decline of Downtownp. 353
Globalization and the Downtown Renaissancep. 356
The New Urban Culturep. 359
Tourism and Entertainmentp. 361
Convention Centersp. 363
Sports Stadiumsp. 366
Malls, Entertainment, and Lifestyle Complexesp. 370
Casino Gamingp. 374
The Politics of Tourismp. 375
Old and New Downtownsp. 377
Governing the Divided Cityp. 385
A Delicate Balancing Actp. 385
Outtake: Multiethnic Coalitions Are Hard to Keep Togetherp. 387
Assessing the State of Urban Governancep. 388
The Rewards of Political Incorporationp. 392
Neighborhood Organizing and the Urban Agendap. 398
Community Development Corporationsp. 401
The Conservative Reactionp. 404
A Convergence of Stylesp. 408
City and Metropolis in the Global Erap. 414
Politics in a Time of Changep. 414
The New (but Actually Old) Growth Politicsp. 415
The Delicate Art of Urban Governancep. 416
The Politics of the Fragmented Metropolisp. 417
Indexp. 420
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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