9780631219064

The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide

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  • ISBN13:

    9780631219064

  • ISBN10:

    0631219064

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2002-11-01
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
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List Price: $68.95

Summary

The Classics of Western Philosophy brings together 61 newly-commissioned essays on classic texts ranging from Ancient Greece to the twentieth century. Surveying the history of philosophy, the book focuses on historical texts rather than historical figures and covers the entire range of classics in a single volume. Provides 61 chapters written by leading experts on the classics of Western thought. Includes current references to the scholarly literature in addition to a select bibliography of major articles and books. Contributors include C.D.C. Reeve on Plato's Republic, Terrence Irwin on Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Dominic O'Meara on Plotinus' Enneads, James Ross on Aquinas' Summa Theologiae, Don Garrett on Spinoza's Ethics, Allen Wood on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, Stephen Houlgate on Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit, Michael Dummett on Frege's ' ber Sinn und Bedeutung,' Hanjo Glock on Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus and David Woodruff Smith on Husserl's Logical Investigations. Surveys the history of philosophy by focussing on the historical texts rather than historical figures. Covers the entire range of classics in a single volume.

Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors xi
Preface xvii
Pre-Socratics, Fragments (ca. 600--440 BC): The Birth of Philosophical Investigation
1(9)
T. M. Robinson
Plato, Phaedo (ca. 385 BC): The Soul's Mediation between Corporeality and the Good
10(10)
Kenneth Dorter
Plato, Republic (ca. 380 BC): The Psycho-politics of Justice
20(18)
C. D. C. Reeve
Aristotle, Metaphysics (367--323 BC): Substance, Form, and God
38(18)
Michael J. Loux
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (367--323 BC): A Sort of Political Science
56(14)
T. H. Irwin
Lucretius, De rerum natura (ca. 99--55 BC): Breaking the Shackles of Religion
70(6)
David Sedley
Plotinus, Enneads (250--270): A Philosophy for Crossing Boundaries
76(12)
Dominic J. O'Meara
Augustine, On Free Choice of the Will (388--395): Evil, God's Foreknowledge, and Human Free Will
88(8)
Gareth B. Matthews
Augustine, Confessions (ca. 400): Real-life Philosophy
96(9)
Scott MacDonald
Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy (ca. 525): How Far Can Philosophy Console?
105(6)
John Marenbon
Anselm of Canterbury, Proslogion (ca. 1078): On Thinking of That-than-which-a-Greater-Cannot-Be-Thought
111(8)
Jasper Hopkins
Averroes, The Incoherence of ``The Incoherence'' (ca. 1180): The Incoherence of the Philosophers
119(7)
Deborah L. Black
Maimonides, The Guide of the Perplexed (ca. 1190): The Perplexities of the Guide
126(11)
Alfred L. Ivry
Thomas Aquinas, On Being and Essence (ante 1256): Toward a Metaphysics of Existence
137(6)
Jorge J. E. Gracia
Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologiae (ca. 1273): Christian Wisdom Explained Philosophically
143(24)
James F. Ross
John Duns Scotus, Questions on the Metaphysics of Aristotle (ca. 1300): A New Direction for Metaphysics
167(10)
Timothy B. Noone
William of Ockham, Summa logicae (ca. 1324): Nominalism in Thought and Language
177(6)
Claude Panaccio
Nicholas of Cusa, On Learned Ignorance (ca. 1440): Byzantine Light en route to a Distant Shore
183(7)
Peter Casarella
Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince (1513): Politics as the Pursuit of Power
190(7)
Bjorn Thommessen
Francisco de Vitoria, De Indis and De iure belli relectiones (1557): Philosophy Meets War
197(7)
Gregory M. Reichberg
Francisco Suarez, Metaphysical Disputations (1597): From the Middle Ages to Modernity
204(6)
Jorge J. E. Gracia
Francis Bacon, New Organon (1620): The Politics and Philosophy of Experimental Science
210(7)
Robert K. Faulkner
Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy (1641): Thought, Existence, and the Project of Science
217(17)
Emily R. Grosholz
Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651): The Right of Nature and the Problem of Civil War
234(11)
Henrik Syse
Benedict de Spinoza, Ethics (1677): The Metaphysics of Blessedness
245(15)
Don Garrett
John Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690): An Empirical View of Knowledge and Reality
260(10)
Vere Chappell
George Berkeley, Three Dialogues (1713): Idealism, Skepticism, Common Sense
270(7)
George Pappas
G. W. Leibniz, Monadology (1714): What There Is in the Final Analysis
277(8)
Robert Sleigh
Giambattista Vico, The New Science (1730/1744): The Common Nature of Nations
285(6)
Donald Phillip Verene
David Hume, Treatise of Human Nature (1740): A Genial Skepticism, an Ethical Naturalism
291(18)
Fred Wilson
Baron de Montesquieu, The Spirit of Laws (1748): From Political Philosophy to Political Science
309(7)
David W. Carrithers
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Of the Social Contract (1762): Transforming Natural Man into Citizen
316(10)
Richard Velkley
Immanuel Kant, The Critique of Pure Reason (1781): A Lawful Revolution and a Coming of Age in Metaphysics
326(20)
Allen W. Wood
Immanuel Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1785): Duty and Autonomy
346(11)
Andrews Reath
Friedrich Schiller, The Aesthetic Education of Man in a Series of Letters (1795): The Play of Beauty as Means and End
357(7)
Daniel O. Dahlstrom
G. W. F. Hegel, Phenomenology of Spirit (1807): Thinking Philosophically without Begging the Question
364(19)
Stephen Houlgate
Karl Marx, The Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844: Radical Criticism and a Humanistic Vision
383(6)
William McBride
Soren Kierkegaard, Concluding Unscientific Postscript to Philosophical Fragments (1846): Making Things Difficult for the System and for Christendom
389(6)
Merold Westphal
John Stuart Mill, On Liberty (1859): The Rational Foundations of Individual Freedom
395(10)
G. W. Smith
Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil (1886): Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future
405(11)
Richard Schacht
Gottlob Frege, ``Uber Sinn und Bedeutung'' (1892): A Fundamental Distinction
416(7)
Michael Dummett
Edmund Husserl, Logical Investigations (1900--1901): From Logic through Ontology to Phenomenology
423(17)
David Woodruff Smith
William James, Varieties of Religious Experience (1902): Dimensions of Concrete Experience
440(6)
Sandra B. Rosenthal
G. E. Moore, Principia Ethica (1903): Ethical Analysis and Aesthetic Ideals
446(7)
Thomas Baldwin
Charles Sanders Peirce, 1903 Harvard Lectures on Pragmatism:: The Practice of Inquiry
453(7)
Vincent Colapietro
Bertrand Russell, ``On Denoting'' (1905) and ``Mathematical Logic as Based on the Theory of Types'' (1908): Metaphysics to Logic and Back
460(7)
Stewart Shapiro
Henri Bergson, Creative Evolution (1907): Analysis and Life
467(7)
F. C. T. Moore
Ludwig Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-philosophicus (1921): The Essence of Representation
474(12)
Hans-Johann Glock
John Dewey, Experience and Nature (1925): What You See Is What You Get
486(8)
John McDermott
Martin Heidegger, Being and Time (1927): Authentic Temporal Existence
494(10)
Bernard N. Schumacher
Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality (1929): Scientific Revolutions and the Search for Covariant Metaphysical Principles
504(8)
George R. Lucas, Jr
Karl Popper, The Logic of Scientific Discovery (1934): Not Logic but Decision Procedure
512(7)
Mariam Thalos
Jean-Paul Sartre, Being and Nothingness (1943): The Prodigious Power of the Negative
519(6)
Thomas R. Flynn
Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception (1945): How is the Third-person Perspective Possible?
525(8)
Stephen Priest
R. G. Collingwood, The Idea of History (1946): History as the Science of Mind
533(7)
Jonathan Ree
Gilbert Ryle, The Concept of Mind (1949): A Method and a Theory
540(6)
Laird Addis
Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations (1953): Clarity versus Pretension
546(13)
Newton Garver
P. F. Strawson, Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics (1959): The Rehabilitation of Metaphysics
559(7)
David Bell
W. V. O. Quine, Word and Object (1960): The Metaphysics of Meaning
566(8)
Randall Dipert
J. L. Austin, How to Do Things with Words (1962): An Active View of Language
574(6)
Nicholas Fotion
Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962): ``Relativism'' Hits the Headlines
580(7)
Endre Begby
Name Index 587(12)
Subject Index 599

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