Classroom Assessment

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-07-24
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages
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Classroom Assessment: Concepts and Applicationsviews classroom assessment as an everyday, ongoing part of teaching, integral to everything that happens in the classroom. The text is organized to follow the natural progression of teacher decision making, from organizing the class as a learning community to planning and conducting instruction to the formal evaluation of learning and, finally, to grading.Classroom Assessmentpresents complex concepts clearly so that pre-service teachers can understand them, and solidly grounds these concepts in best practice through practical, well-integrated examples. The text conceives of classroom assessment in a broader way than many other texts. It focuses not only on the assessment needs of testing, grading, interpreting standardized tests, and performance assessments but also on assessment concerns in organizing a classroom at the start of school, planning and implementing instruction, and strategies of teacher self reflection.

Author Biography

Michael Russell is Associate Professor of Education at Boston College's Lynch School of Education, where he Directs the Technology and Assessment Study Collaborative.

Table of Contents

The Breadth of Classroom Assessment
Purposes of Assessment
Phases of Classroom Assessment
Assessment, Testing, Measuring, and Evaluations
Three General Ways to Collect Data
Student Products, Observation, and Oral Questioning
Standardized and Nonstandardized Assessments
Appropriateents: Valid and Reliable Ethical
Issues and Responsibilities
Learning About Students
Early Assessment Gathering
Information about Students
Sources of Information about Students
Forming Student Descriptions
Concerns about Accuracy and Validity
Identifying Special Needs
Improving Early Assessments
Lesson Planning and Assessment Objectives
The Instructional Process
Instructional Planning
Three Levels of Teaching Objectives
Three Domains of Objectives
Stating and Constructing Objectives
Lesson Plans Textbook Objectives and Assessments
State Content Standards Improving the Tie between Planning and Assessment
Assessment During Instruction
Assessment Tasks during Instruction Validity and Reliability in Instructional
Assessment Improving
Assessment during Instruction
Questioning: Purposes and Strategies
Accommodations during Instruction
Summative Assessments
Formative and Summative Assessments
The Logic of Summative Assessments
Planning a Summative Assessment
Preparing Students for Official Assessments
Creating Achievement Tests
Selection and Supply Test
Items Higher-Level Questions
Guidelines for Writing and Critiquing Test Items
Improving Achievement Tests
Assembling Tests
Administering Tests
Issues of Cheating Scoring Paper-and-Pencil Tests
Analying Item Validity Discussing Test
Results wAnalyzingents Universal
Design and Test Accommodations
Performance Assessments
The General Role of Performance Assessments
Performance Assessment in Schools Developing
Performance Assessments
Anecdotal Records, Checklists, and Rating Scales
Rubrics Portfolios Validity and Reliability of Performance Assessments
Grading Rationale and Difficulties of Grading
Grading as Judgment Four Types of Comparison for Grading
Grading for Cooperative Learning and Students with Disabilities
Deciding What to Grade Summarizing Various Types of Assessment
Two Approaches to Assigning Grades
Other Methods of Reporting Student Progress
Commercial Standardized Achievement Tests
How Commercial Achievement Tests are Created
Administering the Test
Interpreting Scores Three Examples of Test
Interpretation The Validity of Commercial Achievement Tests
Computer-Based Technology and Classroom Assessment
Growth of Educational Technology
Computers and the Instructional Process
Computers are Toolboxes Computers and Assessment
During Instruction Computers and Summative
Assessment Classroom Assessment: Summing Up
Standards for Teacher Competence in Educational Assessment of Students
Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Major Categories and Illustrative Objectives)
Sample Individual Education Plan
Statistical Applications for Classroom Assessment
Some Resources for Identifying Special Needs
Name Index
Subject Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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