9780309110228

Coal : Research and Development to Support National Energy Policy

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780309110228

  • ISBN10:

    030911022X

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2007-12-31
  • Publisher: Natl Academy Pr

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Summary

Coal will continue to provide a major portion of energy requirements in the United States for at least the next several decades. It is imperative that accurate information describing the amount, location, and quality of the coal resources and reserves be available to fulfill energy needs. It is also important that the United States extract its coal resources efficiently, safely, and in an environmentally responsible manner. A renewed focus on federal support for coal-related research, coordinated across agencies and with the active participation of the states and industrial sector, is a critical element for each of these requirements. Coalfocuses on the research and development needs and priorities in the areas of coal resource and reserve assessments, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal products, and coal utilization.

Table of Contents

Summaryp. 1
Introductionp. 13
Coal in the U.S. Energy Economyp. 15
Committee Charge and Scope of This Studyp. 19
Committee Processp. 19
Report Organization-The Coal Fuel Cyclep. 21
Projections for U.S. and World Coal Usep. 24
Coal Production Scenarios for the United Statesp. 24
International Coal Production Projectionsp. 32
How Well Do Models Predict Reality?p. 39
Findings-Projections for Future Coal Production and Usep. 40
Coal Resource, Reserve, and Quality Assessmentsp. 43
Resource and Reserve Definitionsp. 44
Sources of Coal Resource and Reserve Informationp. 46
U.S. Coal Resource and Reserve Estimatesp. 50
International Coal Resource Assessmentsp. 53
Findings and Recommendation-Coal Resource, Reserve, and Quality Assessmentsp. 54
Coal Mining and Processingp. 57
Coal Mining Industry in the United Statesp. 57
Coal Mining and Processing Methodsp. 59
Major Coal Mining and Processing Issuesp. 66
Coal Mining and Processing R&D Programsp. 71
Findings and Recommendations-Coal Mining and Processingp. 75
Transport of Coal and Coal Productsp. 80
Transportation by Railp. 81
Transportation by Truckp. 84
Waterborne Coal Transportationp. 84
Transportation of Coal Exports and Importsp. 86
Electricity Transmissionp. 86
Transport of Coal-Derived Productsp. 88
Findings-Transport of Coal and Coal Productsp. 89
Coal Utilizationp. 91
Coal Utilization Technologiesp. 91
Environmental Impacts of Coal Usep. 96
Federal Coal Utilization R&D Programsp. 101
Findings and Recommendation-Coal Utilizationp. 106
Coal Research Needs and Prioritiesp. 108
Societal Issues and Coalp. 110
Existing Federal Support for Coal-Related R&Dp. 112
Improved Coal Resource, Reserve, and Quality Assessmentsp. 116
Research to Support Coal Mining and Processingp. 118
Transport of Coal and Coal Productsp. 121
Research to Support Coal Utilizationp. 122
Coordination of Coal-Related R&D by Federal Agenciesp. 123
Referencesp. 128
Appendixes
Committee and Staff Biographiesp. 139
Presentations to the Committeep. 145
Federal Support for Coal Researchp. 148
Data Tables: U.S. and World Coal Reservesp. 155
Coal Mining and Processing Methodsp. 160
Acronyms and Abbreviationsp. 167
Unit Conversion Factors and Energy Ratingsp. 170
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