Cognitive Psychology : Applying the Science of the Mind

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  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2008-01-01
  • Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
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This book brings cognition to life by demonstrating the endless application of cognitive psychology to everyday life. While introducing the current research in this rapidly changing field, the text also introduces critical thinking exercises that highlight important phenomena and provide an engaging firsthand view of the everyday relevance of research in cognition. The book has three main threads that serve as unifying themes for current research in the field: Cognition and Neuroscience; Cognition and Consciousness; and Cognition and Individual Differences. A "story" introduces the book and is continually referred to throughout in installments, highlighting the application of the information and providing a useful organizing tool.

Table of Contents

An Introduction to Cognition What is Cognition?
The Omnipresence of Cognitive Processing
An Interdisciplinary Perspective Psychology B.C(Before Cognitive psychology)
Structuralism: The Contents of Mental Experience
Functionalism: The Functions of Mental Experience
Behaviorism: The Rejection of Mental Experience
Laying the Foundation for Cognitive Psychology
The Emergence of Cognitive Psychology
S-R Explanations: Seriously wRong?
Technological Influences Psychology A.D(After Decline of behaviorism)
Behaviorism Reconsidered Information-Processing: A Computer Metaphor for Cognition
Connectionism: A Brain Metaphor for Cognition
Alternative Approaches to Cognitive Psychology Research Themes
Research Methods in Cognition Descriptive Research
Naturalistic Observation
Case Studies Self-Report Experimental Research
The Importance of the Computer
What Happens in an Experiment?
The Advantages and Disadvantages of an Experiment
The Cognitive psychology Experiment
How Can We See Thinking?
The Dependent Variable
What Variables Influence Cognition?
The Independent Variable
Confounding Variables
Assigning Participants to Conditions The Factorial Design
Analyzing and Presenting Results
A Sample Experiment Cognitive Neuroscience: Investigating Mind and Brain
An Overview of The Nervous System
The Tools of Cognitive Neuroscience
Basics of Perception and Awareness
Basic Issues in Perception
Sensation andPerception
Bottom-Up and Top-Down Processing The Basic Tasks of Visual Perception
Perceptual Organizational Processes Multisensory Interaction and Integration
Synesthesia Comparing the Senses Perception and Action Consciousness Varieties of Consciousness Subliminal Perception Perceptual Processing and Attention Visual Attention Auditory Attention
Attending to and Manipulating Information
Selection and Division: The Strategic Nature of Attention
Control of Selective Attention
Dividing Attention
Characteristics of Automatic Processes
Accounts of Automaticity
Costs of Automaticity Processing in Immediate Memory
The Information Processing Approach to Memory
Short-Term Memory A Modular Approach to STM: Working Memory
The Articulatory Loop
The Visuo-Spatial Sketchpad
The Episodic Buffer
Central Executive
Working Memory and the Brain
The Working Memory Model Re-Considered
Identification and Classification Identification and Classifictation: An Overview
Identifcation: Recognizing from the Bottom, Up and from the Top, Down
Concepts and Categories: The Database for Recognition Object Recognition
Effects of Orientation and Perspective
Effects of Context
Theories of Visual Object Recognition
Non-Visual Recognition Recognizing Faces
Face Inversion Configural Processing
So, Is Face Recognition Special?
Self-Recognition Concepts and Categories
Types of Categories (Categories as a Category)
Functions of Concepts
Approaches to Concept Representation
Encoding and Retrieval Processes in Long-Term Memory Fundamental Issues and Distinctions
Short-Term Memory vs.Long-Term Memory Types of Long-Term Memory A Descriptive Framework: Encoding
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