9780875814384

The Community and the Social Worker

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780875814384

  • ISBN10:

    0875814387

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2000-01-01
  • Publisher: Brooks Cole

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Supplemental Materials

What is included with this book?

Summary

This text is intended to contribute to an understanding of human behavior in the social environment by providing social work students with an introduction to American communities. The primary focus is on local communities of place. Attention is also given to the communities of interest and identification that are intertwined with geographic communities. Ecological systems and social systems perspectives serve as conceptual and practical frameworks for examining the multiple communities in which people have membership, social identity, and social interaction. This edition begins with an exposition of the societal context of communities. American society is recognized as part of a global community and then examined as a social system, a community of communities, a multicultural society, and a civil society. The book emphasizes the way that discrimination, economic deprivation, and oppression affect populations at risk and demonstrates the role communities play in the pursuit of individual and collective social and economic justice.

Author Biography

Phillip Fellin is Professor and former Dean of the School of Social Work at the University of Michigan

Table of Contents

The Societal Context of Communities
1(29)
The Global Community
2(2)
Defining Society
4(2)
Cultural Perspectives on Society
6(1)
Culture as Values
7(1)
Social Processes and American Identity
8(3)
The Future of American Culture
11(1)
Mass Culture and Mass Society
12(2)
Civil Society
14(2)
Social Order and Social Control in American Society
16(2)
Maintenance of Social Order
18(1)
Social and Economic Justice in Society
19(1)
Social Movements and Social Justice
20(2)
American Society as a Social System
22(2)
American Society as an Ecological System
24(4)
Chapter 1 Review
28(2)
American Society as a Welfare State
30(19)
Sectors of the Welfare State
31(2)
Governmentals Welfare Sector
33(4)
Health Care System
37(2)
Private and Corporate Welfare Sectors
39(1)
Social Development and the Welfare State
39(1)
Theories of the Welfare State
40(1)
The Future Welfare State
41(3)
Welfare Reform and Social Justice
44(1)
Welfare Capitalism
45(2)
Chapter 2 Review
47(2)
Defining Communities
49(21)
Locality-Based Communities
51(1)
Planned Communities
52(4)
Communities of Identification and Interest
56(1)
Multiple Identities and Community Affiliations
57(1)
Examples of Identificational Communities
58(11)
Chapter 3 Review
69(1)
Community Competence and Systems Perspectives
70(19)
Barriers to Community Competence
72(5)
Systems Perspectives: An Overview
77(5)
Community as a Social System
82(2)
Application of a Social Systems Perspective
84(2)
Community as an ``Ecology of Games''
86(1)
Chapter 4 Review
87(2)
Demographic Development of Communities
89(24)
Population Size
90(2)
Density in Communities
92(1)
Diversity in Communities
93(4)
Phases of Urbanization
97(2)
Edge Cities
99(2)
Urban Sprawl
101(2)
Rural Areas and Urbanization
103(1)
Human Capital and Rural Communities
104(2)
Demographic Changes in the Inner City
106(3)
Changes in Residential Segregation in Metropolitan Areas
109(1)
Gentrification
110(2)
Chapter 5 Review
112(1)
Stratification by Social Class
113(15)
The Meaning of Social Class
114(1)
Occupation, Income, and Education
115(1)
Lifestyle
116(3)
Social Classes as Communities of Identification
119(1)
The Underclass
120(1)
Social Mobility
121(1)
Social Class and Ethnic Minority Groups
121(5)
Chapter 6 Review
126(2)
Neighborhood Communities
128(21)
Neighborhood Boundaries and Social Mapping
129(3)
Neighborhood Appearance
132(1)
Neighborhood as Primary Group
133(2)
Neighborhood Functions
135(2)
Neighborhood Types
137(1)
Model One: Social Identity, Social Interaction, and Linkages
137(3)
Model Two: Organizational and Value Dimensions
140(1)
Model Three: Population and Organizational Factors
141(1)
Model Four: Economic Level, Mobility, Segregation
142(2)
Neighborhoods as Enclaves
144(1)
Slum and Ghetto Neighborhoods
145(3)
Chapter 7 Review
148(1)
Social Class and Ethnic/Cultural Neighborhoods
149(25)
Social Class Neighborhoods
150(2)
Diversity in Social Class Neighborhoods
152(1)
Change in Social Status of Neighborhoods
153(1)
Ethnic Neighborhoods
154(2)
Spatial and Sociopsychological Communities
156(2)
Segregation in Neighborhoods
158(1)
White Flight
159(1)
Succession
160(3)
Creation and Maintenance of Residential Integration
163(2)
Examples of Diverse Neighborhoods
165(2)
Establishing Integration Objectives
167(1)
Settlement of New Immigrants
168(3)
Gay Community Neighborhoods
171(2)
Chapter 8 Review
173(1)
Community Social Welfare and Health Care Systems
174(31)
Service Sectors
175(1)
Human Service Organizations
176(4)
Self-Help and Support Organizations
180(3)
Private Practice of Social Work
183(1)
Community Organization---Environment Relationship
183(2)
Fields of Service
185(3)
Trends in Community Social Services and Health Care Systems
188(5)
Ethnicity and the Social Services System
193(3)
Health Care
196(3)
Trends in the Health Care System
199(5)
Chapter 9 Review
204(1)
The Community Educational System
205(40)
The Role of State and Federal Governments
206(5)
Structure of Public Education at the Community Level
211(3)
Health and Related Services
214(1)
Sex Education
215(1)
Sexual Harassment
216(1)
School Violence
216(2)
School-Community Relations
218(2)
Relationships to the Economic System
220(1)
Parent Involvement Approaches
221(1)
Desegregation of Schools
222(2)
Church-State Issues
224(3)
Financing of Public Education
227(4)
Schools as Communities
231(1)
Home Schooling
232(2)
School Reform
234(2)
School Choice Programs
236(3)
Multiculturalism as Curriculum Reform
239(2)
Social Work in the Schools
241(3)
Chapter 10 Review
244(1)
Community Economic System
245(38)
Economic System as a Set of Workplaces
246(1)
Equal Employment Opportunitis
247(2)
Diversity in the Workplace
249(2)
Sexual Orientation and Workplace Discrimination
251(2)
Career Tracks
253(3)
Americans with Disabilities Act
256(2)
Ergonomics and the Workplace
258(1)
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
259(3)
Family Support Programs
262(2)
Problems in Community Economic Systems
264(2)
Enterprise Zones/Empowerment Zones
266(2)
The Role of Banks in the Revitalization of Neighborhoods
268(3)
Welfare as a Part of the Economic System
271(1)
The Economy of the Ghetto
272(2)
The Working Poor and Minimum Wages
274(2)
Community Context for Welfare, Ghetto, and Working Poor
276(1)
Effects of Economic Conditions on the Middle Class
277(1)
Immigration and the Economy
278(3)
Chapter 11 Review
281(2)
Community Political System
283(26)
The Structure of a Community Political System
284(3)
Citizen Participation in Local Government
287(1)
Creation of Political Districts
288(1)
Community Power Perspectives
289(3)
Community Power from an Organizational Perspective
292(1)
Examples of Community Empowerment
293(5)
Criminal and Juvenile Justice System
298(5)
Community Government Responses to Crime
303(3)
Security in Schools
306(1)
Gun Control
306(1)
Native Americans and Violent Crime
307(1)
Chapter 12 Review
308(1)
Community Conflict
309(13)
The Process of Community Conflict
310(1)
Positive Functions of Community Conflict
311(1)
Community Conflicts and the Community System
312(1)
Community-Based Treatment Centers
312(3)
Urban Redevelopment
315(1)
Keeping Out the Homeless
316(1)
Controversies Over Adult Entertainment
316(1)
Conflict Over Art and Graffiti
317(1)
Conflicts Over Marches/Rallies
317(1)
Controversies Over Barricades
318(1)
Community Associations and Residents
319(1)
Local Governments and Religion-Based Communities
320(1)
Local Governments and Immigrants
320(1)
Chapter 13 Review
321(1)
Social Integration in Communities
322(19)
Social Networks
323(1)
Voluntary Associations and Social Integration
324(1)
Religion and Community Integration
325(2)
Mass Society, Residence, and Social Integration
327(1)
Obvious and Less Obvious Sources of Integration
328(4)
Business and Entertainment Neighborhoods
332(1)
Sports Teams and Community Attachment
333(1)
Reintegration into Communities
334(1)
Social Integration and the Unemployed
335(1)
Social Integration Among the Homeless
336(2)
Social Integration of New Immigrants
338(1)
Chapter 14 Review
339(2)
Communities and Social Work Practice
341(16)
The Societal Context of Communities
342(2)
American Society as a Welfare State
344(1)
Defining Communities and Community Competence
345(2)
Systems Perspectives for Understanding Communities
347(1)
Demographic Development of Communities
348(1)
Stratification by Social Class
349(1)
Neighborhood Communities
350(1)
Social Class and Ethnic/Cultural Communities
351(1)
Community Social Welfare and Health Care Systems
351(1)
Community Educational System
352(2)
The Community Economic System
354(1)
The Community Political System
354(1)
Community Conflict and Community Integration
355(2)
References 357(27)
Index 384

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