Comparative Criminal Justice Systems A Topical Approach

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  • Edition: 5th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2007-02-20
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
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Unique in its topical approach, this best-selling book examines systems of law, police, courts, and corrections by using more than 30 different countries to show the diversity in legal systems around the world. The book's organization helps readers understand the various ways policing, adjudication, and corrections systems can be organized and operated. This edition features more complete coverage of Islamic legal tradition, information on reform in Japan, more use of primary sources and updated material throughout.Fully updated to include more information on: The Patriot Act; Sunni and Shia Muslims; Substantive and procedural law changes for France, Germany, and Nigeria; Inquisitorial and adversarial systems; Trial under an inquisitorial proces; Juvenile justice system changes in England, Wales and China. Gives greater attention to the Islamic legal tradition and includes detailed descriptions of its key aspects. Reflect up-to-date events in Japanese criminal justice and covers changes that have been officially approved, but are not yet fully implemented. References the actual laws of many countries and provides additional information supplied by that countryrs"s criminal justice agency. Anyone interested in criminal justice across the world.

Table of Contents

An International Perspective Why Study The Legal System of Other Countries?
Provincial Benefits of an International
Perspective Universal Benefits of an International
Perspective Neighbor Cooperation Multinational Cooperation
Approaches to An International Perspective
Historical Approach Political Approach Descriptive Approach
Strategies Under The Descriptive Approach
The Functions/Procedures Strategy
The Institutions/Actors Strategy
Comparison Through Classification
The Need for Classification
Classification Strategies
The Role of Classification in This Book
The Structure of This Book Summary Discussion Questions
Crime, Transnational Crime, and Justice Comparative Criminology and Criminal Justice
Comparative Criminology Looks at Crime as a Social Phenomenon
Comparing Similar Data
Comparing over time Using United Nations crime data
Comparative Criminology Looks at Crime as Social Behavior
Modernization Theories
Civilization Theory
World System Theory
Opportunity Theories
Transnational Crime
Transnational Crime Types
Computer Crime
Corruption and Bribery of Public Officials, Party Officials, and Elected Representatives Illicit Drug Trafficking
Money Laundering
Sea Piracy Theft of Art and Cultural Objects
Trade in Human Body Parts
Trafficking in Persons Terrorism
Domestic and International Terrorism
Terrorism Typologies
Response to Transnational Crime
National Efforts: USA International Efforts
Interpol Responds to Transnational Crime
The United Nations Responds to Transnational Crime
Summary Discussion Questions
An American Perspective on Criminal Law Essential Ingredients of Justice Systems
Substantive Criminal Law
General Characteristics of Criminal Law
Major Principles of Criminal Law
Procedural Criminal Law
Constitutional Provisions for the Criminal Process Crime Control Model Due Process Model
Liberty, Safety, and Fighting Terrorism
The USA PATRIOT Act Substantive Law
Issues Section 206
Section 215
Section 213
Due Process and Terrorist Suspects Procedural Law
Issues Is America's Reaction That Different?
Summary Discussion Questions
Legal Traditions Legal Systems and Legal Traditions Today's Four Legal Traditions
Common Legal Tradition Feudal Practices Custom Equity
Civil Legal Tradition Roman Law
Canon Law Codification Socialist Legal Tradition Russian Law
Law as Artificial Marxism Leninism
Socialist Legal Tradition after the USSR's Demise Islamic (Religious/Philosophical)
Legal Tradition
The Qur'an and Sunna Ijma and qiyas Schools of law
Comparison of The Legal Traditions
Cultural Component Private and Public Law
Balance/Separation of Powers Substantive Component Primary Source of Common Law
Primary Source of Civil Law
Primary Source of Socialist Law
Primary Source of Islamic Law
Procedural Component Flexibility in Common Law
Flexibility in Civil Law
Flexibility in Socialist Law
Flexibility in Islamic Law
Summary Discussion Questions
Substantive Law and Procedural Law in the Four Legal Traditions Substantive Criminal Law
General Characteristics and Major Principles Substantive Law in
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